ଆର୍ସେନିକ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Arsenic,  33As
Arsen 1a.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ arsenic, As
Appearance metallic grey
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈɑrsɪnɪk/ ar-sə-nik,
also /ɑrˈsɛnɪk/ ar-sen-ik when attributive
Arsenic in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
P

As

Sb
germaniumarsenicselenium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 33
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 15 (pnictogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   metalloid
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 74.92160(2)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p3
per shell
2, 8, 18, 5
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
Sublimation point 887 K ​(615 °C, ​1137 °F)
Density near r.t. 5.727 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 5.22 g/cm3
Triple point 1090 K, ​3628[୧] kPa
Critical point 1673 K, ? MPa
Heat of fusion (grey) 24.44 kJ/mol
Heat of ? 34.76 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 24.64 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 553 596 646 706 781 874
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 3, 2, 1,[୨] -3 ​mildly acidic oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.18
energies
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 119 pm
Covalent radius 119±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 185 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure trigonal[୩]
Simple trigonal crystal structure for arsenic
Thermal conductivity 50.2 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 333 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୪]
Young's modulus 8 GPa
Bulk modulus 22 GPa
Mohs hardness 3.5
Brinell hardness 1440 MPa
CAS Number 7440-38-2
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Early Bronze Age (2500 BC)
First isolation Albertus Magnus (1250)
Most stable isotopes of arsenic
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
73As syn 80.3 d ε - 73Ge
γ 0.05D, 0.01D, e -
74As syn 17.78 d ε - 74Ge
β+ 0.941 74Ge
γ 0.595, 0.634 -
β 1.35, 0.717 74Se
75As 100% 75As is stable with 42 neutrons
| references

ଆର୍ସେନିକ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Asପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୩ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Gokcen, N. A (1989). "The As (arsenic) system". Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams 10: 11–22. doi:10.1007/BF02882166. 
  2. Ellis, Bobby D. (2004). "Stabilized Arsenic(I) Iodide: A Ready Source of Arsenic Iodide Fragments and a Useful Reagent for the Generation of Clusters". Inorganic Chemistry 43: 5981. doi:10.1021/ic049281s.  |first2= missing |last2= in Authors list (help)
  3. Arsenic, mindat.org
  4. editor-in-chief, David R. Lide. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (81 ed.). CRC press. ISBN 0849304814. 

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