ନିଅନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(Neon ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Neon,  10Ne
Neon discharge tube.jpg
Neon gas in a discharge tube, so-called neon light.
Neon spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of neon in the visible region
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ neon, Ne
Appearance colorless gas exhibiting an orange-red glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈnɒn/
Neon in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
He

Ne

Ar
fluorineneonsodium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 10
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 18 (noble gases), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 2
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   noble gas
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 20.1797(6)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [He] 2s2 2p6
per shell
2, 8
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 24.56 K ​(-248.59 °C, ​-415.46 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 27.07 K ​(-246.08 °C, ​-410.94 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 0.9002 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 1.207[୧] g/cm3
Triple point 24.5561 K, ​43[୨][୩] kPa
Critical point 44.4 K, 2.76 MPa
Heat of fusion 0.335 kJ/mol
Heat of 1.71 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 12 13 15 18 21 27
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 1[୪], 0
energies
(more)
Covalent radius 58 pm
Van der Waals radius 154 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for neon
Speed of sound (gas, 0 °C) 435 m/s
Thermal conductivity 49.1x10-3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୫]
Bulk modulus 654 GPa
CAS Number 7440-01-9
ଇତିହାସ
Prediction William Ramsay (1897)
ଆବିଷ୍କାର William Ramsay & Morris Travers[୬] (1898)
First isolation William Ramsay & Morris Travers[୭] (1898)
Most stable isotopes of neon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
20Ne 90.48% 20Ne is stable with 10 neutrons
21Ne 0.27% 21Ne is stable with 11 neutrons
22Ne 9.25% 22Ne is stable with 12 neutrons
| references

ନିଅନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Neon) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Neପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୦ ଅଟେ । ଏହା ଏକ ନିଷ୍କ୍ରିୟ ଗ୍ୟାସ ଅଟେ ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆବିଷ୍କାର- ମୋରିସ୍ ଟ୍ରେଭର୍‌ସ୍‌, ସାର ଉଇଲିୟମ ରାମ୍‌ସେ କେବେ-୧୮୯୮ କେଉଂଠି- ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡ

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

20Ne [10 neutrons] Abundance: 90.48% Stable with 10 neutrons

21Ne [11 neutrons] Abundance: 0.27% Stable with 11 neutrons

22Ne [12 neutrons] Abundance: 0.205% Stable with 12 neutrons

ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Hammond, C.R. (2000). The Elements, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition (PDF). CRC press. p. 19. ISBN 0849304814. 
  2. Preston-Thomas, H. (1990). "The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)". Metrologia 27: 3–10. Bibcode:1990Metro..27....3P. doi:10.1088/0026-1394/27/1/002. 
  3. "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th edition ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005. 
  4. "HNe". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  6. Ramsay, William, Travers, Morris W. (1898). "On the Companions of Argon". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 63 (1): 437–440. doi:10.1098/rspl.1898.0057. 
  7. "Neon: History". Softciências. Retrieved February 27, 2007. 

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]