ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ

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Nitrogen,  7N
Liquidnitrogen.jpg
Nitrogen Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of nitrogen
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକnitrogen, N
Appearancecolorless gas, liquid or solid
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈntrəən/ NY-trə-jən
Nitrogen in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

N

P
carbonnitrogenoxygen
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)7
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 15 (pnictogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 2
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  nonmetal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)14.007(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[He] 2s2 2p3
per shell
2, 5
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାgas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ63.15 K ​(−210.00 °C, ​−346.00 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ77.36 K ​(−195.79 °C, ​−320.33 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa)1.251 g/L
when liquid, at b.p.0.808 g/cm3
Triple point63.1526 K, ​12.53 kPa
Critical point126.19 K, 3.3978 MPa
Heat of fusion(N2) 0.72 kJ/mol
Heat of (N2) 5.56 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(N2)
29.124 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 37 41 46 53 62 77
Atomic properties
Oxidation states5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2, −3 ​strongly acidic oxide
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.04
energies
(more)
Covalent radius71±1 pm
Van der Waals radius155 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for nitrogen
Speed of sound(gas, 27 °C) 353 m/s
Thermal conductivity25.83 × 10−3 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic
CAS Number7727-37-9
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରDaniel Rutherford (1772)
Named byJean-Antoine Chaptal (1790)
Most stable isotopes of nitrogen
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
13N syn 9.965 min ε 2.220 13C
14N 99.634% 14N is stable with 7 neutrons
15N 0.366% 15N is stable with 8 neutrons
| references

ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଓ ଏହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ N, ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୭ ଅଟେ ।ବିଶୁଦ୍ଧ ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ସ୍ୱାଭାବିକ ଅବସ୍ଥାରେ ରଙ୍ଗହୀନ,ଗନ୍ଧହୀନ,ସ୍ୱାଦହୀନ ଓ ନିଷ୍କ୍ରିୟ ଧରଣର ଦ୍ୱିପରମାଣୁ ବିଶିଷ୍ଟ ଗ୍ୟାସ ଅଟେ । ପୃଥୀବୀର ବାୟୁ ମନ୍ଡଳର ୭୮.୦୯ ପ୍ରତିଶତ ଗ୍ୟାସ ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ଅଟେ।

ଇତିହାସ ଓ ନାମକରଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆବିଷ୍କାର- ଡାନିଏଲ୍‌ ରଦରଫୋର୍ଡ କେବେ-୧୭୭୨ କେଉଂଠି- ସ୍କଟଲାଣ୍ଡ/ ସ୍ୱିଡେନ୍‌

ବହୁଳତା: ବିଶ୍ୱ: 1000 ppm (by weight) ସୂର୍ଯ୍ୟ: 1000 ppm (by weight) ପୃଥିବୀ ପୃଷ୍ଠ : 25 ppm ସମୁଦ୍ର: 4.41 ppm ମାନବ ଶରୀର 2.6 x 107 ppb by weight 1.2 x 107 ppb by atoms

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ଏକ ରଙ୍ଗହୀନ,ସ୍ୱାଦହୀନ ଓ ଗନ୍ଧହୀନ ଗ୍ୟାସ୍ ଅଟେ l

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

13N [6 neutrons] Abundance: synthetic Half life: 9.965 minutes [ Electron Capture ] Decay Energy: 2.220 MeV Decays to 13C.

14N [7 neutrons] Abundance: 99.634% Stable with 7 neutrons

15N [8 neutrons] Abundance: 0.366% Stable with 8 neutrons

ରାସାୟନିକ ପ୍ରତିକ୍ରିୟା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯବକ୍ଷାରଜାନ ଚକ୍ର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସହାୟକ ପୁସ୍ତିକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Emsley, John (2011). Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements (New ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-960563-7.

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Garrett, Reginald H. (1999). Biochemistry (2nd ed.). Fort Worth: Saunders College Publ. ISBN 0-03-022318-0. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • "Nitrogen". Los Alamos National Laboratory. 2003-10-20.

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]