ଟିଣ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


Tin
50Sn
Ge

Sn

Pb
indiumtinantimony
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
silvery (left, beta) or gray (right, alpha)
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
tin, Sn,
50
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈtɪn/
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର post-transition metal
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 14, 5, p
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 118.710
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Electron shells of tin (2, 8, 18, 18, 4)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର around 3500 BC
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
(ରୁମ୍ ଟେମ୍ପରେଚର୍‌ରେ ଘନତା) (white) 7.365 g·cm−3
Density (near r.t.) (gray) 5.769 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 6.99 g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 505.08 K, 231.93 °C, 449.47 °F
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 2875 K, 2602 °C, 4716 °F
Heat of fusion (white) 7.03 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (white) 296.1 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (white) 27.112 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4, 3[୧], 2, 1[୨], -4 (amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity 1.96 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 708.6 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1411.8 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2943.0 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 140 pm
Covalent radius 139±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 217 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure tetragonal

white
diamond cubic

gray
Magnetic ordering (gray) diamagnetic[୩], (white) paramagnetic
Electrical resistivity (0 °C) 115 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 66.8 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (25 °C) 22.0 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod) (r.t.) (rolled)
2730 m·s−1
Young's modulus 50 GPa
Shear modulus 18 GPa
Bulk modulus 58 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.36
Mohs hardness 1.5
Brinell hardness ~350 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-31-5
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of tin
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
112Sn 0.97% 112Sn is stable with 62 neutrons
114Sn 0.66% 114Sn is stable with 64 neutrons
115Sn 0.34% 115Sn is stable with 65 neutrons
116Sn 14.54% 116Sn is stable with 66 neutrons
117Sn 7.68% 117Sn is stable with 67 neutrons
118Sn 24.22% 118Sn is stable with 68 neutrons
119Sn 8.59% 119Sn is stable with 69 neutrons
120Sn 32.58% 120Sn is stable with 70 neutrons
122Sn 4.63% 122Sn is stable with 72 neutrons
124Sn 5.79% >1×1017 y ββ 2.2870 124Te
126Sn trace 2.3×105 y β 0.380 126Sb
· r

ଟିଣ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Sn (ଲାଟିନ: stannum; ଷ୍ଟାନମ୍' ପାଇଁ) ଓ ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୫୦ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "SnH3". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institure of Standards and Technology. http://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?ID=B1001467&Units=SI. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  2. "HSn". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?ID=C13940255&Units=SI. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 

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