ଗନ୍ଧକ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Sulfur,  16S
Sulfur-sample.jpg
Sulfur Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of sulfur
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ sulfur, S
Appearance lemon yellow sintered microcrystals
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈsʌlfər/ sul-fər
Sulfur in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
O

S

Se
phosphorussulfurchlorine
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 16
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 16 (chalcogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 3
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   nonmetal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 32.06(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p4
per shell
2, 8, 6
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 388.36 K ​(115.21 °C, ​239.38 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 717.8 K ​(444.6 °C, ​832.3 °F)
Density near r.t. (alpha) 2.07 g/cm3
(beta) 1.96 g/cm3
(gamma) 1.92 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 1.819 g/cm3
Critical point 1314 K, 20.7 MPa
Heat of fusion (mono) 1.727 kJ/mol
Heat of (mono) 45 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 22.75 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 375 408 449 508 591 717
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1, -2 ​strongly acidic oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.58
energies
(more)
Covalent radius 105±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 180 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for sulfur
Thermal conductivity (amorphous)
0.205 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity (amorphous)
2×1015  Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୧]
Bulk modulus 7.7 GPa
Mohs hardness 2.0
CAS Number 7704-34-9
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Chinese[୨] (Before 2000BC)
Recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier (1777)
Most stable isotopes of sulfur
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
32S 95.02% 32S is stable with 16 neutrons
33S 0.75% 33S is stable with 17 neutrons
34S 4.21% 34S is stable with 18 neutrons
35S syn 87.32 d β 0.167 35Cl
36S 0.02% 36S is stable with 20 neutrons
| references

ଗନ୍ଧକ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Sulfur ବା Sulphur; ସଲ୍‌ଫର୍) ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Sପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୬ ଅଟେ । ଏହା ପ୍ରଚୁର ପରିମାଣରେ ମିଳୁଥିବା ଏକ ଅଧାତୁ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • 32S (୧୬ଟି ନିଉଟ୍ରନ)
  • 33S (୧୭ଟି ନିଉଟ୍ରନ)
  • 34S (୧୮ଟି ନିଉଟ୍ରନ)
  • 35S (୧୯ଟି ନିଉଟ୍ରନ)
  • 36S (୨୦ଟି ନିଉଟ୍ରନ)

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • ସଲଫାମିକ ଅମ୍ଲ
  • ସଲଫର ଡାଇଅକ୍ସାଇଡ୍
  • ସଲଫୁରିକ ଅମ୍ଲ

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]