ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox Arsenic

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
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Arsenic,  33As
Arsen 1a.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକarsenic, As
Appearancemetallic grey
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈɑrsɪnɪk/ AR-sə-nik,
also /ɑrˈsɛnɪk/ ar-SEN-ik when attributive
Arsenic in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
P

As

Sb
germaniumarsenicselenium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)33
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 15 (pnictogens), p-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 4
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  metalloid
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)74.92160(2)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ[Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p3
per shell
2, 8, 18, 5
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାsolid
Sublimation point887 K ​(615 °C, ​1137 °F)
Density near r.t.5.727 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.5.22 g/cm3
Triple point1090 K, ​3628[୧] kPa
Critical point1673 K, ? MPa
Heat of fusion(grey) 24.44 kJ/mol
Heat of ? 34.76 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.64 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 553 596 646 706 781 874
Atomic properties
Oxidation states5, 3, 2, 1,[୨] -3 ​mildly acidic oxide
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.18
energies
(more)
Atomic radiusempirical: 119 pm
Covalent radius119±4 pm
Van der Waals radius185 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structuretrigonal[୩]
Simple trigonal crystal structure for arsenic
Thermal conductivity50.2 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity333 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୪]
Young's modulus8 GPa
Bulk modulus22 GPa
Mohs hardness3.5
Brinell hardness1440 MPa
CAS Number7440-38-2
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରEarly Bronze Age (2500 BC)
First isolationAlbertus Magnus (1250)
Most stable isotopes of arsenic
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
73As syn 80.3 d ε - 73Ge
γ 0.05D, 0.01D, e -
74As syn 17.78 d ε - 74Ge
β+ 0.941 74Ge
γ 0.595, 0.634 -
β 1.35, 0.717 74Se
75As 100% 75As is stable with 42 neutrons
| references

References

  1. Gokcen, N. A (1989). "The As (arsenic) system". Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams. 10: 11–22. doi:10.1007/BF02882166.
  2. Ellis, Bobby D. (2004). "Stabilized Arsenic(I) Iodide: A Ready Source of Arsenic Iodide Fragments and a Useful Reagent for the Generation of Clusters". Inorganic Chemistry. 43: 5981. doi:10.1021/ic049281s. |first2= missing |last2= in Authors list (help)
  3. Arsenic, mindat.org
  4. editor-in-chief, David R. Lide. (2000). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (81 ed.). CRC press. ISBN 0849304814.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)