ଷ୍ଟ୍ରୋନ୍‌ସିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(Strontium ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Strontium,  38Sr
Strontium destilled crystals.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକstrontium, Sr
Appearancesilvery white metallic
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈstrɒnʃ(i)əm/
STRON-sh(ee)-əm;
/ˈstrɒntiəm/
STRON-tee-əm
Strontium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Ca

Sr

Ba
rubidiumstrontiumyttrium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)38
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 2 (alkaline earth metals), s-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 5
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  alkaline earth metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar)87.62
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Kr] 5s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ1050 K ​(777 °C, ​1431 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ1655 K ​(1382 °C, ​2520 °F)
Density near r.t.2.64 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.2.375 g/cm3
Heat of fusion7.43 kJ/mol
Heat of 136.9 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity26.4 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 796 882 990 1139 1345 1646
Atomic properties
Oxidation states2, 1[୧] (strongly basic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 0.95
Atomic radiusempirical: 215 pm
Covalent radius195±10 pm
Van der Waals radius249 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for strontium
Thermal expansion22.5 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity35.4 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity132 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus15.7 GPa
Shear modulus6.03 GPa
Poisson ratio0.28
Mohs hardness1.5
CAS Number7440-24-6
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରWilliam Cruickshank (1787)
First isolationHumphry Davy (1808)
Most stable isotopes of strontium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
82Sr syn 25.36 d ε - 82Rb
83Sr syn 1.35 d ε - 83Rb
β+ 1.23 83Rb
γ 0.76, 0.36 -
84Sr 0.56% 84Sr is stable with 46 neutrons
85Sr syn 64.84 d ε - 85Rb
γ 0.514D -
86Sr 9.86% 86Sr is stable with 48 neutrons
87Sr 7.0% 87Sr is stable with 49 neutrons
88Sr 82.58% 88Sr is stable with 50 neutrons
89Sr syn 50.52 d ε 1.49 89Rb
β 0.909D 89Y
90Sr trace 28.90 y β 0.546 90Y
| references

ଷ୍ଟ୍ରୋନ୍‌ସିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Srପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୮ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. P. Colarusso; et al. (1996). "High-Resolution Infrared Emission Spectrum of Strontium Monofluoride" (PDF). J. Molecular Spectroscopy. 175: 158. doi:10.1006/jmsp.1996.0019.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)

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