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Uranium,  92U
Two hands in brown gloves holding a blotched gray disk with a number 2068 hand-written on it
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକuranium, U
Appearancesilvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /jʊˈrniəm/
Uranium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)92
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 7
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  actinide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)238.02891(3)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ1405.3 K ​(1132.2 °C, ​2070 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ4404 K ​(4131 °C, ​7468 °F)
Density near r.t.19.1 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.17.3 g/cm3
Heat of fusion9.14 kJ/mol
Heat of 417.1 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity27.665 J/(mol·K)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2325 2564 2859 3234 3727 4402
Atomic properties
Oxidation states6, 5, 4, 3[୧], 2, 1
(weakly basic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.38
Atomic radiusempirical: 156 pm
Covalent radius196±7 pm
Van der Waals radius186 pm
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for uranium
Speed of sound thin rod3155 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion13.9 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity27.5 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity0.280 µ Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus208 GPa
Shear modulus111 GPa
Bulk modulus100 GPa
Poisson ratio0.23
CAS Number7440-61-1
ଆବିଷ୍କାରMartin Heinrich Klaproth (1789)
First isolationEugène-Melchior Péligot (1841)
Most stable isotopes of uranium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
232U trace 68.9 y SF -
α 5.414 228Th
233U trace 1.592×105 y SF 197.93[୨]
α 4.909 229Th
234U 0.005% 2.455×105 y SF 197.78
α 4.859 230Th
235U 0.720% 7.04×108 y SF 202.48
α 4.679 231Th
236U trace 2.342×107 y SF 201.82
α 4.572 232Th
238U 99.274% 4.468×109 y α 4.270 234Th
SF 205.87
ββ - 238Pu
| references

ୟୁରାନିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Uପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୯୨ ଅଟେ ।









ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  1. Morss, L.R.; Edelstein, N.M. and Fuger, J., ed. (2006). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 9048131464.CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link)
  2. Magurno, B.A. ; Pearlstein, S, ed. (1981). Proceedings of the conference on nuclear data evaluation methods and procedures. BNL-NCS 51363, vol. II. Upton, NY (USA): Brookhaven National Lab. pp. 835 ff.CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link)


Full reference information for multi-page works cited

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]