ୟୁରାନିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Uranium,  92U
Two hands in brown gloves holding a blotched gray disk with a number 2068 hand-written on it
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ uranium, U
Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /jʊˈrniəm/
ew-ray-nee-əm
Uranium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Nd

U

(Uqq)
protactiniumuraniumneptunium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 92
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 7
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   actinide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 238.02891(3)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 1405.3 K ​(1132.2 °C, ​2070 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 4404 K ​(4131 °C, ​7468 °F)
Density near r.t. 19.1 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 17.3 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 9.14 kJ/mol
Heat of 417.1 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 27.665 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2325 2564 2859 3234 3727 4402
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 6, 5, 4, 3[୧], 2, 1
(weakly basic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.38
Atomic radius empirical: 156 pm
Covalent radius 196±7 pm
Van der Waals radius 186 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for uranium
Speed of sound thin rod 3155 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion 13.9 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 27.5 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 0.280 µ Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Young's modulus 208 GPa
Shear modulus 111 GPa
Bulk modulus 100 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.23
CAS Number 7440-61-1
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1789)
First isolation Eugène-Melchior Péligot (1841)
Most stable isotopes of uranium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
232U trace 68.9 y SF -
α 5.414 228Th
233U trace 1.592×105 y SF 197.93[୨]
α 4.909 229Th
234U 0.005% 2.455×105 y SF 197.78
α 4.859 230Th
235U 0.720% 7.04×108 y SF 202.48
α 4.679 231Th
236U trace 2.342×107 y SF 201.82
α 4.572 232Th
238U 99.274% 4.468×109 y α 4.270 234Th
SF 205.87
ββ - 238Pu
| references

ୟୁରାନିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Uପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୯୨ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Morss, L.R.; Edelstein, N.M. and Fuger, J., ed. (2006). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 9048131464. 
  2. Magurno, B.A. ; Pearlstein, S, ed. (1981). Proceedings of the conference on nuclear data evaluation methods and procedures. BNL-NCS 51363, vol. II. Upton, NY (USA): Brookhaven National Lab. pp. 835 ff. 

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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