କ୍ରିପ୍‌ଟନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Krypton,  36Kr
Krypton discharge tube.jpg
Krypton Spectrum.jpg
Spectral lines of krypton
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ krypton, Kr
Appearance colorless gas, exhibiting a whitish glow in a high electric field
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈkrɪptɒn/ krip-ton
Krypton in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Ar

Kr

Xe
brominekryptonrubidium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 36
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 18 (noble gases), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   noble gas
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) 83.798
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
per shell
2, 8, 18, 8
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 115.79 K ​(-157.36 °C, ​-251.25 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 119.93 K ​(-153.22 °C, ​-244.12 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 3.749 g/L
when liquid, at b.p. 2.413[୧] g/cm3
Triple point 115.775 K, ​73.2 kPa [୨]
Critical point 209.41 K, 5.50 MPa
Heat of fusion 1.64 kJ/mol
Heat of 9.08 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 59 65 74 84 99 120
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 2, 1, 0
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.00
Covalent radius 116±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 202 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Cubic face-centered crystal structure for krypton
Speed of sound (gas, 23 °C) 220, (liquid) 1120 m/s
Thermal conductivity 9.43×10-3  W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୩]
CAS Number 7439-90-9
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
First isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
Most stable isotopes of krypton
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
78Kr 0.35% >1.1×1020 y β+β+ 2.846 78Se
79Kr syn 35.04 h ε - 79Br
β+ 0.604 79Br
γ 0.26, 0.39, 0.60 -
80Kr 2.25% 80Kr is stable with 44 neutrons
81Kr trace 2.29×105 y ε - 81Br
γ 0.281 -
82Kr 11.6% 82Kr is stable with 46 neutrons
83Kr 11.5% 83Kr is stable with 47 neutrons
84Kr 57.0% 84Kr is stable with 48 neutrons
85Kr syn 10.756 y β 0.687 85Rb
86Kr 17.3% 86Kr is stable with 50 neutrons
| references

କ୍ରିପ୍‌ଟନ (ଗ୍ରୀକ: κρυπτός କ୍ରିପ୍‌ଟସ୍ରୁ ଅସିଛି,ମାନେ "ଲୁଚି ରହିଥିବା ଜିନିଷ") ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Krପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୬ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Krypton. encyclopedia.airliquide.com
  2. "Section 4, Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th edition ed.). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. 2005. 
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]