ଫସ୍‌ଫରସ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


Phosphorus
15P
N

P

As
siliconphosphorussulfur
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
colourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black

waxy white (yellow cut), red (granules centre left, chunk centre right), and violet phosphorus
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
phosphorus, P,
15
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈfɒsfərəs/ fos-fər-əs
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର nonmetal
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 15 (pnictogens), 3, p
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 30.973762(2)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ne] 3s2 3p3
2, 8, 5
Electron shells of phosphorus (2, 8, 5)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Hennig Brand (1669)
Recognized as an element by Antoine Lavoisier[୧] (1777)
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
(ରୁମ୍ ଟେମ୍ପରେଚର୍‌ରେ ଘନତା) (white) 1.823, (red) ≈ 2.2 – 2.34, (violet) 2.36, (black) 2.69 g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ (white) 44.2 °C, (black) 610 °C
Sublimation point (red) ≈ 416 – 590  °C, (violet) 620 °C
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ (white) 280.5 °C
Heat of fusion (white) 0.66 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vapourisation (white) 12.4 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (white)
23.824 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapour pressure (white)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 279 307 342 388 453 549
Vapour pressure (red, bp. 431 °C)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 455 489 529 576 635 704
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 5, 4, 3, 2[୨], 1[୩], −1, −2, −3
(mildly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.19 (Pauling scale)
Ionisation energies
(more)
1st: 1011.8 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1907 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2914.1 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 107±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 180 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure triclinic
Magnetic ordering (white, red, violet, black) diamagnetic[୪]
Thermal conductivity (white) 0.236, (black) 12.1 W·m−1·K−1
Bulk modulus (white) 5, (red) 11 GPa
CAS registry number 7723-14-0
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of phosphorus
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
31P 100% 31P is stable with 16 neutrons
32P syn 14.28 d β 1.709 32S
33P syn 25.3 d β 0.249 33S
· r

ଫସ୍‌ଫରସ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Pପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୫ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. cf. "Memoir on Combustion in General" Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 1777, 592–600. from Henry Marshall Leicester and Herbert S. Klickstein, A Source Book in Chemistry 1400–1900 (New York: McGraw Hill, 1952)
  2. webelements
  3. Ellis, Bobby D.; MacDonald, Charles L. B. (2006). "Phosphorus(I) Iodide: A Versatile Metathesis Reagent for the Synthesis of Low Oxidation State Phosphorus Compounds". Inorganic Chemistry 45 (17): 6864–74. doi:10.1021/ic060186o. PMID 16903744. 
  4. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 

ସହାୟକ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Emsley, John (2000). The Shocking history of Phosphorus. A biography of the Devil's Element. London: MacMillan. ISBN 0-333-76638-5. 
  • Parkes, G.D.; Mellor, J.W. (1939). Mellor's Modern Inorganic Chemistry. Longman's Green and Co. 
  • Podger, Hugh (2002). Albright & Wilson. The Last 50 years. Studley: Brewin Books. ISBN 1-85858-223-7. 
  • Threlfall, Richard E. (1951). The Story of 100 years of Phosphorus Making: 1851–1951. Oldbury: Albright & Wilson Ltd. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]