Permanently protected template

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox person

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Infobox person
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

{{Infobox person}} may be used to summarize information about a particular person, usually at the top of an article.

Redirects and calls

At least ୨ other templates call this one and many templates redirect here.

Modules

The following templates are suitable for use as a "module" in this one:

Usage

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article and then filling in the desired fields. Any parameters left blank or omitted will not be displayed.

Blank template with basic parameters

name
alt
caption
ଜନ୍ମ ଓ ଜନ୍ମସ୍ଥାନ birth_name
birth_date
birth_place
ମୃତ୍ୟୁ death_date
death_place
ଜାତୀୟତା nationality
ଅଲଗା ନାଆଁ other_names
ଜୀବିକା occupation
କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକାଳ years_active
ପ୍ରସିଦ୍ଧି known_for
ଜଣାଶୁଣା କାମ notable_works
{{Infobox person
| name          = <!-- use common name/article title -->
| image         = <!-- filename only, no "File:" or "Image:" prefix, and no enclosing [[brackets]] -->
| alt           = <!-- descriptive text for use by speech synthesis (text-to-speech) software -->
| caption       = 
| birth_name    = <!-- only use if different from name -->
| birth_date    = <!-- {{Birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} for living people supply only the year with {{Birth year and age|YYYY}} unless the exact date is already widely published, as per [[WP:DOB]]. For people who have died, use {{Birth date|YYYY|MM|DD}}. -->
| birth_place   = 
| death_date    = <!-- {{Death date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (DEATH date then BIRTH date)  -->
| death_place   = 
| nationality   = 
| other_names   = 
| occupation    = 
| years_active  = 
| known_for     = 
| notable_works = 
}}

Blank template with all parameters

Only the most pertinent information should be included. Please remove unused parameters, and refrain from inserting dubious trivia in an attempt to fill all parameters.

pre-nominals
name
post-nominals
alt
caption
ମୂଳ ନାମ native_name
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ pronunciation
ଜନ୍ମ ଓ ଜନ୍ମସ୍ଥାନ birth_name
birth_date
birth_place
ହଜିଯାଇଥିଲେ disappeared_date
disappeared_place
ସ୍ଥିତି disappeared_status
ମୃତ୍ୟୁ death_date
death_place
ମୃତ୍ୟୁର କାରଣ death_cause
ମରଦେହ ମିଳିଥିଲା body_discovered
ସମାଧି  ସ୍ଥଳ resting_place
resting_place_coordinates
ସ୍ମୃତିସ୍ତମ୍ଭ monuments
ଘର residence
ଜାତୀୟତା nationality
ଅଲଗା ନାଆଁ other_names
ନାଗରିକତା citizenship
ଶିକ୍ଷା education
ଶିକ୍ଷାନୁଷ୍ଠାନ alma_mater
ଜୀବିକା occupation
କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକାଳ years_active
Era era
ନିଯୁକ୍ତିଦାତା employer
ସଙ୍ଗଠନ organization
ପ୍ରତିନିଧି agent
ପ୍ରସିଦ୍ଧି known_for
ଜଣାଶୁଣା କାମ notable_works
ଶୈଳୀ style
ପୈତୃକ ବାସସ୍ଥାନ home_town
ଦରମା salary
ମୋଟ ସମ୍ପତ୍ତି net_worth
ଉଚ୍ଚତା height
ଓଜନ weight
ଟେଲିଭିଜନ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକ୍ରମ television
ଶୀର୍ଷକ title
କାଳ term
ପୂର୍ବାଧିକାରୀ predecessor
ଉତ୍ତରାଧିକାରୀ successor
ରାଜନୀତିକ ଦଳ party
ରାଜନୀତିକ ଆନ୍ଦୋଳନ movement
ବିରୋଧୀ opponents
ବୋର୍ଡ଼ ସଭ୍ୟ ଥିବା ସଙ୍ଗଠନ boards
ମାଲି ମୋକଦମା criminal_charge
ମୋକଦମା ଜୋରିମାନା criminal_penalty
ମାଲି ମୋକଦମାର ସ୍ଥିତି criminal_status
ଜୀବନସାଥି spouse
ସଙ୍ଗୀ partner
ସନ୍ତାନ children
ବାପା ବୋଉ parents
ସମ୍ପର୍କୀୟ relatives
ପରିବାର family
Call-sign callsign
ପୁରସ୍କାର awards
module
module2
module3
module4
module5
module6
ୱେବସାଇଟ website
ଦସ୍ତଖତ
[[File:signature|signature_size
|alt=signature_alt|signature_alt]]
Notes
footnotes
{{Infobox person
| pre-nominals       = 
| name               =  <!-- use common name/article title -->
| post-nominals      = 
| image              =  <!-- filename only, no "File:" or "Image:" prefix, and no enclosing [[brackets]] -->
| image_upright      = 
| alt                = 
| caption            = 
| native_name        = 
| native_name_lang   = 
| pronunciation      = 
| birth_name         =  <!-- only use if different from name above -->
| birth_date         =  <!-- {{birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} for living people supply only the year with {{Birth year and age|YYYY}} unless the exact date is already widely published, as per [[WP:DOB]]. For people who have died, use {{Birth date|YYYY|MM|DD}}. -->
| birth_place        = 
| baptised           =  <!-- will not display if birth_date is entered -->
| disappeared_date   =  <!-- {{disappeared date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (disappeared date then birth date) -->
| disappeared_place  = 
| disappeared_status = 
| death_date         =  <!-- {{Death date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date) -->
| death_place        = 
| death_cause        = 
| body_discovered    = 
| resting_place      = 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
| burial_place       =  <!-- may be used instead of resting_place and resting_place_coordinates (displays "Burial place" as label) -->
| burial_coordinates =  <!-- {{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline}} -->
| monuments          = 
| residence          = 
| nationality        = 
| other_names        = 
| citizenship        = 
| education          = 
| alma_mater         = 
| occupation         = 
| years_active       = 
| era                = 
| employer           = 
| organization       = 
| agent              =  <!-- Discouraged in most cases, specifically when promotional, and requiring a reliable source -->
| known_for          = 
| notable_works      =  <!-- produces label "Notable work"; may be overridden by |credits=, which produces label "Notable credit(s)"; or by |works=, which produces label "Works"; or by |label_name=, which produces label "Label(s)" -->
| style              = 
| home_town          = 
| salary             = 
| net_worth          =  <!-- Net worth should be supported with a citation from a reliable source -->
| height             =  <!-- "X cm", "X m"  or "X ft Y in" plus optional reference (conversions are automatic) -->
| weight             =  <!-- "X kg", "X lb" or "X st Y lb" plus optional reference (conversions are automatic) -->
| television         = 
| title              =  <!-- Formal/awarded/job title. The parameter |office= may be used as an alternative when the label is better rendered as "Office" (e.g. public office or appointments) -->
| term               = 
| predecessor        = 
| successor          = 
| party              = 
| movement           = 
| opponents          = 
| boards             = 
| criminal_charge    =  <!-- Criminality parameters should be supported with citations from reliable sources -->
| criminal_penalty   = 
| criminal_status    = 
| spouse             =  <!-- Use article title or common name -->
| partner            =  <!-- (unmarried long-term partner) -->
| children           = 
| parents            =  <!-- overrides mother and father parameters -->
| mother             =  <!-- may be used (optionally with father parameter) in place of parents parameter (displays "Parent(s)" as label) -->
| father             =  <!-- may be used (optionally with mother parameter) in place of parents parameter (displays "Parent(s)" as label) -->
| relatives          = 
| family             = 
| callsign           = 
| awards             = 
| website            =  <!-- {{URL|example.com}} -->
| module             = 
| module2            = 
| module3            = 
| module4            = 
| module5            = 
| module6            = 
| signature          = 
| signature_size     = 
| signature_alt      = 
| footnotes          = 
}}

Parameters

Do not use all these parameters for any one person. The list is long to cover a wide range of people. Only use those parameters that convey essential or notable information about the subject, and ensure that that information is sourced in the article or (if present only in the infobox) in the infobox itself.

Any parameters left blank or omitted will not be displayed. Many parameters have alternative names, implemented for compatibility with other templates (especially to aid merging). The preferred names are shown in the table below.

Parameter Explanation
pre-nominals To appear on the line above the person's name. This is for things like |pre-nominals=Sir – honorifics of serious significance that are attached to the name in formal address, such as knighthoods and titles of nobility; do not use it for routine things like "Dr." or "Ms."
name Common name of person (defaults to article name if left blank; provide |birth_name= (below) if different from |name=). If middle initials are specified (or implied) by the lead of the article, and are not specified separately in the |birth_name= parameter, include them here. Do not put honorifics or alternative names in this parameter. There are separate parameters for these things, covered below.
post-nominals To appear on the line below the person's name. This is for things like |post-nominals=[[Officer of the Order of the British Empire|OBE]] – honorifics of serious significance that are attached to the name in formal address, such as national orders and non-honorary doctorates; do not use it for routine things like "BA". It is permissible but not required to use the {{post-nominals}} template inside this parameter; doing so requires {{post-nominals|size=100|...}}.
image Image name: abc.jpg, xpz.png, 123.gif, etc., without the ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp or ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp prefix. If an image is desired but not available, one may add yes to the |needs-photo= parameter of the {{WikiProject Biography}} template on the talk page. If no image is available yet, do not use an image placeholder.
image_upright Scales the image thumbnail from its default size by the given factor. Values less than 1 scale the image down (0.9 = 90%) and values greater than 1 scale the image up (1.15 = 115%).
alt Descriptive alt text for the image, for visually impaired readers. One word (such as photograph) is rarely sufficient. Do not copy-paste the value of |caption= (below) into this parameter. Example of the difference: "Willie Nelson at a concert in Dallas, 1989" is good as |caption= value; "Nelson in western-wear with an acoustic guitar, on stage in a daytime show with band in background" is an |alt= description. If nothing meaningful can be said that isn't already in the caption, use the stock text |alt=refer to caption.
caption Caption for image, if needed. Try to include the date of photo, some context, and the photographer if known (check the File: or Commons page for the image).
native_name The person's name in their own language, if different.
native_name_lang ISO 639-1 code, e.g., "fr" for French. If more than one, use {{lang}} around each name in |native_name= instead.
pronunciation Details of how to pronounce the individual's native name.
birth_name Name at birth; only use if different from |name=.
birth_date Date of birth: Use {{birth date and age}} (if living) or {{birth date}} (if dead). See template's page for details on usage. If only a year of birth is known, or age as of a certain date, consider using {{birth year and age}} or {{birth based on age as of date}}. For living people supply only the year unless the exact date is already widely published. Treat such cases as if only the year is known, so use {{birth year and age}} or a similar option. The templates mentioned in this paragraph emit metadata indicating the date is in the Gregorian calendar; if the date is in the Julian calendar, do not use these templates, just write the date.
birth_place Place of birth: city, administrative region, country.
  • Use the name of the birthplace at the time of birth, e.g.: Saigon (prior to 1976) or Ho Chi Minh City (post-1976).
  • Do not use a flag template, coat of arms, or other icon.
  • Omit unnecessary or redundant details. For example, it is not necessary to state: New York City, New York, United States when New York City, US conveys essentially the same information more concisely.
  • Countries should generally not be linked.
  • For modern subjects, the country should generally be a sovereign state; for United Kingdom locations, the constituent countries of the UK are sometimes used instead, when more appropriate in the context.
  • For historical subjects, use the place name most appropriate for the context and our readership. What the place may correspond to on a modern map is a matter for an article's main text.
  • For subsequent places (of death, etc.) it is not necessary to repeat jurisdictional details or links for the same place name.
baptised Date of baptism: Only for use when birth date is not known (e.g., for Ludwig van Beethoven). Will not display if a birth date is entered. Do not use subtemplates. Parameter baptized can be used for articles that use American english spelling.
disappeared_date (For missing people) Date of disappearance: Use {{disappeared date and age}} (if birth date is known) or {{disappeared date}} (if birth date unknown).
disappeared_place (For missing people) Place of disappearance: city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
disappeared_status (For missing people) Current status for the person, e.g., if the person is still regarded as missing (using {{missing for}} to calculate the time since disappearance), or if the person has been declared dead in absentia, with a date for such a ruling.
death_date Date of death: Use {{death date and age}} (if birth date is known) or {{death date}} (if birth date unknown). See template's page for details on usage. If exact dates are unknown, consider using {{death year and age}}. The templates mentioned in this paragraph emit metadata indicating the date is in the Gregorian calendar; if the date is in the Julian calendar, do not use these templates, just write the date.
death_place Place of death: city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
death_cause Cause of death. Should be clearly defined and sourced, and should only be included when the cause of death has significance for the subject's notability, e.g. James Dean, John Lennon. It should not be filled in for unremarkable deaths such as those from old age or routine illness, e.g. Bruce Forsyth, Eduard Khil.
body_discovered Place where the body was discovered (if different from place of death). city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
burial_place Place of burial city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc. See |resting_place= for non-burials.)
burial_coordinates Coordinates for place of burial, to accompany |burial_place=. Use {{coord}} template.
resting_place Location of columbarium, ash-scattering, etc. If no location, leave blank. city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
resting_place_coordinates Coordinates for location of columbarium, ash-scattering etc. Use {{coord}} template.
monuments Significant monuments erected, buildings named, etc., in honour of the subject. If many, link to an appropriate section of the article instead.
residence Location(s) where the person notably resides/resided, if different from birthplace. city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
nationality May be used instead of |citizenship= (below) or vice versa in cases where any confusion could result. Should only be used with |citizenship= when they differ. (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
other_names Other notable names for the person, if different from |name= and |birth_name=. This can include stage names, maiden/married names, nicknames, criminal aliases, etc.
citizenship Country of legal citizenship, if different from nationality. Rarely needed. See usage notes for |nationality=, above. Should only be used if citizenship differs from the value in |nationality= and cannot be inferred from the birthplace. Note that many countries do not automatically grant citizenship to people born within their borders. (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
education Education, e.g., degree, institution and graduation year, if relevant. If very little information is available or relevant, the |alma_mater= parameter may be more appropriate.
alma_mater Alma mater. This parameter is a more concise alternative to (not addition to) |education=, and will often consist of the linked name of the last-attended institution of higher education (not secondary schools). It is usually not relevant to include either parameter for non-graduates, but article talk page consensus may conclude otherwise, as perhaps at Bill Gates.
occupation Occupation(s) as given in the lead. Use list markup for three or more entries, e.g. with {{flatlist}}. Please observe sentence case and capitalise only the first letter of the first item; e.g.:
  • Musician
  • singer-songwriter
  • actor
years_active Date range in years during which the subject was active in their principal occupation(s) and/or other activity for which they are notable. Use the format 1950–2000, or 1970–present if still active. Date ranges always use an en dash, not hyphen. If no dates of birth and/or death are known for the subject, only a floruit date range, as is common with ancient subjects, this parameter can be used for it. If approximate (circa) dates are known for either or both, put them in the |birth_date= and |death_date= parameters. Helpful templates: {{floruit}}, {{circa}}.
era Era (e.g., Medieval) in which the person lived; less specific than |years_active=. Should not be used if dates are available.
employer Employer(s), if relevant.
organization Non-employing organization(s), if relevant.
agent The subject's agent (individual and/or agency), discouraged in most cases, specifically when promotional, and requiring a reliable source.
known_for A brief description of why the person is notable.
  • notable_works;
      alternatives:
  • credits
  • label_name
  • works
Title(s) of notable work(s) (publications, compositions, sculptures, films, etc.) by the subject, if any. Produces the label Notable work. May be overridden by |credits=, which produces Notable credit(s); or by |works=, which produces Works; or by |label_name=, which produces Label(s).
  • The |notable_works=, |credits=, and |label_name= parameters are intended to be (at most) short inline lists.
  • The |label_name= variant is used for one or more record labels with which a performer is associated, or a fashion label in which a designer has been heavily involved or for which they are well known. Remember that this parameter is an alternative to the others mentioned here and is not used along with them.
  • The |works= variant is intended to link to a specific list article for a larger body of work (not all of which may be individually notable).
style The style of the subject's works, if applicable. This parameter is not for styles of address or office; see |pre-nominals=.
home_town The place where the person was raised and matured, if different from birthplace and residence. city, administrative region, country.  (See |birth_place=, above, for instructions on how to use this parameter, including: no flag templates, inappropriate linking, redundancy, anachronisms, "country" definitions, etc.)
salary Annual salary or compensation, if relevant. Link the first occurrence to the currency article, e.g.: [[Pound sterling|₤]]86,000
net_worth Current estimated net worth, if relevant. Please be sure to support with a citation from a reliable source, in the article body.
height If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant. If used, this should also include the year of the measurement if the person had not reached full adulthood when this stat was published. See documentation of this parameter at Template:Infobox sportsperson for more information.
weight If person was notable for their weight, or if weight is relevant. If used, this should also include the year of the measurement. See documentation of this parameter at Template:Infobox sportsperson for more information.
television Television programmes presented by or closely associated with the subject. For multiple entries, use an inline list.
title Multiple uses:

For multiple entries, use an inline list.

Use the |awards= parameter, below, for awarded honors that are not really titles. A single award should not use both parameters.

office May be used as an alternative to |title= when the label is better displayed as Office (e.g. public office or appointments). Using this parameter will override |title=.
term Years the person held the |title= or |office= listed above. Helpful template: {{reign}} (also used for civil offices).
predecessor Person who previously held the |title= or |office= listed above.
successor Person who subsequently held the |title= or |office= listed above.
party If relevant. Field labelled Political party.
movement If relevant. Can be social, political (non-party), artistic, philosophical, literary, cultural, etc.
opponents Notable relevant opponents (e.g., for major political office).
boards For board of directors membership(s), if relevant. Field labeled Board member of.
  • criminal_charge
  • criminal_penalty
  • criminal_status
For convicted criminals only. Please be certain to support these parameters with citations from reliable sources, in the article body.
spouse Name of spouse(s), followed by years of marriage. Use the format Name (married 1950–present) for a current spouse, and Name (married 1970–99) for former spouse(s). Use article title (if linking) or common name. For multiple entries, use an inline list. For deceased persons still married at time of death, close the date range with death year.
partner If particularly relevant, or if the partner is notable; "partner" here means unmarried life partners (of any gender or sexual preference), not business partner. Use the format Name (1950–present) for current partner and Name (1970–1999) for former partner(s). Do not use truncated years (as in "1970–99").
children Only if independently notable themselves or particularly relevant. Number of children (e.g., three), or list of names if notable. For multiple entries, use an inline list. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of living children, unless notable.
parents Names of parents; include only if they are independently notable or particularly relevant. For multiple entries, use an inline list. If subject has only one notable mother and/or only one notable father, |mother= and |father= parameters may be used instead. These parameter may be used for biological, adoptive, foster, or step-parents.
mother Name of mother; include only if subject has one mother who is independently notable or particularly relevant. Displays Parent(s) as label, and is overridden by the |parents= parameter.
father Name of father; include only if subject has one father who is independently notable or particularly relevant. Displays Parent(s) as label, and is overridden by the |parents= parameter.
relatives Names of siblings or other relatives; include only if independently notable or particularly relevant. Include the relationship in parentheses after the name (sister, uncle, etc.). For multiple entries, use an inline list.
callsign Amateur radio call sign, if relevant.
awards Notable awards. If many, link to an appropriate section of the article instead. Use |title= parameter, above, for awarded titles; A single award should not use both parameters.
website Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use {{URL}} as in {{URL|Example.com}}. Do not display the ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp part unless the site requires it.
  • module
  • module2
  • module3
  • module4
  • module5
  • module6
Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one. Example:
{{Infobox person
| name                = Ian Watkins
...
| module =
    {{Infobox musical artist
    | embed = yes
    | background = solo_singer <!-- mandatory field -->
    ...
    }} <!-- end of Infobox musical artist -->
...
}} <!-- end of Infobox person -->

For more detailed information, see Wikipedia:WikiProject Infoboxes/embed.

signature An image of the person's signature. Please use image name: abc.jpg, xpz.png, 123.gif, etc., without the ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp or ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp prefix
signature_size Default is ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp. If necessary, a signature can be resized manually as per the |image_size= parameter.
signature_alt Alt text for the signature image. For example, for ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp, the alt text might be |signature_alt= Th: Jefferson, spelling out the signature exactly as it appears in the image.
footnotes Textual notes about any of the infobox data. This is not for reference citations. If an infobox parameter's value needs a citation, cite inline at the end of the value. Citations will appear in the article's references section along with the other citations in the article.
image_size Deprecated. Size to display image: 200px (set width), x300px (set height), or 200x300px (max width & max height). If empty or omitted, this defaults to ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp (default is ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Samp, but logged-in users can change this by clicking on "my preferences" and adjusting thumbnail size). Use of this parameter is discouraged. Use image_upright instead. Do not use "×" or capital "X"

Inline lists

Parameters with multiple values should be formatted with inline-list templates.

Horizontal ones include {{hlist}} or {{flatlist}}. In horizontal style, only the first item is capitalized (aside from proper names).

This style is best for short items, and few of them. An entry of two or three very short items that will all fit on one line can be done simply with commas: |parameter_name=Foo, bar, baz (use semicolons if any items contain their own commas).

Horizontal list example with {{hlist|Item one|item two|item three}}:
  • Item one
  • item two
  • item three

Vertical templates are {{plainlist}} and {{unbulleted list}} (vertical), use unbulleted, non-indented lists for clean display in infoboxes. Entries may be all sentence case, or all lowercase (aside from proper names) after the first.

This style is best for long items, and longer lists. For long lists of information that may not be of immediate interest but retained for reference, the {{collapsible list}} template can be used; this is not a universally accessible option, so should not be used for key information.

Do not use <br /> markup to create fake lists, as in: Item one<br />item two<br />item three.

Vertical list example:, using {{unbulleted list|Item one|item two|item three}}:

  • Item one
  • item two
  • item three

Examples

Bill Gates
Bill Gates in WEF, 2007.jpg
Bill Gates at the World Economic Forum in Davos, 2007
ଜନ୍ମ ଓ ଜନ୍ମସ୍ଥାନ William Henry Gates III
ଅକ୍ଟୋବର ୨୮, ୧୯୫୫ (1955-10-28) (୬୨ ବର୍ଷ)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
ଘର Medina, Washington, U.S.
ଜୀବିକା
ମୋଟ ସମ୍ପତ୍ତି US$53 billion (2010)[୧]
ଜୀବନସାଥି Melinda Gates (ବିବାହ 1994–ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନ) «Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.»"Marriage: Melinda Gates to Infobox person" Location: (linkback://or.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AC%9B%E0%AC%BE%E0%AC%9E%E0%AD%8D%E0%AC%9A:Infobox_person)
ସନ୍ତାନ 3
ବାପା ବୋଉ
ୱେବସାଇଟ microsoft.com/presspass/exec/billg
ଦସ୍ତଖତ
Bill Gates signature.svg
{{Infobox person
| name              = Bill Gates
| image             = Bill Gates in WEF, 2007.jpg
| caption           = Bill Gates at the [[World Economic Forum]] in [[Davos]], 2007
| birth_name        = William Henry Gates III
| birth_date        = {{birth date and age|1955|10|28}}
| birth_place       = [[Seattle]], Washington, US
| occupation        = {{unbulleted list| Chairman of [[Microsoft]] (non-executive) | Co-chair of [[Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation]] | Director of [[Berkshire Hathaway]] | CEO of [[Cascade Investment]] }}
| networth          = {{increase}}[[United States dollar|US$]]53 [[1,000,000,000 (number)|billion]] (2010)<ref>[https://www.forbes.com/profile/bill-gates/ Bill Gates profile]. Forbes.com. Retrieved April 2010.</ref>
| spouse            = [[Melinda Gates]] (married 1994)
| children          = 3
| residence         = [[Medina, Washington]]
| alma_mater        = Harvard University (dropped out in 1975)
| website           = {{URL|microsoft.com/presspass/exec/billg}}
| signature         = BillGates Signature.svg
| parents           = {{unbulleted list| [[William H. Gates, Sr.]] | [[Mary Maxwell Gates]] }}
}}

Microformat

The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book or database. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Date-of-birth ("bday") information will only be included in the microformat if {{Birth date}}, {{Birth date and age}}, or {{Birth-date}} are used in the infobox. (but do not use these if the date is before 1583).

To include a URL, use {{URL}}

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • bday
  • category
  • country-name
  • extended-address
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • n
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox person

An infobox for articles about people

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Pre-nominalspre-nominalshonorific_prefixhonorific-prefixhonorific prefix

Honorific prefix(es), to appear on the line above the person's name

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Namename

Common name of person (defaults to article name if left blank; provide birth_name (below) if different from name). If middle initials are specified (or implied) by the lead of the article, and are not specified separately in the birth_name field, include them here.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownrequired
Post-nominalspost-nominalshonorific_suffixhonorific-suffixhonorific suffix

Honorific suffix(es), to appear on the line below the person's name

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Imageimage

Image name: abc.jpg, xpz.png, 123.gif, etc. If an image is desired but not available, one may add "yes" to the "needs-photo" section of the :Template:WPBiography on the talkpage. If no image is available yet, do not use an image placeholder.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Image uprightimage_upright

Scales the image thumbnail from its default size by the given factor. Values less than 1 scale the image down (0.9 = 90%) and values greater than 1 scale the image up (1.15 = 115%).

Default
1
Example
1.15
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
DEPRECATED: Image sizeimage_sizeimage sizeimagesize

DEPRECATED/DISCOURAGED. Size to display image: 200px (set width), x300px (set height), or 200x300px (max width & max height). This defaults to frameless (default is 220px, but logged in users can change this by clicking on "my preferences" and adjusting thumbnail size) if empty or omitted. Use of this parameter is discouraged as per WP:IMGSIZE. Use image_upright instead.

Default
220px
Example
200px
Auto value
empty
Unknowndeprecated
Altalt

Alt text for image, for visually impaired readers. One word (such as "photograph") is rarely sufficient. See WP:ALT.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Captioncaptionimage captionimage_caption

Caption for image, if needed. Try to include date of photo and the photographer.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Native namenative_name

The person's name in their own language, if different.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Native name languagenative_name_lang

ISO 639-1 code, e.g., "fr" for French. If more than one, use Template:lang in `native_name` instead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Native name pronunciationpronunciation

Details of how to pronounce the individual's native name.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Birth namebirth_namebirthname

Name at birth; only use if different from name.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Birth datebirth_date

Date of birth: {{Birth date and age|YYYY|MM|DD}} for living people. For people who have died, use {{Birth date|YYYY|MM|DD}}. If only a year of birth is known, or age as of a certain date, consider using Template:birth year and age or Template:birth based on age as of date.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Birth placebirth_place

Place of birth: city, administrative region, sovereign state. Use the name of the birthplace at the time of birth, e.g.: Saigon (prior to 1976), Ho Chi Minh City (post 1976). Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Baptisedbaptisedbaptized

Date of baptism: ONLY for use when birth date is not known (e.g., Beethoven). Will not display if a birth date is entered. Do not use subtemplates. Parameter 'baptized' can be used for articles that use American english spelling.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Disappeared datedisappeared_date

(For missing people) Date of disappearance: Template:disappeared date and age (if birth date is known) or Template:disappeared date (if birth date unknown).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Disappeared placedisappeared_place

(For missing people) Place of disappearance: city, administrative region, sovereign state. Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Disappeared statusdisappeared_statusstatus

(For missing people) Current status for the person, e.g., if the person is still regarded as missing (using Template:missing for to calculate the time since disappearance), or if the person has been declared dead in absentia, with a date for such a ruling.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Death datedeath_date

Date of death: {{Death date and age|YYYY|MM|DD|YYYY|MM|DD}} (if birth date is known) or Template:death date (if birth date unknown). See Template:Death date/doc for details on usage. If exact dates are unknown, consider using Template:death year and age.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Death placedeath_place

Place of death: city, administrative region, sovereign state. Note: Do not use a flag template. Use the name of the deathplace at the time of death, e.g.: Saigon (prior to 1976), Ho Chi Minh City (post 1976)

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Death causedeath_causedeath cause

Cause of death.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Body discoveredbody_discoveredbody discovered

Place where the body was discovered (if different from place of death). Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Resting placeresting_placeresting placerestingplace

Place of burial, ash-scattering, etc. Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Resting place coordinatesresting_place_coordinatesresting place coordinatesrestingplacecoordinates

Coordinates for place of burial, ash-scattering etc. Use Template:coord template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Burial placeburial_place

Place of burial, alternative to 'Resting place' Displays the label 'Burial place'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Contentoptional
Burial place coordinatesburial_coordinates

Coordinates for place of burial, to accompany 'Burial place'. Use {{coord}} template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Monumentsmonuments

Significant monuments erected, buildings named, etc., in honour of the subject. If many, link to an appropriate section of the article instead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Residenceresidence

Location(s) where the person notably resides/resided, if different from birth place. Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Nationalitynationality

Nationality. May be used instead of citizenship (below) or vice versa in cases where any confusion could result. Should only be used 'with' citizenship when they somehow differ. Should only be used if nationality cannot be inferred from the birthplace. Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Other namesother_namesother namesothernamealias

Other notable names for the person, if different from name and birth_name.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Citizenshipcitizenship

Country of legal citizenship, if different from nationality. Rarely needed. See usage notes for nationality above. Should only be used if citizenship cannot be inferred from the birthplace. Do not use a flag template.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Educationeducation

Education, e.g., degree, institution and graduation year, if relevant. If very little information is available or relevant, the `alma_mater` parameter may be more appropriate.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Alma materalma_materalma mater

Alma mater. This parameter is a more concise alternative to `education`, and will most often simply consist of the linked name of the last-attended higher education institution. It is usually not relevant to include either parameter for non-graduates, but article talk page consensus may conclude otherwise, as at Bill Gates.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Occupationoccupation

Occupation(s) as given in the lead.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Years activeyears_activeyears activeyearsactive

Date range in years during which the subject was active in their principal occupation(s) and/or other activity for which they are notable. Use the format 1950–2000, or 1970–present if still active (note the use of an en dash, not hyphen). If no dates of birth and/or death are known for the subject, only a floruit date range, as is common with ancient subjects, this parameter can be used for it. If approximate (circa) dates are known for either or both, put them in the birth_date and death_date parameters.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Eraera

Era during which the subject lived or was active. Less specific than 'years active'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Employeremployer

Employer(s), if relevant.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Organizationorganizationorganizations

Non-employing organization(s), if relevant.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Agentagent

The subject's agent (individual and/or agency), discouraged in most cases, specifically when promotional, and requiring a reliable source.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Known Forknown_forknown forknown

A brief description of what the person is notable for.

Default
empty
Example
Environmental activism
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Notable worksnotable_worksworkscreditsnotable works

Title(s) of notable work(s) (publications, compositions, sculptures, films, etc.) by the subject, if any.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Stylestyle

The style in which the subject works, if applicable.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Home townhome_townhome town

The place where the person was raised and matured, if different from birth place and residence.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Salarysalary

Annual salary or compensation, if relevant.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Net worthnet_worthnet worthnetworth

Current estimated net worth, if relevant. Please be sure to support with a citation from a reliable source, in the article body.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Heightheight

If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant. If used, this should also include the year of the measurement if the person had not reached full adulthood when this stat was published. See documentation of this parameter at Template:Infobox sportsperson for more information.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Height in metresheight_m

If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant, their height in metres (it will be automatically converted to Imperial).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Height in centimetresheight_cm

If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant, their height in centimetres (it will be automatically converted to Imperial).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Height in feetheight_ft

If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant, their height in whole feet (it will be automatically converted to SI). Use with height_in.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Remaining height in inchesheight_in

If person was notable for their height, or if height is relevant, their height in remaining inches (it will be automatically converted to SI). Use with height_ft.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Weightweight

If person was notable for their weight, or if weight is relevant. If used, this should also include the year of the measurement. See documentation of this parameter at Template:Infobox sportsperson for more information.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Weight in kilogrammesweight_kg

If person was notable for their weight, or if weight is relevant, their weight in kilogrammes (it will be automatically converted to Imperial).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Weight in poundsweight_lb

If person was notable for their weight, or if weight is relevant, their weight in pounds, or their weight in remaining pounds if weight in whole stones is specified (it will be automatically converted to SI).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Weight in stonesweight_st

If person was notable for their weight, or if weight is relevant, their weight in whole stones (it will be automatically converted to SI).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Televisiontelevision

Television programmes presented by or closely associated with the subject.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Titletitle

Multiple uses: Formal title, such as First Lady of Japan for Akie Abe.; Awarded title, such as Mr. Olympia for Arnold Schwarzenegger.; Job title, such as President of Calvin College for Anthony Diekema.; A combination of the above, such as Professor of Mathematics and Fellow of the Royal Society for Bill Parry See also "awards" parameter, below, for awarded honors that are not really titles. A single award should not use both parameters.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Termterm

Years the person held the title listed above.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Predecessorpredecessor

Person who previously held the title listed above.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Successorsuccessor

Person who subsequently held the title listed above.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Partyparty

If relevant. Field labelled Political party.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Movementmovement

If relevant. '''Movement''' can be social, political (non-party), artistic, philosophical, literary, cultural, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Opponentsopponents

Notable relevant opponents (e.g., for major political office).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Boardsboards

For board of directors membership(s), if relevant. Field labeled Board member of.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Criminal chargecriminal_chargecriminal charge

For convicted criminals only. Please be certain to support these parameters with citations from reliable sources, in the article body.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Criminal penaltycriminal_penaltycriminal penalty

For convicted criminals only. Please be certain to support these parameters with citations from reliable sources, in the article body.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Criminal statuscriminal_statusjudicial_statusjudicial statuscriminal status

For convicted criminals only. Please be certain to support these parameters with citations from reliable sources, in the article body.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Spouse(s)spousespousesspouse(s)

Name of spouse(s), followed by years of marriage. Use the format Name (married 1950–present) for a current spouse, and Name (married 1970–99) for former spouse(s). Separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list. For deceased persons still married at time of death, close the date range with death year.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Partner(s)partnerpartnerspartner(s)domestic_partnerdomestic_partner

For unmarried life partners (of any gender or sexual preference), not business partners. Use the format Name (1950–present) for current partner and Name (1970–99) for former partner(s).

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Childrenchildren

Number of children (e.g., three or 3), or list of names, in which case, separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of children of living persons, unless the children are independently notable.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Parent(s)parents

Names of parents. Separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list. If subject has only one notable mother and/or father, 'mother' and 'father' parameters may be used instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Mothermother

Name of mother; include only if subject has one mother who is independently notable or particularly relevant. Overwritten by 'parents' parameter.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Fatherfather

Name of father; include only if subject has one father who is independently notable or particularly relevant. Overwritten by 'parents' parameter.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Relativesrelativesrelations

Names of siblings or other relatives. Include the relationship in parentheses after the name (sister, uncle, etc). Separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Familyfamily

Family or house of the individual, if notable.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Callsigncallsign

Amateur radio call sign, if relevant.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Awardsawards

Notable awards. If many, link to an appropriate section of the article instead. See also "title" parameter, above, for awarded titles. A single award should not use both parameters.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Honourshonourshonors

Honours the individual has been awarded, if notable.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
WebsitewebsitehomepageURLurl

Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use Template:URL as in Example.com . Do not include the www. part unless the server requires it. Use camel case capitalization to make multiword domain names easier to read.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Modulemodulemisc

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Module twomodule2misc2

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Module threemodule3misc3

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Module fourmodule4misc4

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Module fivemodule5misc5

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Module sixmodule6misc6

Used for embedding other infoboxes into this one.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Signaturesignature

An image of the person's signature. Please use image name: abc.jpg, xpz.png, 123.gif, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Signature sizesignature_size

Default is 150px. If necessary, a signature can be resized manually as per the "image_size" parameter.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Signature altsignature_altsignature alt

Alt text for the signature image. For example, for :File:Thomas Jefferson Signature.svg, the alt text might be |signature_alt= Th: Jefferson, spelling out the signature exactly as it appears in the image.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
Footnotesfootnotes

Notes about any of the infobox data.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknownoptional
DEPRECATED: Name CSS over-rideabovestyle

DEPRECATED: A CSS style to use for the individual's name, over-riding the community norm. Only use in exception circumstances.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknowndeprecated
DEPRECATED: Use as an embedded infoboxchild

DEPRECATED: Use this infobox within another one. For experts only.

Default
empty
Example
yes
Auto value
empty
Unknowndeprecated
DEPRECATED: Influencesinfluences

DEPRECATED and unused in the infobox. Do not use.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknowndeprecated
DEPRECATED: Influencedinfluenced

DEPRECATED and unused in the infobox. Do not use.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknowndeprecated

Tracking categories

See also

Variations of this template which use Wikidata:

Alternative templates are listed at WikiProject Biography/Infoboxes and within the people and person infobox templates category.

  1. Bill Gates profile. Forbes.com. Retrieved April 2010.