ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Cite book

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
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ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Citation Style documentation/cs1

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
To cite a book with a credited author

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite a book with no credited author

{{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite an online book that has been archived

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |deadurl= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= }}

To cite a book written in a foreign language

{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |accessdate= }}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Citation Style documentation/usage full {{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |lastauthoramp= |date= |year= |origyear= |chapter= |trans_chapter= |chapterurl= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans_title= |url= |deadurl= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi_brokendate= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |accessdate= |via= |registration= |subscription= |laysummary= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |separator= |postscript= |ref= }} |}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use last; for additional authors, last2, last3, etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|author-name-separator=
|author-separator= 
|lastauthoramp=
|date=
|year=
|origyear=
|chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapterurl=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|deadurl=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-brokendate=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archiveurl=
|archivedate=
|accessdate=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|laysummary=
|laysource=
|laydate=
|quote=
|separator=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use first; for additional authors, first2, first3, etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use author-link
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use author-mask
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
author-name-separator last or last1
author-separator last or last1
lastauthoramp last or last1
date
year
origyear year or date
chapter do not wikilink chapter if chapterurl is provided
trans-chapter chapter
chapterurl chapter
editor1-last may also use editor-last
editor1-first editor1-last may also use editor-first
editor1-link editor1-last may also use editor-link
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
deadurl
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: page, pages or at
pages choose one: page, pages or at. When content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: page, pages or at
nopp page or pages set nopp to yes to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-brokendate doi
isbn always include ISBN if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archiveurl archivedate
archivedate archiveurl
accessdate url
via
registration
subscription
laysummary
laysource laysummary
laydate laysummary
quote
separator
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2 ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Markup2

Parameters[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Syntax[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

COinS[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

Deprecated[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters.

  • access-date · accessed · accessdaymonth · accessday · accessmonthday · accessmonth · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.

Description[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Authors[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last, author, authors, last1, author1
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first, first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. Aliases: last1, author1 through last9, author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink, authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: authorlink1, author1-link through authorlink9, author9-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by Smith" or "Trans. Smith".
When using ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Sfnote or ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • chapter: The title of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • date: Full date of source being referenced; in same format as other publication dates in the citations; do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses; if there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.

Publisher[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other accessdates in the citations; do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other archive dates; do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:MediaWiki URL rules

Anchor[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Identifiers[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

Quote[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last, editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link, editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; example: |display-authors=2; "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Citation Style documentation/registration

TemplateData[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:TemplateDataHeader

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters
Parameter Description Type Default Auto value Status
URL urlURL The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found string empty empty optional
Title title The title of the book; displays in italics string empty empty required
Last name lastauthor author1 authors last1 The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors unknown empty empty suggested
First name firstfirst1 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors unknown empty empty suggested
Author link authorlinkauthorlink1 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of second author last2author2 The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors unknown empty empty optional
First name of second author first2 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors unknown empty empty optional
Author link for second author authorlink2 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last3author3 The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first3 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink3author3-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last4author4 The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first4 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink4author4-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last5author5 The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first5 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink5author5-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last6author6 The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first6author6-link Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink6 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last7author7 The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first7 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink7author7-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last8author8 The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'. unknown empty empty optional
First name first8 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink8author8-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name last9author9 The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author. unknown empty empty optional
First name first9 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink. unknown empty empty optional
Author link authorlink9author9-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author. wiki-page-name empty empty optional
date date Full date of the source; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Work work Name of the work in which the cited book text is found string empty empty optional
Publisher publisher Name of the publisher; displays after title string empty empty suggested
URL access date accessdate The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Others others Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith' string empty empty optional
Year of publication year Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known string empty empty suggested
Original year origyear Original year of publication; provide specifics string empty empty optional
ISBN isbn International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible string empty empty suggested
Editor last name editor-lasteditor editor1-last editors The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors unknown empty empty optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors unknown empty empty optional
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of second editor editor2-last The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link' string empty empty optional
First name of second editor editor2-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link' string empty empty optional
Link for second editor editor2-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of third editor editor3-last The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link' string empty empty optional
First name of third editor editor3-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link' string empty empty optional
Link for third editor editor3-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of fourth editor editor4-last The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link' string empty empty optional
First name of fourth editor editor4-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link' string empty empty optional
Link for fourth editor editor4-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of fifth editor editor5-last The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link' string empty empty optional
First name of fifth editor editor5-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link' string empty empty optional
Link for fifth editor editor5-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of sixth editor editor6-last The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link' string empty empty optional
First name of sixth editor editor6-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link' string empty empty optional
Link for sixth editor editor6-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of seventh editor editor7-last The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link' string empty empty optional
First name of seventh editor editor7-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link' string empty empty optional
Link for seventh editor editor7-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of eighth editor editor8-last The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link' string empty empty optional
First name of eighth editor editor8-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link' string empty empty optional
Link for eighth editor editor8-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Last name of ninth editor editor9-last The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link' string empty empty optional
First name of ninth editor editor9-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link' string empty empty optional
Link for ninth editor editor9-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor wiki-page-name empty empty optional
Edition edition When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.' string empty empty optional
Series identifier seriesversion Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal string empty empty optional
Volume volume For one publication published in several volumes string empty empty optional
Location of publication locationplace Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place string empty empty suggested
Place of publication publication-place Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at' string empty empty optional
Publication date publication-date Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Page page The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both string empty empty optional
Page(s) cited pages A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both string empty empty suggested
No pp nopp Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover') string empty empty optional
At at May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient string empty empty optional
Language language The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates string empty empty optional
Script title script-title For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:... string empty empty optional
Translated title trans-title An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string empty empty optional
Chapter chapter The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both string empty empty optional
Translated chapter trans-chapter An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string empty empty optional
Chapter URL chapterurlchapter-url The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found string empty empty optional
Type type Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case string empty empty optional
Format format Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML string empty empty optional
arXiv identifier arxiv An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers string empty empty optional
ASIN asin Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters string empty empty optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US string empty empty optional
Bibcode bibcode Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters string empty empty optional
DOI doi Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.' string empty empty optional
DOI broken date doi_brokendate The date that the DOI was determined to be broken string empty empty optional
ISSN issn International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen string empty empty optional
jfm code jfm Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code string empty empty optional
JSTOR jstor JSTOR identifier string empty empty optional
LCCN lccn Library of Congress Control Number string empty empty optional
MR mr Mathematical Reviews identifier string empty empty optional
OCLC oclc Online Computer Library Center number string empty empty optional
OL ol Open Library identifier string empty empty optional
OSTI osti Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier string empty empty optional
PMC pmc PubMed Center article number string empty empty optional
PMID pmid PubMed Unique Identifier string empty empty optional
RFC rfc Request for Comments number string empty empty optional
SSRN ssrn Social Science Research Network string empty empty optional
Zbl zbl Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier string empty empty optional
id id A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable string empty empty optional
Archive URL archiveurl The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate' string empty empty optional
Archive date archivedate Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink string empty empty optional
Dead URL deadurl If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live string empty empty optional
Quote quote Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation string empty empty optional
Ref ref An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template string empty empty optional
Separator separator The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string . empty optional
Postscript postscript The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined string . empty optional
Lay URL layurllaysummary URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source string empty empty optional
Lay source laysource Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash string empty empty optional
Lay date laydate Date of the summary; displays in parentheses string empty empty optional
Author mask author-mask Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead string empty empty optional
Author name separator author-name-separator Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string , empty optional
Author separator author-separator Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string ; empty optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed number 8 empty optional
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space' string empty empty optional

See also[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.