କ୍ଲୋରିନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Chlorine,  17Cl
Chlorine ampoule.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ chlorine, Cl
Appearance pale yellow-green gas
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈklɔərn/ klohr-een
or /ˈklɔərɪn/ klohr-ən
Chlorine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
F

Cl

Br
sulfurchlorineargon
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 17
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 17 (halogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 3
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   halogen
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 35.45(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p5
per shell
2, 8, 7
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 171.6 K ​(-101.5 °C, ​-150.7 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 239.11 K ​(-34.04 °C, ​-29.27 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 3.2 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 1.5625[୧] g/cm3
Critical point 416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion (Cl2) 6.406 kJ/mol
Heat of (Cl2) 20.41 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (Cl2)
33.949 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1 ​strongly acidic oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.16
energies
(more)
Covalent radius 102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for chlorine
Speed of sound (gas, 0 °C) 206 m/s
Thermal conductivity 8.9 × 10−୩  W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity > 10  Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୨]
CAS Number 7782-50-5
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
First isolation Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
Recognized as an element by Humphry Davy (1808)
Most stable isotopes of chlorine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
35Cl 75.77% 35Cl is stable with 18 neutrons
36Cl trace 3.01×105 y β 0.709 36Ar
ε - 36S
37Cl 24.23% 37Cl is stable with 20 neutrons
| references

କ୍ଳୋରିନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Chlorine) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Cl ଓ ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୭ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଶିଳ୍ପ ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପରିଷ୍କାର ଓ ପରିଚ୍ଛନତା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୁଦ୍ଧ କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଥମ ବିଶ୍ଵଯୁଦ୍ଧ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇରାକ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସ୍ୱାସ୍ଥ୍ୟ ଉପରେ ପ୍ରଭାବ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Greenwood, Norman N; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2 ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. 
  • Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils and Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-352651-5. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]