ଦସ୍ତା

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Zinc,  30Zn
Zinc fragment sublimed and 1cm3 cube.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ zinc, Zn
Appearance silver-gray
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈzɪŋk/ zingk
Zinc in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

Zn

Cd
copperzincgallium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 30
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 12, d-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   transition metal, alternatively considered a post-transition metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) 65.38(2)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ar] 3d10 4s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 692.68 K ​(419.53 °C, ​787.15 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 1180 K ​(907 °C, ​1665 °F)
Density near r.t. 7.14 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 6.57 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 7.32 kJ/mol
Heat of 123.6 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 25.470 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 610 670 750 852 990 1179
Atomic properties
Oxidation states +2, +1, 0amphoteric oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.65
energies
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 134 pm
Covalent radius 122±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 139 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for zinc
Speed of sound thin rod (rolled) 3850 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 30.2 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 116 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 59.0 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic
Young's modulus 108 GPa
Shear modulus 43 GPa
Bulk modulus 70 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.25
Mohs hardness 2.5
Brinell hardness 412 MPa
CAS Number 7440-66-6
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Indian metallurgists (before 1000 BC)
First isolation Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (1746)
Recognized as a unique metal by Rasaratna Samuccaya (800)
Most stable isotopes of zinc
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
64Zn 48.6% >2.3×1018 y β+β+ 1.096 64Ni
65Zn syn 243.8 d ε 1.3519 65Cu
γ 1.1155 -
66Zn 27.9% 66Zn is stable with 36 neutrons
67Zn 4.1% 67Zn is stable with 37 neutrons
68Zn 18.8% 68Zn is stable with 38 neutrons
69Zn syn 56 min β 0.906 69Ga
69mZn syn 13.76 h β 0.906 69Ga
70Zn 0.6% >1.3×1016 y ββ 0.998 70Ge
71Zn syn 2.4 min β 2.82 71Ga
71mZn syn 3.97 d β 2.82 71Ga
72Zn syn 46.5 h β 0.458 72Ga
| references

ଦସ୍ତା (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Zinc; ଜିଙ୍କ୍') ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Znପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୦ ଅଟେ ।

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