ଫ୍ଲୋରିନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Fluorine,  9F
Small sample of pale yellow liquid fluorine condensed in liquid nitrogen
Liquid fluorine at cryogenic temperatures
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ fluorine, F
Appearance gas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: transparent (beta), opaque (alpha)
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈflʊərn/, /ˈflʊərɪn/, /ˈflɔərn/
Fluorine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

F

Cl
oxygenfluorineneon
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 9
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 17 (halogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 2
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   halogen
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) 18.9984032(5)[୧]
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [He] 2s2 2p5[୨]
per shell
2, 7
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 53.53 K ​(−219.62 °C, ​−363.32[୩] °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 85.03 K ​(−188.12 °C, ​−306.62[୩] °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 1.696[୪] g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 1.505[୫] g/cm3
Critical point 144.4 K, 5.215[୫] MPa
Heat of 6.51[୪] kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (Cp) (21.1 °C) 825[୫] J·mol−1·K−1
(Cv) (21.1 °C) 610[୫] J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
Atomic properties
Oxidation states −1 ​oxidizes oxygen
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.98[୨]
energies
(more)
Covalent radius 64[୬] pm
Van der Waals radius 135[୭] pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure cubic
Cubic crystal structure for fluorine

the structure refers to solid fluorine, just below the melting point, 1 atm[୮]
Thermal conductivity 0.02591[୯] W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୧୦]
CAS Number 7782-41-4[୨]
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର André-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolation Henri Moissan[୨] (June 26, 1886)
Named by Humphry Davy
Most stable isotopes of fluorine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
18F trace 109.77 min β+ (96.9%) 0.634 18O
ε (3.1%) 1.656 18O
19F 100% 19F is stable with 10 neutrons
reference[୧୧]
| references

ଫ୍ଲୋରିନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: fluorine) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Fପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୯ ଅଟେ । ଏହା ସବୁଠାରୁ ହାଲୁକା ହାଲୋଜେନ

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପରମାଣବିକ ସଂରଚନା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଣବିକ ସଂରଚନା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପତି ଓ ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିଶ୍ଵରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପୃଥିବୀରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିପଦ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Wieser, Michael E.; Coplen, Tyler B. (2010). "Atomic weights of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 83: 359–396. doi:10.1351/PAC-REP-10-09-14. 
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ ୨.୨ ୨.୩ Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 1.
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ Dean 1999, p. 3.29.
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 2.
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ Compressed Gas Association (1999). Handbook of compressed gases. Springer. p. 365. ISBN 9780412782305. 
  6. Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  7. Kim, Sung-Hoon (2006). Functional dyes. Elsevier. p. 257. ISBN 9780444521767. 
  8. Young, David A. (2011-06-10). Phase Diagrams of the Elements (Report). Springer. p. 10. http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/4010212-0BbwUC/4010212.pdfaccess. 
  9. Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  10. Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  11. Chiste, V.; Be, M. M. (2006). "F-18" (PDF). Table de radionucleides. Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]