କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ , ଭାରତ

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ଭାରତୀୟ  କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ସବୁ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ପ୍ରଥମ ବେସରକାରୀ ଉଦ୍ୟୋଗ ସ୍ଥାପିତ ଓ ପରିଚାଳିତ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ।[୧] ଭାରତରେ ପ୍ରଥମ କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ହେଲା କଲିକତା ମେଟ୍ରୋ । ଏହା 1984 ମସିହାରେ ଆରଭ ହେଇଥିଲା । ଦିଲ୍ଲୀ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ଭାରତରେ ସର୍ବଧୁନିକ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ଏବଂ କଲିକତା ଓ ଚେନ୍ନଇ ପରେ ତୃତୀୟ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ।  ଏହା 2002 ମସିହାରେ ଆରଭ ହେଇଥିଲା । ଗୁରୁଗାଁ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ 2013 ନଭେମ୍ବରରେ ଆରମ୍ଭ ହେଇଥିଲା ଯାହା ଭାରତର ପ୍ରଥମ ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ ବେସରକାରୀ ମାଲିକାନାରେ ରହିଛି ।[୧] ଭାରତର ପ୍ରଥମ ମୋନୋରେଲ 7 ଫେବ୍ରୁଆରି , 2014ରେ ମୁମ୍ବାଇ ହାରେ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକାରୀ ହେଲା । ଅବଶ୍ୟ ଏହା ପୂର୍ବରୁ 1927 ମସିହାରେ ପଟିଆଲା ରାଜ୍ୟ ମୋନୋରେଲ ଟ୍ରେନ ଚଳୁଥିଲା ଓ ପରେ ତାହା ବନ୍ଧ ହେଇଯାଇଥିଲା । 

2006 ମସିହାରେ ଜାତୀୟ ସହର  ପରିବହନ ପଲିଶି ଅନୁସାରେ 20 ଲକ୍ଷ୍[୨]ରୁ ଅଧିକ ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା ବିଶିଷ୍ଟ ସବୁ ସହରରେ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକାରୀ କରିବାକୁ ନିସ୍ପତି ନିଆ ଯାଇଥିଲା । 11 ଅଗଷ୍ଟ ,2014ରେ କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ସହରାଞ୍ଚଳ ଉନ୍ନୟନ ମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ 1 ମିଲିୟନରୁ ଅଧିକ ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା ଥିବା ସବୁ ଶଅରରେ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ [୩][୪]ପାଇଁ ଆର୍ଥିକ ଅନୁଦାନ ଦେବା ପାଇଁ ଘୋଷଣା କରିଥିଲେ । ସେହି ଆକଳନ ଅନୁସାରେ ଭାରତର 50ଟି ସହରରେ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ ବ୍ୟବସ୍ଥା କରିବା ପାଇଁ ପ୍ରସ୍ତାବ ରହିଛି । ଏହି ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ସବୁ ସରକାର ଓ ବେସରକାରୀ ପ୍ରତିଷ୍ଠାନର ସମ ପରିମାଣ ସହଭାଗିତା ଭିତ୍ତିରେ ହେବାପାଇଁ ନିର୍ଣୟ ହେଇ ଏଥିପାଇଁ କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ସରକାର ପାଞ୍ଚ ଲକ୍ଷ୍ୟ କୋଟି[୫][୬] ତାଙ୍କର ଉପଯୋଗ କରିବାକୁ ସହମତି ଦେଇଛନ୍ତି । ବର୍ତମାନ ସୁଦ୍ଧା ଭାରତରେ 15ଟି ସହରରେ କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ସୁବିଧା ରହିଥିବା ବେଳେ ଅନ୍ୟ କେତେକ ସହରରେ ନିର୍ମାଣାଧୀନ ରହିଛି । [୭][୮]

ବସ କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ନିମ୍ମ ସାରଣୀରେ ଭାରତରେ ଥିବା ବସ କ୍ଷିପ୍ର ଯାତାୟାତ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ (Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS))ର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କାରିତା ଉପରେ ଦର୍ଶା ଯାଇଛି 

System City Start of Operations System Lines System Length (KM) Stations
Ahmedabad BRTS Ahmedabad 2009 October 14 12 87 126
Indore BRTS Indore 2013 10 126.46 N/A
Jaipur BRTS Jaipur 2010 July 2
Rainbow BRTS Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad 2006 December 4 23.6
Rajkot BRTS Rajkot 2012 October 1 1 63 19
Surat BRTS Surat 2014 January 26 2 114 148
Vijayawada BRTS Vijayawada 2011
Amritsar BRTS Amritsar 2015 November 7(phase 1) 31 62
Bhopal BRTS Bhopal 10 186 230
Bhubaneswar BRTS Bhubaneswar 2015 2 66.32 TBD
Bangalore BRTS Bangalore 14 282
Raipur and Naya Raipur BRTS Raipur and New Raipur 2016 Nov 1 2 60 10
Hubli-Dharwad BRTS Hubli, Dharwad 2014 2 70 33
Kolkata BRTS Kolkata 1 15.5
Jodhpur BRTS Jodhpur 2016 January 15
Ludhiana BRTS Ludhiana 48
Mumbai BRTS Mumbai 2014 1 11.7
Visakhapatnam BRTS Vishakhapatnam 42
Chennai BRTS Chennai 1 70.3 21
Coimbatore BRTS Coimbatore 1 27.6
Hyderabad BRTS Hyderabad 2 39
Lucknow BRTS Lucknow
Madurai BRTS Madurai 2
Mysore BRTS Mysore
Tiruchirappalli BRTS Tiruchirappalli 4 112
Guwahati BRTS[୯] Guwahati
Pimpri-Chinchwad BRTS Pimpri-Chinchwad 4 112
Delhi BRTS Delhi 2008 7 115.5
  • White background In service
  • Green background Under construction
  • Blue background In planning
  • Yellow background Proposed but not planned
  • Pink background Defunct
  • Ahmedabad BRTS

  • Jaipur BRTS

  • Pune BRTS

ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବର୍ତମାନ 8ଟି ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ଆରମ୍ଭ ହେଇଯାଇଛି । ସେପ୍ଟେମ୍ବର 2016 ସୁଦ୍ଧା 324 କିଲୋମିଟର ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ ଲାଇନ ସମ୍ପୂର୍ଣ ହେଇଥିବା ବେଳେ ଅନନ୍ୟ 520 କିଲୋମିଟରର  ନିର୍ମାଣ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ଚାଲିଛି [୧୦]


ଦୁଇ ପ୍ରକାର ଗଜର ଲାଇନ ଥିଲେ ମଧ୍ୟ କେବଳ ଅହମଦାବାଦ ଛଡା ଅନନ୍ୟ ଜାଗାରେ ନିୟମିତ ଗଜ ଲାଇନ ନିର୍ମିତ ହେଇଛି । ଅହମଦାବାଦରେ ବ୍ରଡ ଗଜର ବ୍ୟବହାର ହେଇଛି । [୧୧]

  • White background In service
  • Green background Under construction
  • Blue background In planning
  • Yellow background Proposed but not planned
  • Pink background Defunct
City System Start of operations System Length (km) Lines[a] Stations[b] Traction Notes
IO[c] Planned[d] UC[e]
Kolkata Kolkata Metro 24 October 1984 27.22 km 120.25 km 90 km 1 24 750 V DC Third rail First mass rapid transit system in India and the 17th zone of the Indian Railways.
Chennai Chennai MRTS 1 November 1995 19.34 km 24.235 km 4.5 km 1 17 25kV AC OHE It is planned for the MRTS to be taken over by the Chennai Metro Rail Limited.[୧୨]
Delhi NCR Delhi Metro 24 December 2002 213 km 126.547 km [୧୩] 122.205 km [୧୩] 6 160 25kV AC OHE India's first modern rapid transit system.
Bangalore Namma Metro 20 October 2011 31.52 km 72 km 10.78 km 2 30 750 V DC Third rail First metro in India to introduce Wi-Fi onboard trains.[୧୪]
Gurgaon Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon 14 November 2013 5.1 km 7 km [୧୫] 1 6 750 V DC Third rail India's first fully privately financed metro,[୧୬] and the first metro system in the country to auction naming rights for its stations.[୧୭]
Mumbai Mumbai Metro 8 June 2014 11.4 km 105.5 km[୧୮][୧୯] 1 12 25kV AC OHE
Jaipur Jaipur Metro 3 June 2015 9.63 km 32.5 km 2.4 km 1 9 25kV AC OHE Double-storey elevated road and Metro track project for the first time in the country.
Chennai Chennai Metro 29 June 2015 19.34 km 104.4 km 26.67 km 2 13 25kV AC OHE First metro rail in the country to have tracks without stones and underground stations with sliding doors. Chennai Metro to create transit hubs - First of its kind in the country.
Lucknow Lucknow Metro March 2017[୨୦] 36 km 25kV AC OHE
Kochi Kochi Metro April 2017[୨୧] 25.6 km 18 km 1 23 750 V DC Third rail Kochi is the first Tier-II city in India to be granted a metro under the Central Government's plan to allow cities having population more than 20 lakhs to have a metro rail system.
Nagpur Nagpur Metro November 2017[୨୨] 38.2 km 2 36 25kV AC OHE Construction began on 30 May 2015.[୨୩]
Noida Noida Metro December 2017[୨୪] 29.7 km 1 22
Navi Mumbai Navi Mumbai Metro March 2018[୨୫] 106.4 km[୨୬] N/A
Hyderabad Hyderabad Metro December 2018[୨୭] 92 km 71.6 km 3 64 25kV AC OHE India's first metro to have CBTC and integrated telecommunications and supervision systems, i.e. driver less metro.
Ahmedabad & Gandhinagar Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad (MEGA) 2020[୨୮] 37.766 km[୨୯] 750 V DC Third rail Construction began on 15 March 2015.[୩୦]
Kanpur Kanpur Metro 2021 38 km 25 kv AC

OHE

First phase is expected to be completed by 2019. Construction began on 4 October 2016.[୩୧]
Meerut Meerut Metro 2021[୩୨] 30 km N/A DPR being prepared.[୩୩]
Patna Patna Metro 2021 60 km N/A DPR being prepared.[୩୪]
Vijayawada Vijayawada Metro 2018[୩୫][୩୬] 26 km[୩୭] N/A DPR Approved by AP Cabinet,Construction works are yet to start,First Phase scheduled to run from August 2018 [୩୮] Construction work starts by June 2015[୩୫][୩୯][୪୦][୪୧]
Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Light Metro 2027[୪୨] 22 km[୪୩] N/A DPR approved and submitted by DMRC; awaiting cabinet approval[୪୪]
Visakhapatnam Visakhapatnam Metro(Vizag Metro) 39 km N/A Construction of Phase-1 to be completed by December 2018.[୪୫] DPR prepared and to be submitted .[୩୫][୪୬][୪୭]
Kozhikode Kozhikode Light Metro 2025[୪୮] 22 km[୪୯] N/A DPR approved and submitted by DMRC on October 2014; awaiting cabinet approval[୫୦]
Guwahati Guwahati Metro 2021 44.2 km N/A DPR being prepared.[୯][୫୧]
Bhopal Bhopal Metro 2024[୫୨] 85 km[୫୩] 25kV AC DPR being prepared[୫୪]
Indore Indore Metro 2025[୫୫] 107 km 25kV AC DPR Approved, funds have also been granted by a Japanese company JICA, construction to begin from April 2016.
National Capital Region National Capital Region Metro 2025 381 km[୫୬] 25kV AC
Chandigarh Tricity Chandigarh Metro 2022[୫୭] 37.5 km N/A DPR already prepared and submitted[୫୮]
Agra Agra Metro 2028[୫୯] 27 km[୫୯] N/A DPR being prepared for submission[୬୦]
Varanasi Varanasi Metro 25 km[୬୧] N/A DPR awaiting approval from Union Cabinet.[୬୨]
Allahabad Allahabad Metro 25 km[୬୩] N/A DPR being prepared[୬୪]
Pune Pune Metro[୬୫]
Gwalior Gwalior Metro 2021 105 km N/A Construction to start in 2017[୬୬]
Bhubaneswar & Cuttack Bhubaneswar Metro 30 km[୬୭] N/A DPR being prepared[୬୮]
Dehradun - Rishikesh - Haridwar Dehradun Metro[୬୯] N/A DPR submitted[୭୦]
Surat Surat Metro N/A Under feasibility study by MEGA.[୭୧]
Nasik Greater Nasik Metro N/A Proposed Metro line which will connect Igatpuri, Deolali, Nasik Road, Nasik Central and Ojhar Airport.[୭୨]
Srinagar Srinagar Metro N/A
Mumbai Western railway elevated corridor 63.27 km N/A

1In operation Number of lines currently operating. Line is considered to be operating if services are running on at least one section.

2Planned Lines that are planned to b

ମୋନୋରେଲ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାରତର ଏକମାତ୍ର ମୋନୋରେଲ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ ମୁମ୍ବାଇରେ ପ୍ରଚାଳନ ହେଇଛି । [୭୩] ଅନ୍ୟ  କେତେକ ସହର ପାଇଁ ପ୍ରକଳ୍ପ କାମ ବିଭିନ୍ନ ସ୍ତରରେ ରହିଛି । 

  • White background In service
  • Green background Under construction
  • Blue background In planning
  • Yellow background Proposed but not planned
  • Pink background Defunct
City System Operations began System length (km) Lines Stations Notes
Mumbai Mumbai Monorail 2 February 2014 8.26 km 1 7
Chennai Chennai Monorail 2018 57 km 3 37 Centre approved Chennai monorail project to be implemented under DBFOT model.[୭୪][୭୫][୭୬][୭୭][୭୮]
Kolkata Kolkata Monorail 72 km 2
Coimbatore Coimbatore Monorail 2
Ranchi Ranchi Monorail 25 km 2 33
Allahabad Allahabad Monorail 70.4 km 2
Bangalore Bangalore Monorail 60 km
Delhi Delhi Monorail 90 km 6
Indore Indore Monorail
Kanpur Kanpur Monorail 63 km 3
Navi Mumbai Navi Mumbai Monorail 36.82 km 2
Patna Patna Monorail 32 km 4
Pune Pune Monorail 52 km 2
Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Monorail 30 km 4
Aizawl Aizawl Monorail
Jodhpur Jodhpur Monorail [୭୯][୮୦][୮୧][୮୨][୮୩][୮୪][୮୫]
Kota Kota Monorail [୭୯][୮୦][୮୧][୮୨][୮୩][୮୪][୮୫]
Nagpur Nagpur Monorail 50 km DPR is being Prepared[୮୬]
Nashik Nashik Monorail 130 km DPR is being Prepared

ହାଲୁକା ରେଳ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Green background for the systems that are under construction. Blue background for the systems that are currently in planning. Yellow background for other proposed systems but no planning yet. Pink background for systems that are defunct.

SN City System Opening Year System length (km) No. of lines
1 Kolkata Kolkata LRTS 2
2 Delhi Delhi Light Rail Transit 45 3
3 Pune Pune LRTS
4 Guwahati Guwahati LRTS 2025
5 Kozhikode Kozhikode Light Metro 2016
6 Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Light Metro 2019

ts.[୮୭]

ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ କୋଚ କାରଖାନା [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

BEML Ltd[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

BEML ବା ଭାରତ ଅର୍ଥ ମୁଭର ଲିମିଟେଡ ଜାପାନର ମିଶୁବିଶି କମ୍ପାନୀ ସହାୟତାରେ ମେଟ୍ରୋ ରେଳ ପାଇଁ କୋଚ ଓ ଅନନ୍ୟ ଯନ୍ତ୍ରପାତି ନିର୍ମାଣ କରେ । 

ପୁନଶ୍ଚ ଦେଖଣା [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • List of rapid transit systems
  • List of monorail systems
  • List of tram and light-rail transit systems
  • Skybus Metro
  • High-speed rail in India
  • Suburban rail in India

ଆଧାର ସମୂହ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. ୧.୦ ୧.୧ Rapid Metro work in last leg, to start by September
  2. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/surat/Feasibility-report-on-Surat-metro-soon/articleshow/47129186.cms
  3. http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/centre-to-aid-metro-projects-in-cities-with-10-lakh-people-114081100895_1.html
  4. http://smartcity.eletsonline.com/10-lakh-to-be-new-population-norm-for-metro-rail-projects/
  5. http://www.mydigitalfc.com/news/50-cities-get-metro-rails-rs-500000-cr-110
  6. http://www.railnews.co.in/50-cities-to-get-metro-rails-for-rs-500000-crore/
  7. http://m.timesofindia.com/city/mumbai/Maharashtra-CM-Prithivraj-Chavan-flags-off-Mumbai-Metro/articleshow/36238569.cms
  8. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/work-begins-on-nagpur-metro
  9. ୯.୦ ୯.୧ Empty citation (help)
  10. REPORTER, BS (21 September 2016). "324 Km of metro rail operational in India now, says Venkaiah Naidu". Business Standard India. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  11. "Ahmedabad Metro to be driverless, gets a nod for broad gauge". The Times Of India. 26 July 2013.
  12. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Chennai-Metro-rail-likely-to-take-over-MRTS/articleshow/39454072.cms
  13. ୧୩.୦ ୧୩.୧ http://www.delhimetrorail.com/OtherDocuments/EnglishAR201314Low.pdf
  14. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bangalore/NAMMA-METRO-IS-A-GEEK-TRAIN/articleshow/10372596.cms
  15. http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-newdelhi/rapid-metro-phaseii-chugs-on-the-fast-track/article7548594.ece
  16. Gurgaon metro link to be completed in 30 months The Times of India, 16 July 2009.
  17. http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/after-gurgaon-rapid-metro-mumbai-metro-goes-for-station-branding-114041600482_1.html
  18. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/now-a-rocky-delay-pushes-construction-to-oct-2015/
  19. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/states/maharashtra-govt-clears-metro-projects/article6618208.ece?ref=relatedNews
  20. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/2-mins-is-travel-time-between-Metro-stations/articleshow/53970016.cms
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ନୋଟ ସମୂହ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Indicates lines that are in operation for operational systems, lines that are under construction for under construction systems and proposed lines for proposed systems.
  2. Indicates stations that are in operation for operational systems, stations that are under construction for under construction systems and proposed stations for proposed systems.
  3. In Operation. The length of the system currently in operation.
  4. Planned. The length of the system currently planned to be built, but construction has not yet started.
  5. Under construction. The length of the system currently under construction.