ଟିଟାନିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(Titanium ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Titanium,  22Ti
Titan-crystal bar.JPG
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକtitanium, Ti
Appearancesilvery grey-white metallic
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /tˈtniəm/
ty-TAY-nee-əm
Titanium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

Ti

Zr
scandiumtitaniumvanadium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)22
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 4, d-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  transition metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)47.867(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Ar] 3d2 4s2
per shell
2, 8, 10, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ1941 K ​(1668 °C, ​3034 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ3560 K ​(3287 °C, ​5949 °F)
Density near r.t.4.506 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.4.11 g/cm3
Heat of fusion14.15 kJ/mol
Heat of 425 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.060 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1982 2171 (2403) 2692 3064 3558
Atomic properties
Oxidation states4, 3, 2, 1[୧]amphoteric oxide
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.54
energies
(more)
Atomic radiusempirical: 147 pm
Covalent radius160±8 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for titanium
Speed of sound thin rod5,090 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion8.6 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity21.9 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity420 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus116 GPa
Shear modulus44 GPa
Bulk modulus110 GPa
Poisson ratio0.32
Mohs hardness6.0
Vickers hardness970 MPa
Brinell hardness716 MPa
CAS Number7440-32-6
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରWilliam Gregor (1791)
First isolationJöns Jakob Berzelius (1825)
Named byMartin Heinrich Klaproth (1795)
Most stable isotopes of titanium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
44Ti syn 63 y ε - 44Sc
γ 0.07D, 0.08D -
46Ti 8.0% 46Ti is stable with 24 neutrons
47Ti 7.3% 47Ti is stable with 25 neutrons
48Ti 73.8% 48Ti is stable with 26 neutrons
49Ti 5.5% 49Ti is stable with 27 neutrons
50Ti 5.4% 50Ti is stable with 28 neutrons
| references

ଟିଟାନିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Tiପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୨୨ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Andersson, N.; et al. (2003). "Emission spectra of TiH and TiD near 938 nm" (PDF). J. Chem. Phys. 118: 10543. Bibcode:2003JChPh.118.3543A. doi:10.1063/1.1539848.CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link)

ସହାୟକ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Barksdale, Jelks (1968). "Titanium". In Clifford A. Hampel (editor). The Encyclopedia of the Chemical Elements. New York: Reinhold Book Corporation. pp. 732–738. LCCN 68-29938.CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
  • Emsley, John (2001). "Titanium". Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850340-7.
  • Flower, Harvey M. (2000). "Materials Science: A moving oxygen story". Nature. 407 (6802): 305–306. doi:10.1038/35030266. PMID 11014169.
  • Greenwood, N. N. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]