ଜହ୍ନ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
Moon Moon symbol
Full moon in the darkness of the night sky. It is patterned with a mix of light-tone regions and darker, irregular blotches, and scattered with varying sizes of impact craters, circles surrounded by out-thrown rays of bright ejecta.
Full moon as seen from Earth's northern hemisphere
Designations
Adjective lunar, selenic
Orbital characteristics
Perigee 363,295 km
(0.0024 AU)
Apogee 405,503 km
(0.0027 AU)
Semi-major axis 384,399 km
(୦.00257 AU)[୧]
Eccentricity ୦.0549[୧]
Orbital period ୨୭.321582 d (27 d 7 h 43.1 min[୧])
Synodic period ୨୯.530589 d (29 d 12 h 44 min 2.9 s)
Average orbital speed 1.022 km/s
Inclination 5.145° to the ecliptic[୨] (between 18.29° and 28.58° to Earth's equator)[୧]
Longitude of ascending node regressing by one revolution in 18.6 years
Argument of perigee progressing by one revolution in 8.85 years
Satellite of Earth
Physical characteristics
Mean radius 1,737.10 km  (0.273 Earths)[୧][୩]
Equatorial radius 1,738.14 km (0.273 Earths)[୩]
Polar radius 1,735.97 km  (0.273 Earths)[୩]
Flattening ୦.00125
Circumference 10,921 km (equatorial)
Surface area 3.793ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Esp km2  (0.074 Earths)
Volume 2.1958ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Esp km3  (0.020 Earths)
Mass 7.3477ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Esp kg  (0.012300 Earths[୧])
Mean density 3.3464 g/cm3[୧]
Equatorial surface gravity 1.622 m/s2 (0.165 4 g)
Escape velocity 2.38 km/s
Sidereal rotation period 27.321582 d (synchronous)
Equatorial rotation velocity 4.627 m/s
Axial tilt 1.5424° (to ecliptic)
6.687° (to orbit plane)[୨]
Albedo 0.136[୪]
Surface temp.
   equator
   85°N[୫]
{| style="width: 100%; background-color: #f9f9f9; border: none" cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0

! style="width:31%; padding-right: 0.25em; line-height: 1.1em; text-align: left" | min ! style="width:38%; padding-right: 0.25em; line-height: 1.1em; text-align: left" | mean ! style="width:31%; padding-right: 0.25em; line-height: 1.1em; text-align: left" | max |- | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 100 K | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 220 K | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 390 K |- | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 70 K | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 130 K | style="line-height: 1.1em" | 230 K |-

|}
Apparent magnitude −2.5 to −12.9[lower-alpha ୧]
−12.74 (mean full moon)[୩]
Angular diameter 29.3 to 34.1 arcminutes[୩][lower-alpha ୨]
Atmosphere[୬]
Surface pressure 10−7 Pa (day)
10−10 Pa (night)[lower-alpha ୩]
Composition Ar, He, Na, K, H, Rn
Hubble views of Copernicus crater (inset), which is about 58 miles (93 km) wide
Red and orange tinted Moon, as seen from Earth during a lunar eclipse, where the Earth comes between the Moon and Sun

ଜହ୍ନ ହେଉଛି ପୃଥିବୀର ଏକମାତ୍ର ପ୍ରାକୃତିକ ଉପଗ୍ରହ ଏବଂ ସୌରଜଗତର ପଞ୍ଚମ ବୃହତ ଉପଗ୍ରହ । ଜହ୍ନ ହେଉଛି ଏକମାତ୍ର ଉପଗ୍ରହ ଯେଉଁଥିରେ ମଣିଷର ପାଦ ପଡ଼ିପାରିଛି ।

ଆକାର ପ୍ରକାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌଗଳିକ ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଜଳର ଅବସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ମାଧ୍ୟାକର୍ଷଣ ଓ ଚୁମ୍ବକୀୟ ଶକ୍ତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପୃଥିବୀ ସହ ସମ୍ପର୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. ୧.୦ ୧.୧ ୧.୨ ୧.୩ ୧.୪ ୧.୫ ୧.୬ ୧.୭ Wieczorek, M. et al. (2006). "The constitution and structure of the lunar interior". Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 60 (1): 221–364. doi:10.2138/rmg.2006.60.3. 
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ ୨.୨ Lang, Kenneth R. (2011); The Cambridge Guide to the Solar System, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ ୩.୨ ୩.୩ ୩.୪ ୩.୫ Williams, Dr. David R. (2 February 2006). "Moon Fact Sheet". NASA (National Space Science Data Center). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/moonfact.html. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ Matthews, Grant (2008). "Celestial body irradiance determination from an underfilled satellite radiometer: application to albedo and thermal emission measurements of the Moon using CERES". Applied Optics 47 (27): 4981–93. doi:10.1364/AO.47.004981. PMID 18806861. 
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ A.R. Vasavada, D.A. Paige, and S.E. Wood (1999). "Near-Surface Temperatures on Mercury and the Moon and the Stability of Polar Ice Deposits". Icarus 141 (2): 179. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6175. 
  6. ୬.୦ ୬.୧ Lucey, P.; Korotev, Randy L. et al. (2006). "Understanding the lunar surface and space-Moon interactions". Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 60 (1): 83–219. doi:10.2138/rmg.2006.60.2. 

Bibliography

ଅଧିକ ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅଧିକ ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Cartographic resources[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Observation tools[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: "lower-alpha" ଗୋଠ ପାଇଁ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ ସବୁ ରହିଅଛି, କିନ୍ତୁ କୌଣସି ବି <references group="lower-alpha"/> ଚିହ୍ନ ମିଳିଲା ନାହିଁ