ଭାନାଡ଼ିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(Vanadium ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Vanadium,  23V
Vanadium etched.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକvanadium, V
Appearanceblue-silver-grey metal
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /vəˈndiəm/
və-NAY-dee-əm
Vanadium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

V

Nb
titaniumvanadiumchromium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)23
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 5, d-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  transition metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)50.9415(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Ar] 3d3 4s2
per shell
2, 8, 11, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ2183 K ​(1910 °C, ​3470 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ3680 K ​(3407 °C, ​6165 °F)
Density near r.t.6.0 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.5.5 g/cm3
Heat of fusion21.5 kJ/mol
Heat of 459 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.89 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2101 2289 2523 2814 3187 3679
Atomic properties
Oxidation states5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1amphoteric oxide
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.63
energies
(more)
Atomic radiusempirical: 134 pm
Covalent radius153±8 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for vanadium
Speed of sound thin rod4560 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion8.4 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity30.7 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity197 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus128 GPa
Shear modulus47 GPa
Bulk modulus160 GPa
Poisson ratio0.37
Mohs hardness6.7
CAS Number7440-62-2
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରAndrés Manuel del Río (1801)
First isolationNils Gabriel Sefström (1830)
Named byNils Gabriel Sefström (1830)
Most stable isotopes of vanadium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
48V syn 15.9735 d β+ 4.0123 48Ti
49V syn 330 d ε 0.6019 49Ti
50V 0.25% 1.5×1017y ε 2.2083 50Ti
β 1.0369 50Cr
51V 99.75% 51V is stable with 28 neutrons
| references

ଭାନାଡ଼ିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ V ଓ ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୨୩ ଅଟେ ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୌଗିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Slebodnick, Carla; et al. (1999). "Modeling the Biological Chemistry of Vanadium: Structural and Reactivity Studies Elucidating Biological Function". In Hill, Hugh A.O. et al. (eds.). Metal sites in proteins and models: phosphatases, Lewis acids, and vanadium. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-65553-4. Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (help); Explicit use of et al. in: |editors= (help)CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)

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