ଆର୍ଗନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Argon,  18Ar
Vial containing a violet glowing gas
Argon Spectrum.png
Spectral lines of argon
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ argon, Ar
Appearance colorless gas exhibiting a lilac/violet glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈɑrɡɒn/
Argon in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Ne

Ar

Kr
chlorineargonpotassium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 18
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 18 (noble gases), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 3
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   noble gas
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 39.948(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p6
per shell
2, 8, 8
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 83.80 K ​(−189.35 °C, ​−308.83 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 87.30 K ​(−185.85 °C, ​−302.53 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 1.784 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 1.40 g/cm3
Triple point 83.8058 K, ​69 kPa
Critical point 150.87 K, 4.898 MPa
Heat of fusion 1.18 kJ/mol
Heat of 6.43 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K)   47 53 61 71 87
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 0
Electronegativity Pauling scale: no data
energies
(more)
Covalent radius 106±10 pm
Van der Waals radius 188 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for argon
Speed of sound (gas, 27 °C) 323 m/s
Thermal conductivity 17.72x10-3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୧]
CAS Number 7440–37–1
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Lord Rayleigh and William Ramsay (1894)
First isolation Lord Rayleigh and William Ramsay (1894)
Most stable isotopes of argon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
36Ar 0.337% 36Ar is stable with 18 neutrons
37Ar syn 35 d ε 0.813 37Cl
38Ar 0.063% 38Ar is stable with 20 neutrons
39Ar trace 269 y β 0.565 39K
40Ar 99.600% 40Ar is stable with 22 neutrons
41Ar syn 109.34 min β 2.49 41K
42Ar syn 32.9 y β 0.600 42K
| references

ଆର୍ଗନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Argon) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Arପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୮ ଅଟେ । ଏହା ଏକ ନିଷ୍କ୍ରିୟ ଗ୍ୟାସପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ ସାରଣୀର ୧୮ତମ ସ୍ତମ୍ବରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଶିଳ୍ପ କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ତେଜସ୍କ୍ରିୟ କ୍ଷୟ ସମୟରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସୁରକ୍ଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Emsley, J., Nature's Building Blocks; Oxford University Press: Oxford, NY, 2001; pp. 35–39.
  • Brown, T. L.; Bursten, B. E.; LeMay, H. E., In Chemistry: The Central Science, 10th ed.; Challice, J.; .; Folchetti, N. et al.; Eds.; Pearson Education, Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2006; pp. 276 and 289.
  • Triple point temperature: 83.8058 K – Preston-Thomas, H. (1990). "The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)". Metrologia 27: 3–10. Bibcode:1990Metro..27....3P. doi:10.1088/0026-1394/27/1/002. 
  • Triple point pressure: 69 kPa – "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]