ଇଟ୍ରିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
Yttrium
39Y
Sc

Y

Lu
strontiumyttriumzirconium
ଭୌତିକ ରୁପ
silvery white
ସାଧାରଣ ଧର୍ମ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ,
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ
yttrium, Y,
39
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈɪtriəm/ it-ree-əm
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର transition metal
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ, ବ୍ଲକ୍ 3, 5, d
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ 88.90585
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Kr] 4d1 5s2
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Electron shells of yttrium (2, 8, 18, 9, 2)
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Johan Gadolin (1794)
First isolation Carl Gustav Mosander (1840)
ଭୌତିକ ଧର୍ମ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
(ରୁମ୍ ଟେମ୍ପରେଚର୍‌ରେ ଘନତା) 4.472 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p. 4.24 g·cm−3
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 1799 K, 1526 °C, 2779 °F
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 3609 K, 3336 °C, 6037 °F
Heat of fusion 11.42 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization 365 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity 26.53 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1883 2075 (2320) (2627) (3036) (3607)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 3, 2, 1 (weakly basic oxide)
Electronegativity 1.22 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies 1st: 600 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1180 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 1980 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius 180 pm
Covalent radius 190±7 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure hexagonal close-packed
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[୧]
Electrical resistivity (r.t.) (α, poly) 596 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity 17.2 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion (r.t.) (α, poly)
10.6 µm/(m·K)
Speed of sound (thin rod) (20 °C) 3300 m·s−1
Young's modulus 63.5 GPa
Shear modulus 25.6 GPa
Bulk modulus 41.2 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.243
Brinell hardness 589 MPa
CAS registry number 7440-65-5
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of yttrium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
87Y syn 3.35 d ε - 87Sr
γ 0.48, 0.38D -
88Y syn 106.6 d ε - 88Sr
γ 1.83, 0.89 -
89Y 100% 89Y is stable with 50 neutrons
90Y syn 2.67 d β 2.28 90Zr
γ 2.18 -
91Y syn 58.5 d β 1.54 91Zr
γ 1.20 -
· r

ଇଟ୍ରିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Yପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୩୯ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

ସହାୟକ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Daane, A. H. (1968). "Yttrium". In Hampel, Clifford A. The Encyclopedia of the Chemical Elements. New York: Reinhold Book Corporation. pp. 810–821. LCCN 68-29938. 
  • Emsley, John (2001). "Yttrium". Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 495–498. ISBN 0-19-850340-7. 
  • Gadolin, Johan (1794). "Undersökning af en svart tung Stenart ifrån Ytterby Stenbrott i Roslagen". Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Nya Handlingar 15: 137–155. 
  • Greenwood, N. N.; Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4. 
  • Stwertka, Albert (1998). "Yttrium". Guide to the Elements (Revised ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 115–116. ISBN 0-19-508083-1. 
  • van der Krogt, Peter (2005-05-05). "39 Yttrium". Elementymology & Elements Multidict. http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/element.php?sym=Y. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]