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ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷା

(English languageରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)

ଅଞ୍ଚଳ(see below)
ପ୍ରକାଶନରେ ଅସୁବିଧା: ଅଜଣା ଚିହ୍ନ "୨" ।[୨]
L2: ≈ 250 million (2001)[୨]
to ≈ 1.8 billion (2004)[୩]
English alphabet (Latin script)
ଆଧିକାରିକ ସ୍ଥିତି
କେଉଁଠି ରାଜଭାଷା:
54 countries
27 non-sovereign entities
United Nations
European Union
Commonwealth of Nations
Council of Europe
UKUSA Agreement
ଭାଷା କୋଡ୍
ISO ୬୩୯-୧en
ISO ୬୩୯-୨eng
ISO ୬୩୯-୩eng
  Countries where English is an official or de facto official language, or national language, and is spoken fluently by the majority of the population
  Countries where it is an official but not primary language
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ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷା ଏକ ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀୟ ଭାଷା । ଏହା ଇଂଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ୍ ଆରମ୍ଭ ହୋଇ ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନ ସାରା ବିଶ୍ୱରେ ବହୁଳ ମାତ୍ରାରେ ବ୍ୟବହାର ହେଉଛି ।[୪] ଏହା ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ, ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା, କ୍ୟାନାଡା, ଅସ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ, ଆୟର୍ଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ୍, ନିଉଜିଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ୍ ଓ ଅନେକ କ୍ୟାରିବିଆନ୍ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ସମେତ ଆହୁରି ଅନେକ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରରେ ପ୍ରଥମ ଭାଷା ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଇଥାଏ ।




ଭୋଗୋଳିକ ବଣ୍ଟନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାରକାରୀ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Country Total Percent of population First language As an additional language Population Comment
United States ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା ୨୫୧,୩୮୮,୩୦୧ ୯୬% ୨୧୫,୪୨୩,୫୫୭ ୩୫,୯୬୪,୭୪୪ ୨୬୨,୩୭୫,୧୫୨ Source: US Census 2000: Language Use and English-Speaking Ability: 2000, Table 1. Figure for second language speakers are respondents who reported they do not speak English at home but know it "very well" or "well". Note: figures are for population age 5 and older
India ଭାରତ ୧୨୫,୩୪୪,୭୩୫ ୧୨% ୨୨୬,୪୪୯ ୮୬,୧୨୫,୨୨୧ second language speakers.
୩୮,୯୯୩,୦୬୬ third language speakers
୧,୦୨୮,୭୩୭,୪୩୬ Figures include both those who speak English as a second language and those who speak it as a third language. 2001 figures.[୫][୬] The figures include English speakers, but not English users.[୭]
Pakistan ପାକିସ୍ତାନ ୮୮,୬୯୦,୦୦୦ ୪୯% ୮୮,୬୯୦,୦୦୦ ୧୮୦,୪୪୦,୦୦୫ Source: Euromonitor International report 2009. "The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Cameroon,Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan." 'A custom report compiled by Euromonitor International for the British Council'.
ନାଇଜେରିଆ ୭୯,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ ୫୩% ୪,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ >୭୫,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ ୧୪୮,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ Figures are for speakers of Nigerian Pidgin, an English-based pidgin or creole. Ihemere gives a range of roughly 3 to 5 million native speakers; the midpoint of the range is used in the table. Ihemere, Kelechukwu Uchechukwu. 2006. "A Basic Description and Analytic Treatment of Noun Clauses in Nigerian Pidgin. Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine." Nordic Journal of African Studies 15(3): 296–313.
United Kingdom ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ ୫୯,୬୦୦,୦୦୦ ୯୮% ୫୮,୧୦୦,୦୦୦ ୧,୫୦୦,୦୦୦ ୬୦,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
Philippines ଫିଲିପାଇନ୍ସ ୪୮,୮୦୦,୦୦୦ ୫୮%[୮] ୩,୪୨୭,୦୦୦[୮] ୪୩,୯୭୪,୦୦୦ ୮୪,୫୬୬,୦୦୦ Total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English. Native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew González in The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487–525. (1998). Ethnologue lists 3.4 million native speakers with 52% of the population speaking it as an additional language.[୮]
Canada କାନାଡ଼ା ୨୫,୨୪୬,୨୨୦ ୮୫% ୧୭,୬୯୪,୮୩୦ ୭,୫୫୧,୩୯୦ ୨୯,୬୩୯,୦୩୦ Source: 2001 Census – Knowledge of Official Languages Archived 2018-10-16 at the Wayback Machine. and Mother Tongue Archived 2018-10-16 at the Wayback Machine.. The native speakers figure comprises 122,660 people with both French and English as a mother tongue, plus 17,572,170 people with English and not French as a mother tongue.
Australia ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ ୧୮,୧୭୨,୯୮୯ ୯୨% ୧୫,୫୮୧,୩୨୯ ୨,୫୯୧,୬୬୦ ୧୯,୮୫୫,୨୮୮ Source: 2006 Census.[୯] The figure shown in the first language English speakers column is actually the number of Australian residents who speak only English at home. The additional language column shows the number of other residents who claim to speak English "well" or "very well". Another 5% of residents did not state their home language or English proficiency.
ନ୍ୟୁଜିଲାଣ୍ଡ ୩,୬୭୩,୬୨୬ ୯୧.୨% ୩,୦୦୮,୦୫୮ ୬୬୫,୫୬୮ ୪,୦୨୭,୯୪୭ Source: 2006 Census.[୧୦] The figures are people who can speak English with sufficient fluency to hold an everyday conversation. The figure shown in the first language English speakers column is actually the number of New Zealand residents who reported to speak English only, while the additional language column shows the number of New Zealand residents who reported to speak English as one of two or more languages.
Note: Total = First language + Other language; Percentage = Total / Population

ଅଧିକ ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  1. English Adjective Archived 2011-10-09 at the Wayback Machine. – Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary – Oxford University Press ©2010.
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ The Triumph of English, The Economist, 20 December 2001
  3. "Lecture 7: World-Wide English". EHistLing. Archived from the original on 1 April 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. seth mydans (14 may 2007)"across cultures english is a word" New York Times . Retrieved 21 September 2011
  5. Table C-17: Population by Bilingualism and trilingualism, 2001 Census of India [୧]
  6. Tropf, Herbert S. 2004. India and its Languages Archived 2008-03-08 at the Wayback Machine.. Siemens AG, Munich
  7. For the distinction between "English Speakers" and "English Users", see: TESOL-India (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages). Their article explains the difference between the 350 million number mentioned in a previous version of this Wikipedia article and a more plausible 90 million number:

    Wikipedia's India estimate of 350 million includes two categories – "English Speakers" and "English Users". The distinction between the Speakers and Users is that Users only know how to read English words while Speakers know how to read English, understand spoken English as well as form their own sentences to converse in English. The distinction becomes clear when you consider the China numbers. China has over 200~350 million users that can read English words but, as anyone can see on the streets of China, only handful of million who are English speakers.

  8. ୮.୦ ୮.୧ ୮.୨ "Ethnologue report for Philippines". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  9. "Australian Bureau of Statistics". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Archived from the original on 16 August 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  10. "2006 Census Data - QuickStats About Culture and Identity - Tables". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2012.

ଅଧିକ ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]