ଆଲୁମିନିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Aluminium,  13Al
Aluminium-4.jpg
Aluminum Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of aluminium
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ aluminium, Al
Appearance silvery gray metallic
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ

UK /ˌæljʊˈmɪniəm/
al-ew-min-ee-əm;

US /əˈljmɪnəm/
ə-lew-mi-nəm
Aluminium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
B

Al

Ga
magnesiumaluminiumsilicon
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 13
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 13, p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 3
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   post-transition metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) ୨୬.୯୮୧୩୮୬(13)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p1
per shell
2, 8, 3
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 933.47 K ​(660.32 °C, ​1220.58 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 2792 K ​(2519 °C, ​4566 °F)
Density near r.t. 2.70 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 2.375 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 10.71 kJ/mol
Heat of 294.0 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 24.200 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1482 1632 1817 2054 2364 2790
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 3, 2[୧], 1[୨]amphoteric oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.61
energies
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 143 pm
Covalent radius ୧୨୧± pm
Van der Waals radius 184 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for aluminium
Speed of sound thin rod (rolled) 5,000 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 23.1 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 237 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 28.2 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[୩]
Young's modulus 70 GPa
Shear modulus 26 GPa
Bulk modulus 76 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.35
Mohs hardness 2.75
Vickers hardness 167 MPa
Brinell hardness 245 MPa
CAS Number 7429-90-5
ଇତିହାସ
Prediction Antoine Lavoisier[୪] (1787)
First isolation Friedrich Wöhler[୪] (1827)
Named by Humphry Davy[୪] (1807)
Most stable isotopes of aluminium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
26Al trace ୭.୧୭×୧୦yr β+ 1.17 26Mg
ε - 26Mg
γ 1.8086 -
27Al 100% 27Al is stable with 14 neutrons
| references

ଆଲୁମିନିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Alପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୩ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Aluminium monoxide
  2. Aluminium iodide
  3. Lide, D. R. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". [[CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]] (PDF) (81st ed.). CRC Press. ISBN 0849304814.  Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ ୪.୨ "Aluminum". Los Alamos National Laboratory. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]