ଟିଟାନିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


Titanium
22Ti
-

Ti

Zr
scandiumtitaniumvanadium
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
silvery grey-white metallic
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
titanium, Ti,
22
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /tˈtniəm/
ty-tay-nee-əm
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର transition metal
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 4, 4, d
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 47.867(1)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Ar] 3d2 4s2
2, 8, 10, 2
Electron shells of titanium (2, 8, 10, 2)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର William Gregor (1791)
First isolation Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1825)
ନାମକରଣ Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1795)
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
(ରୁମ୍ ଟେମ୍ପରେଚର୍‌ରେ ଘନତା) 4.506 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 4.11 g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 1941 K, 1668 °C, 3034 °F
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 3560 K, 3287 °C, 5949 °F
Heat of fusion 14.15 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 425 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 25.060 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1982 2171 (2403) 2692 3064 3558
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4, 3, 2, 1[୧]
(amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity 1.54 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 658.8 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1309.8 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2652.5 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 147 pm
Covalent radius 160±8 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal close-packed
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) 420 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 21.9 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (25 °C) 8.6 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod) (r.t.) 5,090 m·s−1
Young's modulus 116 GPa
Shear modulus 44 GPa
Bulk modulus 110 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.32
Mohs hardness 6.0
Vickers hardness 970 MPa
Brinell hardness 716 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-32-6
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of titanium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
44Ti syn 63 y ε - 44Sc
γ 0.07D, 0.08D -
46Ti 8.0% 46Ti is stable with 24 neutrons
47Ti 7.3% 47Ti is stable with 25 neutrons
48Ti 73.8% 48Ti is stable with 26 neutrons
49Ti 5.5% 49Ti is stable with 27 neutrons
50Ti 5.4% 50Ti is stable with 28 neutrons
· r

ଟିଟାନିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Tiପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୨୨ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସହାୟକ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Barksdale, Jelks (1968). "Titanium". In Clifford A. Hampel (editor). The Encyclopedia of the Chemical Elements. New York: Reinhold Book Corporation. ପୃଷ୍ଠା. 732–738. 
  • Emsley, John (2001). "Titanium". Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850340-7. 
  • Flower, Harvey M. (2000). "Materials Science: A moving oxygen story". Nature 407 (6802): 305–306. doi:10.1038/35030266. PMID 11014169. 
  • Greenwood, N. N.; Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4. 

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