ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox hydrogen

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Hydrogen,  1H
Hydrogen discharge tube.jpg
Purple glow in its plasma state
Hydrogen Spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of hydrogen
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ hydrogen, H
Appearance colorless gas
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈhdrəən/ hy-drə-jən[୧]
Hydrogen in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


- ← hydrogenhelium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 1
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 1, s-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 1
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   nonmetal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar) 1.008(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ 1s1
per shell
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 14.01 K ​(-259.14 °C, ​-434.45 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 20.28 K ​(-252.87 °C, ​-423.17 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa) 0.08988 g/L
when liquid, at m.p. 0.07 (0.0763 solid)[୨] g/cm3
when liquid, at b.p. 0.07099 g/cm3
Triple point 13.8033 K, ​7.042 kPa
Critical point 32.97 K, 1.293 MPa
Heat of fusion (H2) 0.117 kJ/mol
Heat of (H2) 0.904 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (H2) 28.836 J/(mol·K)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 1, -1 ​amphoteric oxide
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.20
Covalent radius 31±5 pm
Van der Waals radius 120 pm
Crystal structure hexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for hydrogen
Speed of sound (gas, 27 °C) 1310 m/s
Thermal conductivity 0.1805 W/(m·K)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୩]
CAS Number 1333-74-0
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Henry Cavendish[୪][୫] (1766)
Named by Antoine Lavoisier[୬] (1783)
Most stable isotopes of hydrogen
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He
| references


These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (୧୯୮୯). "Hydrogen". Oxford English Dictionary (୨nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN ୦-୧୯-୮୬୧୨୧୯-୨. 
  2. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (୨୦୦୧). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. ୨୪୦. ISBN ୦୧୨୩୫୨୬୫୧୫. 
  3. "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". &#୯୧;&#୯୧;CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics&#୯୩;&#୯୩; (PDF) (୮୧st ed.). CRC Press.  Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)
  4. "Hydrogen". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wylie-Interscience. 2005. pp. 797–799. ISBN 0-471-61525-0. 
  5. Emsley, John (୨୦୦୧). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. ୧୮୩–୧୯୧. ISBN ୦-୧୯-୮୫୦୩୪୧-୫. 
  6. Stwertka, Albert (୧୯୯୬). A Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. ୧୬–୨୧. ISBN ୦-୧୯-୫୦୮୦୮୩-୧.