କ୍ଲୋରିନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(କ୍ଳୋରିନ ରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Chlorine,  17Cl
Chlorine ampoule.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକchlorine, Cl
Appearancepale yellow-green gas
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈklɔərn/ KLOHR-een
or /ˈklɔərɪn/ KLOHR-ən
Chlorine in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
F

Cl

Br
sulfurchlorineargon
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)17
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 17 (halogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 3
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  halogen
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)35.45(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Ne] 3s2 3p5
per shell
2, 8, 7
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାgas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ171.6 K ​(-101.5 °C, ​-150.7 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ239.11 K ​(-34.04 °C, ​-29.27 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa)3.2 g/L
when liquid, at b.p.1.5625[୧] g/cm3
Critical point416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion(Cl2) 6.406 kJ/mol
Heat of (Cl2) 20.41 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(Cl2)
33.949 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
Atomic properties
Oxidation states7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1 ​strongly acidic oxide
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.16
energies
(more)
Covalent radius102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for chlorine
Speed of sound(gas, 0 °C) 206 m/s
Thermal conductivity8.9 × 10−୩  W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity> 10  Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୨]
CAS Number7782-50-5
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରCarl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
First isolationCarl Wilhelm Scheele (1774)
Recognized as an element byHumphry Davy (1808)
Most stable isotopes of chlorine
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
35Cl 75.77% 35Cl is stable with 18 neutrons
36Cl trace 3.01×105 y β 0.709 36Ar
ε - 36S
37Cl 24.23% 37Cl is stable with 20 neutrons
| references

କ୍ଳୋରିନ (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Chlorine) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Cl ଓ ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୭ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଶିଳ୍ପ ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପରିଷ୍କାର ଓ ପରିଚ୍ଛନତା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଯୁଦ୍ଧ କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଥମ ବିଶ୍ୱଯୁଦ୍ଧ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇରାକ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସ୍ୱାସ୍ଥ୍ୟ ଉପରେ ପ୍ରଭାବ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Chlorine, Gas Encyclopaedia, Air Liquide
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Greenwood, Norman N (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2 ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. Unknown parameter |coauthor= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Wiberg, Egon (2001). Inorganic Chemistry. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-352651-5. Unknown parameter |coauthor= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]