ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox Europium

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Europium,  63Eu
Europium.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକeuropium, Eu
Appearancesilvery white, but rarely seen without oxide discoloration
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /jʊˈrpiəm/
ew-ROH-pee-əm
Europium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

Eu

Am
samariumeuropiumgadolinium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)63
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 6
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  lanthanide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar)151.964
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Xe] 4f7 6s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 25, 8, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ1099 K ​(826 °C, ​1519 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ1802 K ​(1529 °C, ​2784 °F)
Density near r.t.5.264 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.5.13 g/cm3
Heat of fusion9.21 kJ/mol
Heat of 176 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity27.66 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 863 957 1072 1234 1452 1796
Atomic properties
Oxidation states3, 2, 1
(mildly basic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: ? 1.2
Atomic radiusempirical: 180 pm
Covalent radius198±6 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for europium
Thermal expansion(r.t.) (poly)
35.0 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivityest. 13.9 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity(r.t.) (poly) 0.900 µ Ω·m
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic[୧]
Young's modulus18.2 GPa
Shear modulus7.9 GPa
Bulk modulus8.3 GPa
Poisson ratio0.152
Vickers hardness167 MPa
CAS Number7440-53-1
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରEugène-Anatole Demarçay (1896)
First isolationEugène-Anatole Demarçay (1901)
Most stable isotopes of europium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
150Eu syn 36.9 y ε 2.261 150Sm
151Eu 47.8% 5×1018 y α 1.9644 147Pm
152Eu syn 13.516 y ε 1.874 152Sm
β 1.819 152Gd
153Eu 52.2% 153Eu is stable with 90 neutrons
| references

References

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.