ଜେନନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


Xenon
54Xe
Kr

Xe

Rn
iodinexenoncaesium
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
colorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field


Spectral lines of xenon
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
xenon, Xe,
54
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈzɛnɒn/ zen-on[୧]
or /ˈznɒn/ zee-non[୨]
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର noble gases
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 18 (noble gases), 5, p
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 131.293(6)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p6
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Electron shells of xenon (2, 8, 18, 18, 8)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
First isolation William Ramsay and Morris Travers (1898)
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା gas
ଘନତା (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
5.894 g/L
Liquid density at b.p. 3.057[୩] g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ (101.325 kPa) 161.4 K, -111.7 °C, -169.1 °F
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ (101.325 kPa) 165.03 K, -108.12 °C, -162.62 °F
Triple point 161.405 K (-112°C), 81.6[୪] kPa
କ୍ରିଟିକାଲ୍ ପଏଣ୍ଟ 289.77 K, 5.841 MPa
Heat of fusion (101.325 kPa) 2.27 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (101.325 kPa) 12.64 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 83 92 103 117 137 165
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 0, +1, +2, +4, +6, +8
(rarely more than 0)
(weakly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.6 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 1170.4 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2046.4 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3099.4 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 140±9 pm
Van der Waals radius 216 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[୫]
Thermal conductivity 5.65×10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (liquid) 1090 m/s; (gas) 169 m·s−1
CAS registry number 7440-63-3
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of xenon
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
124Xe 0.095% >4.8×1016 y β+β+ 0.825 124Te
125Xe syn 16.9 h ε 1.652 125I
126Xe 0.089% 126Xe is stable with 72 neutrons
127Xe syn 36.345 d ε 0.662 127I
128Xe 1.91% 128Xe is stable with 74 neutrons
129Xe 26.4% 129Xe is stable with 75 neutrons
130Xe 4.07% 130Xe is stable with 76 neutrons
131Xe 21.2% 131Xe is stable with 77 neutrons
132Xe 26.9% 132Xe is stable with 78 neutrons
133Xe syn 5.247 d β 0.427 133Cs
134Xe 10.4% >1.1×1016 y ββ 2.864 134Ba
135Xe syn 9.14 h β 1.16 135Cs
136Xe 8.86% 2.11×1021 y[୬] ββ 2.45783[୭] 136Ba
· r

ଜେନନ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Xeପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୫୪ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Simpson, J. A.; Weiner, E. S. C., eds. (1989). "Xenon". Oxford English Dictionary 20 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861232-X. 
  2. "Xenon". Dictionary.com Unabridged. 2010. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/xenon. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  3. "Krypton". Gas Encyclopedia. Air Liquide. 2009. http://encyclopedia.airliquide.com/Encyclopedia.asp?LanguageID=11&GasID=40. 
  4. Section 4 "Properties of the Elements and Inorganic Compounds; Melting, boiling, triple, and critical temperatures of the elements" in Lide, D. R., ed (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  6. Ackerman, N.; et.al (2011). "Observation of Two-Neutrino Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with the EXO-200 Detector". Physical Review Letters 107 (21): 212501. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.212501. 
  7. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.053003
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