ନିଅନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(Neon ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Neon,  10Ne
Neon discharge tube.jpg
Neon gas in a discharge tube, so-called neon light.
Neon spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of neon in the visible region
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକneon, Ne
Appearancecolorless gas exhibiting an orange-red glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈnɒn/
Neon in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
He

Ne

Ar
fluorineneonsodium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)10
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 18 (noble gases), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 2
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  noble gas
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)20.1797(6)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[He] 2s2 2p6
per shell
2, 8
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାgas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ24.56 K ​(-248.59 °C, ​-415.46 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ27.07 K ​(-246.08 °C, ​-410.94 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa)0.9002 g/L
when liquid, at b.p.1.207[୧] g/cm3
Triple point24.5561 K, ​43[୨][୩] kPa
Critical point44.4 K, 2.76 MPa
Heat of fusion0.335 kJ/mol
Heat of 1.71 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 12 13 15 18 21 27
Atomic properties
Oxidation states1[୪], 0
energies
(more)
Covalent radius58 pm
Van der Waals radius154 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for neon
Speed of sound(gas, 0 °C) 435 m/s
Thermal conductivity49.1x10-3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୫]
Bulk modulus654 GPa
CAS Number7440-01-9
ଇତିହାସ
PredictionWilliam Ramsay (1897)
ଆବିଷ୍କାରWilliam Ramsay & Morris Travers[୬] (1898)
First isolationWilliam Ramsay & Morris Travers[୭] (1898)
Most stable isotopes of neon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
20Ne 90.48% 20Ne is stable with 10 neutrons
21Ne 0.27% 21Ne is stable with 11 neutrons
22Ne 9.25% 22Ne is stable with 12 neutrons
| references

ନିଅନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Neon) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Neପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୦ ଅଟେ । ଏହା ଏକ ନିଷ୍କ୍ରିୟ ଗ୍ୟାସ ଅଟେ ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆବିଷ୍କାର- ମୋରିସ୍ ଟ୍ରେଭର୍‌ସ୍‌, ସାର ଉଇଲିୟମ ରାମ୍‌ସେ କେବେ-୧୮୯୮ କେଉଂଠି- ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡ

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

20Ne [10 neutrons] Abundance: 90.48% Stable with 10 neutrons

21Ne [11 neutrons] Abundance: 0.27% Stable with 11 neutrons

22Ne [12 neutrons] Abundance: 0.205% Stable with 12 neutrons

ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Hammond, C.R. (2000). The Elements, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition (PDF). CRC press. p. 19. ISBN 0849304814.
  2. Preston-Thomas, H. (1990). "The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90)". Metrologia. 27: 3–10. Bibcode:1990Metro..27....3P. doi:10.1088/0026-1394/27/1/002.
  3. "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th edition ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005.CS1 maint: Extra text (link)
  4. "HNe". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  6. Ramsay, William, Travers, Morris W. (1898). "On the Companions of Argon". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 63 (1): 437–440. doi:10.1098/rspl.1898.0057.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. "Neon: History". Softciências. Retrieved February 27, 2007.

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]