ଚିକିତ୍ସା ବିଜ୍ଞାନରେ ନୋବେଲ ବିଜେତାଙ୍କ ତାଲିକା

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ଚିକିତ୍ସା ବିଜ୍ଞାନ ପାଇଁ ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ପଦକର ଆଗ ପାର୍ଶ୍ୱ (ବିପରୀତ)

ବିଜେତା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବର୍ଷ ଚିତ୍ର ପୁରସ୍କାର ବିଜେତା[କ] ଦେଶ[ଖ] ପାଇବାର କାରଣ[ଗ] ଆଧାର
୧୯୦୧ EmilVonBehring.jpg ଏମିଲ୍ ଆଡଲଫ୍ ଭନ୍ ବେରିଙ୍ଗ  ଜର୍ମାନ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟ "ଡିପଥେରିଆ ପାଇଁ ଚିକିତ୍ସା ଭାବରେ ସେରମ୍ ଥେରାପିର ବ୍ୟବହାର " [୧]
୧୯୦୨ Ronald Ross.jpg ରୋନାଲ୍‌ଡ ରସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "ମ୍ୟାଲେରିଆ ଜୀବାଣୁ ଉପରେ ଗବେଷଣା | ବିଶେଷକରି ଏହି ଜୀବାଣୁ ମାନବ ଶରୀରରେ କିପରି ପ୍ରବେଶ କରନ୍ତି ସେ ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧରେ ଗବେଷଣା ପାଇଁ |" [୨]
୧୯୦୩ Niels ryberg.jpg ନିଲ୍ସ ରାଇବର୍ଗ ଫିନ୍ସେନ୍  ଡେନମାର୍କ
( ଫାରୋ ଦ୍ୱୀପପୁଞ୍ଜ)
"" [୩]
୧୯୦୪ Ivan Pavlov nobel.jpg ଇଭାନ୍ ପାଭ୍ଲଭ୍  ଋଷିଆ "ପୁଷ୍ଟିକର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟର ଶରୀର ପ୍ରକ୍ରିୟା ଉପରେ ଗବେଷଣା ପାଇଁ " [୪]
୧୯୦୫ RobertKoch cropped.jpg ରବର୍ଟ କଚ୍  ଜର୍ମାନ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟ "ଯକ୍ଷ୍ମା ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧରେ ଅନୁସନ୍ଧାନ ଏବଂ ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୫]
୧୯୦୬ Camillo Golgi nobel.jpg କ୍ୟାମିଲ୍ଲୋ ଗଲଜି  ଇଟାଲୀ "ସ୍ନାୟବିକ ତନ୍ତ୍ରର ଗଠନ ଉପରେ ସେମାନଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟର ସ୍ୱୀକୃତି ପାଇଁ " [୬]
Cajal-Restored.jpg ସାଣ୍ଟିଆଗୋ ରାମନ୍ ଇ କାଜଲ୍  ସ୍ପେନ
୧୯୦୭ Charles Laveran nobel.jpg ଚାର୍ଲ୍ସ ଲୁଇସ୍ ଆଲଫୋନ୍ସ ଲାଭେରାନ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "ରୋଗ ସୃଷ୍ଟି କରିବାରେ ଆଦିଜୀବକର ଭୂମିକା ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟର ସ୍ୱୀକୃତି " [୭]
୧୯୦୮ Ilya Mechnikov nobel.jpg ଇଲ୍ୟା ଇଲିଚ ମେକନିକୋଭ  ଋଷିଆ "ପ୍ରତିରକ୍ଷା ତନ୍ତ୍ର ଉପରେ ସେମାନଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ନିମନ୍ତେ" [୮]
Paul Ehrlich (1926-27 Microbe Hunters).jpg ପଲ୍ ଏରଲିଚ୍  ଜର୍ମାନ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୦୯ Emil Theodor Kocher nobel.jpg ଏମିଲ୍ ଥିଓଡର୍ କୋଚର୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ "ଥାଇରଏଡ୍ ଗ୍ରନ୍ଥିର ଶରୀର କ୍ରିୟା ବିଜ୍ଞାନ, ପାଥୋଲୋଜି ଏବଂ ଅସ୍ତ୍ରୋପଚାର ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ " [୯]
୧୯୧୦ Kossel, Albrecht (1853-1927).jpg ଆଲବ୍ରେଚ୍ କୋସେଲ୍  ଜର୍ମାନ ସାମ୍ରାଜ୍ୟ "ନ୍ୟୁକ୍ଲିୟିକ୍ ଏସିଡ୍ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ କରି ପ୍ରୋଟିନ୍ ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ମାଧ୍ୟମରେ କୋଷ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ ବିଷୟରେ ଆମର ଜ୍ଞାନର ଅବଦାନକୁ ସ୍ୱୀକୃତି ଦେଇ " [୧୦]
୧୯୧୧ Allvar Gullstrand.jpg ଅଲଭର୍ ଗୁଲଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଣ୍ଡ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ "ମାନବ ଆଖି ର ଡାଇଓପଟ୍ରିକ୍ସ ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ " [୧୧]
୧୯୧୨ Alexis Carrel 02.jpg ଆଲେକ୍ସିସ୍ କାରେଲ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "ଭାସ୍କୁଲାର ସର୍ଜିକାଲ୍ ସ୍ୟୁଚର୍ ଏବଂ ରକ୍ତ ନଳୀ ଏବଂ ଅଙ୍ଗ ପ୍ରତିରୋପଣ ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ " [୧୨]
୧୯୧୩ Charles Robert Richet nobel.jpg ଚାର୍ଲ୍ସ ରିଚେଟ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "ଆନାଫାଇଲକ୍ସିସ୍ ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ " [୧୩]
୧୯୧୪ Robert Barany.jpg ରବର୍ଟ ବାରାନି ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Country data Austria-Hungary "ଭେଷ୍ଟିବୁଲାର ଆପାରଟସର ଶରୀରକ୍ରିୟା ଏବଂ ପାଥୋଲୋଜି ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ " [୧୪]
୧୯୧୫ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇନାହିଁ
୧୯୧୬
୧୯୧୭
୧୯୧୮
୧୯୧୯ Jules Bordet nobel.jpg ଜୁଲେସ୍ ବୋର୍ଡେଟ୍  ବେଲଜିୟମ "ପ୍ରତିରକ୍ଷା ତନ୍ତ୍ରର ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୧୫]
୧୯୨୦ August Krogh Bain 32006.jpg ଅଗଷ୍ଟ କ୍ରୋଗ୍  ଡେନମାର୍କ "କ୍ୟାପିଲାରି ମୋଟର ନିୟାମକ ଯନ୍ତ୍ରର ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୧୬]
୧୯୨୧ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇନାହିଁ
୧୯୨୨ Archibald Vivian Hill.jpg ଆର୍କିବାଲ୍ଡ ହିଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "ମାଂସପେଶୀରେ ଉତ୍ତାପ ଉତ୍ପାଦନର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକୁ ବ୍ୟାଖ୍ୟା କରିବା " [୧୭]
Otto Fritz Meyerhof.jpg ଅଟୋ ମେୟରହଫ୍  ଜର୍ମାନୀ "ମାଂସପେଶୀରେ ଅମ୍ଳଜାନର ଉପଯୋଗ ଏବଂ ଲାକ୍ଟିକ୍ ଏସିଡର ଚୟାପଚୟ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ସମ୍ପର୍କ ସ୍ଥାପନ ନିମନ୍ତେ " [୧୭]
୧୯୨୩ Fredrick banting.jpg ଫ୍ରେଡ୍ରିକ୍ ବାଣ୍ଟିକ  କାନାଡା "ଇନସୁଲିନର ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ" [୧୮]
J.J.R. Macleod ca. 1928.png ଜନ୍ ମ୍ୟାକଲିଓଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୨୪ Willem Einthoven.jpg ୱିଲିମ୍ ଆଇନ୍ଥୋଭେନ୍  ନେଦରଲାଣ୍ଡ "ଇଲେକ୍ଟ୍ରୋକାର୍ଡିଓଗ୍ରାମର କାର୍ୟପ୍ରଣାଳୀର ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ" [୧୯]
୧୯୨୫ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇନାହିଁ
୧୯୨୬ J Fibiger.jpg ଜୋହାନ୍ସ ଫାଇବିଗର୍  ଡେନମାର୍କ "ସ୍ପାଇରୋପ୍ଟେରା କାର୍ସିନୋମା ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୨୦]
୧୯୨୭ Julius Wagner-Jauregg.jpg ଜୁଲିୟସ୍ ୱାଗନର୍-ଜୁରେଗ  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ "ଡାଇମେଣ୍ଟିଆ ପାରାଲିଟିକା (Dimentia Paralytica) ଚିକିତ୍ସାରେ ମ୍ୟାଲେରିଆ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୂକ୍ତିର ପ୍ରୟୋଗ ଆବିଷ୍କାର କରିବା ପାଇଁ " [୨୧]
୧୯୨୮ Jules Nicole.jpg ଚାର୍ଲ୍ସ ନିକୋଲ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "ଟାଇଫସ୍ ଉପରେ ତାଙ୍କ କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ପାଇଁ " [୨୨]
୧୯୨୯ Christiaan Eijkman.jpg କ୍ରିଷ୍ଟିଆନ୍ ଆଇଜକମ୍ୟାନ୍  ନେଦରଲାଣ୍ଡ "ଆଣ୍ଟିନ୍ୟୁରିଟିକ୍ ଭିଟାମିନ୍ (Antineuritic Vitamin) ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୨୩]
Frederick Gowland Hopkins nobel.jpg ଫ୍ରେଡେରିକ୍ ହପକିନ୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "ଶରୀରର ବୃଦ୍ଧି କାରକ ଭିଟାମିନର ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୨୩]
୧୯୩୦ Karl Landsteiner nobel.jpg କାର୍ଲ ଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡଷ୍ଟାଇନର୍  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ "ମାନବ ଶରୀରରେ ରକ୍ତ ଗୋଷ୍ଠୀର (Blood Groups) ଆବିଷ୍କାର ପାଇଁ " [୨୪]
୧୯୩୧ Otto Warburg.jpg ଓଟୋ ହେନ୍ରିଚ୍ ୱାରବର୍ଗ  ଜର୍ମାନୀ "for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme" [୨୫]
୧୯୩୨ Prof. Charles Scott Sherrington.jpg ଚାର୍ଲ୍ସ ସ୍କଟ୍ ଶେରିଙ୍ଗଟନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons" [୨୬]
Edgar Douglas Adrian nobel.jpg ଏଡଗାର ଡଗ୍ଲାସ୍ ଆଡ୍ରିଆନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୩୩ Thomas Hunt Morgan.jpg ଥୋମାସ୍ ହଣ୍ଟ ମର୍ଗାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity" [୨୭]
୧୯୩୪ George Whipple nobel.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ୱିପଲ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia" [୨୮]
George Minot nobel.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ରିଚାର୍ଡସ୍ ମିନଟ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
William P Murphy.jpg ୱିଲିୟମ୍ ପ୍ୟାରୀ ମର୍ଫି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୩୫ Hans Spemann nobel.jpg ହାନ୍ସ ସ୍ପେମାନ୍  ଜର୍ମାନୀ (ନାଜି) "for his discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic development" [୨୯]
୧୯୩୬ Henry Dale nobel.jpg ହେନେରୀ ହାଲେଟ୍ ଡେଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses" [୩୦]
Otto Loewi nobel.jpg ଓଟୋ ଲୋଇ  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ
 ଜର୍ମାନୀ (ନାଜି)
୧୯୩୭ Albert Szent-Györgyi cropped.jpg ଆଲବର୍ଟ ସେଜେଣ୍ଟ-ଗର୍ଗି  ହଙ୍ଗେରୀ "for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid" [୩୧]
୧୯୩୮ Corneille Heymans nobel.jpg କର୍ନିଲ୍ ହେମାନ୍ସ  ବେଲଜିୟମ "for the discovery of the role played by the sinus and aortic mechanisms in the regulation of respiration" [୩୨]
୧୯୩୯ Gerhard Domagk nobel.jpg ଗାରହାର୍ଡ ଡୋମାଗ  ଜର୍ମାନୀ (ନାଜି) "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil" [୩୩]
୧୯୪୦ ପ୍ରଦାନ କରାଯାଇନାହିଁ
୧୯୪୧
୧୯୪୨
୧୯୪୩ Henrik Dam nobel.jpg ହେନ୍ରିକ୍ ଡ୍ୟାମ୍  ଡେନମାର୍କ "for his discovery of vitamin K" [୩୪]
Edward A Doisy.jpg ଏଡୱାର୍ଡ ଆଡେଲବର୍ଟ ଡୋଇସି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K" [୩୪]
୧୯୪୪ Joseph Erlanger nobel.jpg ଯୋସେଫ୍ ଏରଲାଙ୍ଗର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres" [୩୫]
Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg ହର୍ବର୍ଟ ସ୍ପେନ୍ସର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୪୫ Alexander Fleming 1945.jpg ଆଲେକ୍‌ଜାଣ୍ଡର ଫ୍ଲେମିଙ୍ଗ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases" [୩୬]
Ernst Boris Chain 1945.jpg ଏର୍ନ୍‌ସ୍ଟ ବୋରିସ୍ ଚେନ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
Howard Walter Florey 1945.jpg ହାୱାର୍ଡ ଫ୍ଲୋରେ  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ
୧୯୪୬ HJ Muller 1952.jpg ହର୍ମାନ ଯୋସେଫ ମୁଲର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation" [୩୭]
୧୯୪୭ Carl Ferdinand Cori.jpg କାର୍ଲ ଫର୍ଡିନାଣ୍ଡ କୋରୀ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen" [୩୮]
Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg ଗର୍ଟି କୋରୀ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Bernado Houssay.JPG ବର୍ନାର୍ଡୋ ହାଉସୀ  ଆର୍ଜେଣ୍ଟିନା "for his discovery of the part played by the hormone of the anterior pituitary lobe in the metabolism of sugar" [୩୮]
୧୯୪୮ Paul Hermann Müller nobel.jpg ପଲ୍ ହରମାନ୍ ମୁଲର୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ "for his discovery of the high efficiency of DDT as a contact poison against several arthropods" [୩୯]
୧୯୪୯ Walter Hess.jpg ୱାଲଟର ରୁଡ଼ଲଫ ହେସ୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ "for his discovery of the functional organization of the interbrain as a coordinator of the activities of the internal organs" [୪୦]
Moniz.jpg ଆଣ୍ଟୋନିଓ ଏଗାସ୍ ମୋନିଜ୍  ପର୍ତ୍ତୁଗାଲ "for his discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy (lobotomy) in certain psychoses" [୪୦]
୧୯୫୦ Philip Showalter Hench.jpg ଫିଲିପ୍ ଶୋଲେଟର ହେଞ୍ଚ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects" [୪୧]
Edward Calvin Kendall 1940s.jpg ଏଡୱାର୍ଡ କେଲଭିନ କେଣ୍ଡାଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Thadeus Reichstein ETH-Bib Portr 10137.jpg ଟାଡେସ୍ ରିଚଷ୍ଟାଇନ୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
 ପୋଲାଣ୍ଡ
୧୯୫୧ Max Theiler nobel.jpg ମାକ୍ସ ଥିଏଲର୍  ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଆଫ୍ରିକା
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for his discoveries concerning yellow fever and how to combat it" [୪୨]
୧୯୫୨ Selman Waksman NYWTScrop.jpg ସେଲମାନ ୱାକସମାନ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis" [୪୩]
୧୯୫୩ Hans Adolf Krebs.jpg ହାନ୍ସ ଆଡଲଫ୍ କ୍ରେବସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for his discovery of the citric acid cycle" [୪୪]
Portrait of Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899-1986), Biochemist (2551001689).jpg ଫ୍ରିଜ୍ ଆଲବର୍ଟ ଲିପମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ଜର୍ମାନୀ
"for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism" [୪୪]
୧୯୫୪ Enders2.jpg ଜନ୍ ଫ୍ରାଙ୍କଲିନ୍ ଏଣ୍ଡର୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue" [୪୫]
Frederick Chapman Robbins nobel.jpg ଫ୍ରେଡେରିକ୍ ଚାପମ୍ୟାନ୍ ରବିନ୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
ଫାଇଲ:Thomas Huckle Weller.jpg ଥୋମାସ୍ ହକଲ୍ ୱେଲର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୫୫ Hugo Theorell nobel.jpg ହୁଗୋ ଥିଓରେଲ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ "for his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes" [୪୬]
୧୯୫୬ André Frédéric Cournand nobel.jpg ଆଣ୍ଡ୍ରେ ଫ୍ରେଡେରିକ୍ କୋର୍ନାଣ୍ଡ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system" [୪୭]
Werner Forssmann nobel.jpg ୱର୍ନର୍ ଫୋର୍ସମ୍ୟାନ୍  ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀ
ଫାଇଲ:Dickinson W. Richards nobel.jpg ଡିକିନ୍ସନ୍ ଡବ୍ଲୁ ରିଚାର୍ଡସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୫୭ Daniel Bovet nobel.jpg ଡାନିଏଲ୍ ବୋଭେଟ୍  ଇଟାଲୀ "for his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles" [୪୮]
୧୯୫୮ ଫାଇଲ:George Wells Beadle.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ୱେଲ୍ସ ବିଡଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events" [୪୯]
Edward Lawrie Tatum.jpg ଏଡୱାର୍ଡ ଲୋରି ଟାଟମ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Joshua Lederberg crop.jpg ଯୋଶୁଆ ଲେଡରବର୍ଗ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries concerning genetic recombination and the organization of the genetic material of bacteria" [୪୯]
୧୯୫୯ Arthur Kornberg (30828410210) - restoration1.jpg ଆର୍ଥର୍ କର୍ଣ୍ଣବର୍ଗ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid" [୫୦]
ଫାଇଲ:Severo Ochoa nobel.jpg ସେଭେରୋ ଓଚୋଆ  ସ୍ପେନ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
1960 Frank Macfarlane Burnet nobel.jpg ଫ୍ରାଙ୍କ୍ ମ୍ୟାକଫର୍ଲେନ୍ ବର୍ନେଟ୍  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance" [୫୧]
Peter Brian Medawar.jpg ପିଟର ମେଡୱାର୍  ବ୍ରାଜିଲ
 ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୬୧ Georg von Békésy nobel.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ଭନ୍ ବେକେସି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea" [୫୨]
୧୯୬୨ Francis Crick crop.jpg ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସିସ୍ କ୍ରିକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material" [୫୩]
JamesWatson.png ଜେମସ ୱାଟସନ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Maurice Wilkins nobel.jpg ମରିସ ୱିଲକିନ୍ସ  ନିଉଜିଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
 ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୬୩ ଜନ୍ ଏକେଲ୍ସ  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ "for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane" [୫୪]
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin nobel.jpg ଆଲାନ୍ ଓଲିଡ୍ ହୋଡ୍କିନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
Andrew Fielding Huxley nobel.jpg ଅନ୍ଦ୍ରେୟୁ ହକ୍ସଲେ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୬୪ Konrad Bloch.JPG କୋନରାଡ୍ ବ୍ଲଚ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism" [୫୫]
Feodor Lynen with pipette.jpg ଫିଡୋର ଲିନେନ  ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀ
୧୯୬୫ François Jacob nobel.jpg ଫ୍ରାଙ୍କୋଇସ୍ ଜାକୋବ  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis" [୫୬]
André Lwoff nobel.jpg ଆଣ୍ଡ୍ରେ ଲୱଫ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
Jacques Monod nobel.jpg ଜ୍ୟାକ୍ ମୋନୋଡ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
୧୯୬୬ ଫାଇଲ:Peyton Rous nobel.jpg ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସିସ୍ ପେଟନ୍ ରୋସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses" [୫୭]
ଫାଇଲ:Charles Brenton Huggins nobel.jpg ଚାର୍ଲ୍ସ ବ୍ରେଣ୍ଟନ୍ ହୁଗିନ୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer" [୫୭]
୧୯୬୭ Ragnar Granit2.jpg ରାଗନାର୍ ଗ୍ରାନିଟ  ଫିନଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
 ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ
"for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye" [୫୮]
Haldan Keffer Hartline nobel.jpg ହାଲଡାନ କେଫର୍ ହାର୍ଟଲାଇନ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
George Wald nobel.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ୱାଲ୍ଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୬୮ Robert Holley-crop.jpg ରବର୍ଟ ଡବ୍ଲୁ ହୋଲି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis" [୫୯]
Har Gobind Khorana.jpg ହର ଗୋବିନ୍ଦ ଖୋରାନା  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା[୬୦]
Marshall Nirenberg 2003.jpg ମାର୍ଶଲ ୱାରେନ୍ ନିରେନବର୍ଗ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୬୯ Max Delbruck.jpg ମ୍ୟାକ୍ସ ଡେଲବ୍ରୁକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses" [୬୧]
Alfred Hershey.jpg ଆଲଫ୍ରେଡ୍ ହର୍ସି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Salvador E. Luria ca.1969 (cropped).jpg ସାଲଭାଡୋର ଲୁରିଆ  ଇଟାଲୀ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୭୦ Axelrod01.jpg ଜୁଲିୟସ୍ ଆକ୍ସେଲ୍ରୋଡ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation" [୬୨]
Ulf von Euler.jpg ଉଲଫ୍ ଭନ ଇଉଲର  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ
Sir Bernard Katz.jpg ବର୍ନାର୍ଡ କାଟଜ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୭୧ Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr.jpg ଆର୍ ୱିଲବର୍ ସଥରଲାଣ୍ଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones" [୬୩]
୧୯୭୨ Professor Gerald M. Edelman (cropped).jpg ଜେରାଲ୍ଡ ଏଡେଲମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies" [୬୪]
Rodney Robert Porter.jpg ରୋଡନି ରୋବର୍ଟ ପୋର୍ଟର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୭୩ Karl von Frisch - Atelier Veritas, c. 1926.jpg କାର୍ଲ ଭନ୍ ଫ୍ରିସ୍ ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Country data West Germany "for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behaviour patterns" [୬୫]
Konrad Lorenz.JPG କନରାଡ ଲୋରେଞ୍ଜ  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରିଆ
Nikolaas Tinbergen 1978.jpg ନିକୋଲାସ୍ ଟିନବର୍ଗେନ୍  ନେଦରଲାଣ୍ଡ
୧୯୭୪ Albert Claude 1974.jpg ଆଲବର୍ଟ କ୍ଲାଉଡ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell" [୬୬]
Christian de Duve cropped.jpg ଖ୍ରୀଷ୍ଟିଆନ ଡି ଡୁଭ୍  ବେଲଜିୟମ
RO033-16.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ଏମିଲ ପାଲାଡେ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ରୋମାନିଆ
୧୯୭୫ Dr. David Baltimore2.jpg ଡେଭିଡ ବାଲ୍ଟିମୋର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell" [୬୭]
Renato Dulbecco crop.jpg ରେନାଟୋ ଦୁଲବେକୋ  ଇଟାଲୀ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Howard Martin Temin 1975.jpg ହାୱାର୍ଡ ମାର୍ଟିନ ଟେମିନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୭୬ Baruch Samuel Blumberg by Tom Trower (NASA).jpg ବାରୁଚ ସାମୁଏଲ୍ ବ୍ଲୁମବର୍ଗ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases" [୬୮]
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek 2bw cropped.jpg ଡାନିଏଲ୍ କାର୍ଲଟନ୍ ଗାଜଡୁସେକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୭୭ Roger Guillemin.jpg ରୋଜର ଗୁଇଲେମିନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain" [୬୯]
Schally portrait.jpg ଆଣ୍ଡ୍ରିୟୁ ଶାଲୀ  କାନାଡା
 ପୋଲାଣ୍ଡ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Rosalyn Yalow.jpg ରୋଜାଲିନ୍ ସୁସମାନ୍ ୟାଲୋ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones" [୬୯]
୧୯୭୮ Werner Arber 2008.jpg ୱର୍ନର୍ ଆର୍ବର୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ "for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics" [୭୦]
No image.svg ଡାନିଏଲ୍ ନାଥାନ୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Hamilton Smith.jpg ହାମିଲଟନ୍ ଓ ସ୍ମିଥ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୭୯ No image.svg ଆଲାନ୍ ମ୍ୟାକ୍ଲିଡ୍ କରମାକ୍  ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଆଫ୍ରିକା
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for the development of computer assisted tomography" [୭୧]
Godfrey Hounsfield.jpg ଗଡଫ୍ରେ ହନ୍ସଫିଲ୍ଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୮୦ Baruj Benacerraf 1969.jpg ବାରୁଜ ବେନାସେରଫ୍  ଭେନେଜୁଆଲା
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions" [୭୨]
Jean Dausset 1968.jpg ଜାନ୍ ଡାଉସେଟ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
No image.svg ଜର୍ଜ ଡେଭିସ୍ ସ୍ନେଲ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୮୧ Roger Wolcott Sperry.jpg ରୋଜର ୱୋଲକଟ୍ ସ୍ପେରି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres" [୭୩]
DHUBEL.jpg ଡେଭିଡ ଏଚ୍ ହୁବେଲ୍  କାନାଡା
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system" [୭୩]
Torsten Wiesel-7Nov2006.jpg ଟର୍ଷ୍ଟେନ୍ ୱିଜେଲ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ
୧୯୮୨ Sune Bergström 3.jpg ସୁନେ ବର୍ଗଷ୍ଟ୍ରମ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ "for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances" [୭୪]
Bengt Samuelsson.png ବେଙ୍ଗଟ୍ ଆଇ ସାମୁଏଲ୍ସନ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ
John Robert Vane.jpg ଜନ ଭେନ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୮୩ Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) shown in her laboratory in 1947.jpg ବାର୍ବାରା ମ୍ୟାକ୍ଲିଣ୍ଟକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements" [୭୫]
୧୯୮୪ Niels Kaj Jerne 1950 crop.jpg ନିଲ୍ସ କାଜ୍ ଜର୍ନେ  ଡେନମାର୍କ "for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies" [୭୬]
No image.svg ଜର୍ଜସ୍ ଜେ ଏଫ୍ କୋହଲର୍  ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀ
Milstein lnp.jpg ସେସର ମିଲଷ୍ଟାଇନ୍  ଆର୍ଜେଣ୍ଟିନା
 ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୧୯୮୫ Mike Brown 2003.jpg ମାଇକେଲ୍ ଷ୍ଟୁଆର୍ଟ ବ୍ରାଉନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the regulation of cholesterol metabolism" [୭୭]
Joe Goldstein.JPG ଜୋସେଫ୍ ଏଲ୍ ଗୋଲ୍ଡଷ୍ଟାଇନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୮୬ Stanley Cohen-Biochemist.jpg ଷ୍ଟାନଲି କୋହେନ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of growth factors" [୭୮]
Rita Levi Montalcini.jpg ରୀତା ଲେଭି-ମୋଣ୍ଟାଲସିନି  ଇଟାଲୀ
୧୯୮୭ Susumu Tonegawa Photo.jpg ସୁସୁମୁ ଟୋନେଗାୱା  ଜାପାନ "for his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity" [୭୯]
୧୯୮୮ James Black (pharmacologist).jpg ଜେମ୍ସ ବ୍ଲାକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment" [୮୦]
Gertrude Elion.jpg ଗର୍ଟରୁଡ୍ ବି ଏଲିଅନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
George H. Hitchings 1988.jpg ଜର୍ଜ ଏଚ୍ ହିଚିଙ୍ଗସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୮୯ Nci-vol-8172-300 j michael bishop.jpg ଜେ ମାଇକେଲ୍ ବିଶପ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes" [୮୧]
HEVarmus.jpg ହରୋଲ୍ଡ ଇ ଭର୍ମସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୦ No image.svg ଜୋସେଫ୍ ମୁରେ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease" [୮୨]
Edward Donnall "Don" Thomas.jpg ଇ ଡୋନାଲ୍ ଥୋମାସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୧ Erwin neher 2007 lindau.jpg ଏରୱିନ୍ ନେହେର୍  ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀ "for their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells" [୮୩]
Sakmann.jpg ବର୍ଟ ସାକମାନ୍  ଜର୍ମାନୀ
୧୯୯୨ Edmond Fischer Nobel Laureate 1992.jpg ଏଡମଣ୍ଡ ଏଚ୍ ଫିସର  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for their discoveries concerning reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism" [୮୪]
No image.svg ଏଡୱିନ୍ ଜି କ୍ରେବସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୩ Roberts, Richard John (1943).jpg ରିଚାର୍ଡ ଜେ ରବର୍ଟ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for their discoveries of split genes" [୮୫]
Phillip A Sharp NIH.jpg ଫିଲିପ ଆଲେନ୍ ସାର୍ପ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୪ Alfred Goodman Gilman (cropped).jpg ଆଲଫ୍ରେଡ୍ ଜି ଗିଲମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells" [୮୬]
Rodbell, Martin (1925-1998).jpg ମାର୍ଟିନ ରୋଡବେଲ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୫ Ed Lewis 1986.png ଏଡୱାର୍ଡ ବି ଲୁଇସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development" [୮୭]
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard mg 4383.jpg ଖ୍ରୀଷ୍ଟିଆନେ ନ୍ୟୁସଲିନ୍-ଭୋଲହର୍ଡ  ଜର୍ମାନୀ
Eric F. Wieschaus.jpg ଏରିକ ଏଫ୍ ୱିସ୍କସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୬ Peter C. Doherty 2017.jpg ପିଟର ସି ଡୋହର୍ଟି  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ "for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence" [୮୮]
Rolf Zinkernagel Erudite Conclave medical college trivandrum.jpg ରୋଲଫ୍ ଏମ୍ ଜିଙ୍କର୍ନାଗେଲ୍  ସୁଇଜରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
୧୯୯୭ Prusiner 1.JPG ଷ୍ଟାନଲି ବି ପ୍ରୁସିନର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection" [୮୯]
୧୯୯୮ Drfurchgott.jpg ରୋବର୍ଟ ଏଫ୍ ଫର୍ଚଗଟ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system" [୯୦]
Loius Ignarro.jpg ଲୁଇସ୍ ଇଗ୍ନାରୋ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Ferid Murad.jpg ଫେରିଦ ମୁରାଦ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୧୯୯୯ Gunter Blobel 2008 1.JPG ଗୁଣ୍ଟର୍ ବ୍ଲୋବେଲ୍  ଜର୍ମାନୀ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell" [୯୧]
୨୦୦୦ Arvid Carlsson 2011a.jpg ଅରବିଡ କାର୍ଲସନ୍  ସ୍ୱୀଡେନ "for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system" [୯୨]
Paul Greengard.jpg ପଲ୍ ଗ୍ରୀନଗାର୍ଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Eric Richard Kandel.jpg ଏରିକ୍ କାଣ୍ଡେଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୦୧ No image.svg ଲେଲାଣ୍ଡ ଏଚ୍ ହାର୍ଟୱେଲ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle" [୯୩]
Tim hunt.jpg ଟିମ୍ ହଣ୍ଟ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
Paul Nurse 2007.jpg ପଲ୍ ନର୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୨୦୦୨ Sydney Brenner OIST 2008 (33208371153) (cropped).jpg ସିଡନୀ ବ୍ରେନର୍  ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଆଫ୍ରିକା "for their discoveries concerning 'genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'" [୯୪]
No image.svg ଏଚ୍ ରବର୍ଟ ହୋର୍ଭିଜ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Sulston, John Edward (1942).jpg ଜନ ସଲଷ୍ଟନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୨୦୦୩ PaulLauterbur.jpg ପଲ୍ ଲାଉଟରବର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging" [୯୫]
Peter Mansfield Leipzig.jpg ପିଟର ମାନସଫିଲ୍ଡ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
୨୦୦୪ Richard Axel.jpg ରିଚାର୍ଡ ଆକ୍ସେଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system" [୯୬]
LindaBuck cropped 1.jpg ଲିଣ୍ଡା ବି ବକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୦୫ Marshall 2008.JPG ବରୀ ମାର୍ଶଲ୍  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease" [୯୭]
Robin Warren.jpg ରବିନ୍ ୱାରେନ୍  ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ
୨୦୦୬ Andrew Fire, Stanford University.jpg ଆଣ୍ଡ୍ର୍ୟୁ ଫାୟାର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA" [୯୮]
Craig Mello 01.JPG କ୍ରେଗ୍ ମେଲୋ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୦୭ MarioCapecchiFotoThalerTamas2.JPG ମାରିଓ କାପେଚି  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ଇଟାଲୀ
"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells." [୯୯]
Martin Evans Nobel Prize.jpg ମାର୍ଟିନ ଇଭାନ୍ସ  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
Oliver-smithies.jpg ଅଲିଭର୍ ସ୍ମିଥିସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୦୮ Harald zur Hausen-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-6.jpg ହରାଲ୍ଡ ଜୁର ହାଉସେନ୍  ଜର୍ମାନୀ "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer" [୧୦୦]
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-1.jpg ଫ୍ରାଙ୍କୋଇସ୍ ବାରେ-ସିନୋସି  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus" [୧୦୦]
LucMontagnier1995 065.jpg ଲୁକ୍ ମୋଣ୍ଟାଗ୍ନିଅର୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
୨୦୦୯ Elizabeth Blackburn 2009-01.JPG ଏଲିଜାବେଥ୍ ବ୍ଲାକବର୍ନ  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase" [୧୦୧]
GREIDER Carol 2014 - Less vignetting.jpg କାରୋଲ ଡବ୍ଲୁ ଗ୍ରେଡର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
JSzostak.jpg ଜ୍ୟାକ୍ ଡବ୍ଲ୍ୟୁ ଯୋଷ୍ଟାକ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୧୦ No image.svg ରବର୍ଟ ଜି ଏଡୱାର୍ଡସ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for the development of in vitro fertilization" [୧୦୨]
୨୦୧୧ Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KI-DSC 7512.jpg ବ୍ରୁସ୍ ବିଟଲର୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity" [୧୦୩]
Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KI-DSC 7584.jpg ଜୁଲେସ୍ ଏ ହୋଫମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ
No image.svg ରାଲ୍ଫ ଏମ୍ ଷ୍ଟେନମ୍ୟାନ୍  କାନାଡା "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity" (awarded posthumously)[୧୦୪][୧୦୫] [୧୦୩]
୨୦୧୨ John Gurdon Cambridge 2012.JPG ଜନ୍ ଗର୍ଡନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent" [୧୦୬]
Shinya Yamanaka ଶିନ୍ୟା ୟାମାନାକା  ଜାପାନ
୨୦୧୩ No image.svg ଜେମ୍ସ ଇ ରୋଥମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells" [୧୦୭]
Randy Schekman 8 February 2012.jpg ରାଣ୍ଡି ଡବ୍ଲୁ ସ୍କେକମ୍ୟାନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Thomas c südhof.jpg ଥୋମାସ୍ ସି ସୁଦୋଫ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ଜର୍ମାନୀ
୨୦୧୪ John O'Keefe (neuroscientist) 2014b.jpg ଜନ ଓ’କିଫ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
 ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
"for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain" [୧୦୮]
May-Britt Moser 2014.jpg ମେ-ବ୍ରିଟ୍ ମୋସର  ନରୱେ
Edvard Moser.jpg ଏଡଭାର୍ଡ ଆଇ ମୋସର  ନରୱେ
୨୦୧୫ William C. Campbell 4983-1-2015.jpg ୱିଲିୟମ୍ ସି କ୍ୟାମ୍ପବେଲ୍  ଆୟରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
 ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
"for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites" [୧୦୯]
Satoshi Ōmura 5086-1-2015.jpg ସତୋଶୀ ଓମୁରା  ଜାପାନ
Tu Youyou 5012-1-2015.jpg ତୁ ୟୁୟୁ  ଚୀନ "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against malaria" [୧୦୯]
୨୦୧୬ Nobel Laureates 1042 (30647248184).jpg ୟୋସିନୋରୀ ଓହସୁମି  ଜାପାନ "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy" [୧୧୦]
୨୦୧୭ Jeffrey C. Hall EM1B8737 (38162359274).jpg ଜେଫ୍ରି ସି ହଲ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm" [୧୧୧]
Michael Rosbash EM1B8756 (38847326642).jpg ମାଇକେଲ୍ ରୋଜବାଶ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
Michael W. Young D81 4345 (38162439194).jpg ମାଇକେଲ୍ ଡବ୍ଲୁ ୟଙ୍ଗ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୧୮ James P. Allison (2015).JPG ଜେମ୍ସ ପି ଆଲିସନ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation" [୧୧୨]
Tasuku Honjo 201311.jpg ତାସୁକୁ ହଞ୍ଜୋ  ଜାପାନ
୨୦୧୯ William G. Kaelin Jr. UNIST CGI 2019 (cropped).jpg ୱିଲିୟମ୍ କେଲିନ୍ ଜୁନିୟର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability" [୧୧୩]
Peter J. Ratcliffe at Centro Cultural de la Ciencia 01 (cropped).png ପିଟର ଜେ ରାଟକ୍ଲିଫ୍  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
No image.svg ଗ୍ରେଗ୍ ଏଲ୍ ସେମେଞ୍ଜା  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା
୨୦୨୦ Dr. Harvey J. Alter (1935- (28926785543) (cropped).jpg ହାର୍ଭେ ଜେ ଅଲଟର  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus" [୧୧୪]
Prof Michael Houghton.jpg Michael Houghton  ଯୁକ୍ତ ରାଜ୍ୟ
No image.svg Charles M. Rice  ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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