ବ୍ୟବହାରକାରୀ:Snip1/List of operating systems

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This is a list of operating systems. Computer operating systems can be categorized by technology, ownership, licensing, working state, usage, and by many other characteristics. In practice, many of these groupings may overlap. Criteria for inclusion is notability, as shown either through an existing Wikipedia article or citation to a reliable source.


Acorn Computers[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Amiga Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Apple Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Apollo Computer[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


BAE Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Be Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Bell Labs[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Non-Unix Operating Systems:

Bull SAS[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Burroughs Corporation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Control Data Corporation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Chippewa Operating System (COS)
    • SIPROS (for Simultaneous Processing Operating System)
    • SCOPE (Supervisory Control Of Program Execution)
    • MACE (Mansfield and Cahlander Executive)
      • Kronos (Kronographic OS)
        • NOS (Network Operating System)
          • NOS/BE NOS Batch Environment
  • EP/IX (Enhanced Performance Unix)

Convergent Technologies[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Data General[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  • CTOS Z-80 based, Cassette Tape Operating System for early desktop systems. Capable of up to 8 simultaneous users. Replaced by DataPoint DOS.
  • DOS Intel 808x/80x86-based, Disk Operating Systems for desktop systems. Capable of up to 32 users per node. Supported a sophisticated network of nodes that were often purpose-built. The name DOS was used in these products login screens before it was popularized by IBM, Microsoft and others.

DDC-I, Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Deos Time & Space Partitioned RTOS, Certified to DO-178B, Level A since 1998
  • HeartOS Posix-based Hard Real-Time Operating System

Digital Research, Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Digital/Tandem Computers/Compaq/HP[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ENEA AB[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • OSE Flexible, small footprint, high-performance RTOS for control processors



Android Jelly Bean on the Galaxy Note
  • Google Chrome OS is designed to work exclusively with web applications. Announced on July 7, 2009, Chrome OS is currently publicly available and was released summer 2011. The Chrome OS source code was released on November 19, 2009 under the BSD license as Chromium OS.
  • Chromium OS is an open source operating system development version of Google Chrome OS. Both operating systems are based on the Linux kernel.
  • Android is an operating system for mobile devices. Android is based on Linux core.
  • es is a computer operating system developed originally by Nintendo and since 2008 by Google. It is open source and runs natively on x86 platforms.

Green Hills Software[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Heathkit/Zenith Data Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  • HP Multi-Programming Executive; (MPE, MPE/XL, and MPE/iX) runs on HP 3000 and HP e3000 mini-computers.
  • HP-UX; runs on HP9000 and Itanium servers - from small to mainframe-class computers.


Intel Corporation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • iRMX; real-time operating system originally created to support the Intel 8080 and 8086 processor families in embedded applications.
  • ISIS-II; "Intel Systems Implementation Supervisor" was THE environment for development of software within the Intel microprocessor family in the early 1980s on their Intellec Microcomputer Development System and clones. ISIS-II worked with 8 inch floppy disks and had an editor, cross-assemblers, a linker, an object locator, debugger, compilers for PLM (PL/I for microprocessors of the 8080/86 family), a BASIC interpreter, etc. and allowed file management through a console.


On early IBM mainframes (1400, 1800, 701, 704, 709, 7090, and 7094)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

On IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • OS/360 and successors on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes
    • OS/360 (first official OS targeted for the System/360 architecture),
      Saw customer installations of the following variations:
      • PCP (Primary Control Program, a kernel and a ground breaking automatic space allocating file system)
      • MFT (original Multi-programming with a Fixed number of Tasks, replaced by MFT II)
      • MFT II (Multi-Programming with a Fixed number of Tasks, had up to 15 fixed size application partitions, plus partitions for system tasks, initially defined at boot time but redefinable by operator command)
      • MVT (Multi-Programming Variable Tasks, had up to 15 application regions defined dynamically, plus additional regions for system tasks)
    • OS/VS (port of OS/360 targeted for the System/370 virtual memory architecture, "OS/370" is not correct name for OS/VS1 and OS/VS2, but rather refers to OS/VS2 MVS and MVS/SP Version 1),
      Customer installations in the following variations:
      • SVS (Single Virtual Storage, both VS1 & VS2 began as SVS systems)
      • OS/VS1 (Operating System/Virtual Storage 1, Virtual-memory version of MFT II)
      • OS/VS2 (Operating System/Virtual Storage 2, Virtual-memory version of OS/MVT but without multiprocessing support)
    • MVS/SE (MVS System Extensions)
    • MVS/SP (MVS System Product)
    • MVS/XA (MVS/SP V2. MVS supported eXtended Architecture, 31-bit addressing)
    • MVS/ESA (MVS supported Enterprise System Architecture, horizontal addressing extensions: data only address spaces called Dataspaces; a Unix environment was available starting with MVS/ESA V4R3)
    • OS/390 (Upgrade from MVS, with an additional Unix environment)
    • z/OS (OS/390 supported z/Architecture, 64-bit addressing)
  • DOS/360 and successors on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes
    • BOS/360 (early interim version of DOS/360, briefly available at a few Alpha & Beta System/360 sites)
    • TOS/360 (similar to BOS above and more fleeting, able to boot and run from 2x00 series tape drives)
    • DOS/360 (Disk Operating System (DOS), multi-programming system with up to 3 partitions, first commonly available OS for System/360)
      • DOS/360/RJE (DOS/360 with a control program extension that provided for the monitoring of remote job entry hardware (card reader & printer) connected by dedicated phone lines)
    • DOS/VS (First DOS offered on System/370 systems, provided virtual storage)
    • DOS/VSE (also known as VSE, upgrade of DOS/VS, up to 14 fixed size processing partitions )
    • VSE/SP (program product replacing DOS/VSE and VSE/AF)
    • VSE/ESA (DOS/VSE extended virtual memory support to 32-bit addresses (Extended System Architecture)).
    • z/VSE (latest version of the four decades old DOS lineage, supports 64-bit addresses, multiprocessing, multiprogramming, SNA, TCP/IP, and some virtual machine features in support of Linux workloads)

CP/CMS (Control Program/Cambridge Monitor System) and successors on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes

  • TPF Line (Transaction Processing Facility) on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes (largely used by airlines)
  • Unix-like on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes
  • Others on IBM S/360, S/370, and successor mainframes:
    • BOS/360 (Basic Operating System)
    • MTS (Michigan Terminal System, developed by a group of universities in the US, Canada, and the UK for the IBM System/360 Model 67, System/370 series, and compatible mainframes)
    • RTOS/360 (IBM's Real Time Operating System, ran on 5 NASA custom System/360-75s)
    • TOS/360 (Tape Operating System)
    • TSS/360 (IBM's Time Sharing System)
    • MUSIC/SP (developed by McGill University for IBM System/370)
    • ORVYL and WYLBUR (developed by Stanford University for IBM System/360)

On IBM PC and Intel x86 based architectures[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

    • PC DOS 1.x, 2.x, 3.x (developed jointly with Microsoft)
    • IBM DOS 4.x, 5.0 (developed jointly with Microsoft)
    • PC DOS 6.1, 6.3, 7, 2000, 7.10

On other IBM hardware platforms[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

International Computers Limited[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • J and MultiJob for the System 4 series mainframes
  • GEORGE 2/3/4 GEneral ORGanisational Environment, used by ICL 1900 series mainframes
  • Executive, used on the 290x range of minicomputers
  • TME, used on the ME29 minicomputer
  • ICL VME, including early variants VME/B and VME/2900, appearing on the ICL 2900 Series and Series 39 mainframes, implemented in S3
  • VME/K on early smaller 2900s

LynuxWorks (originally Lynx Real-time Systems)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Micrium Inc.[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • MicroC/OS-II (Small pre-emptive priority based multi-tasking kernel)
  • MicroC/OS-III (Small pre-emptive priority based multi-tasking kernel, with unlimited number of tasks and priorities, and round robin scheduling)

Microsoft Corporation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

MontaVista Software[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

NCR Corporation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • TMX - Transaction Management eXecutive


  • NetWare network operating system providing high-performance network services. Has been superseded by Open Enterprise Server line, which can be based on NetWare or Linux to provide the same set of services.
  • Open Enterprise Server, the successor to NetWare.

Quadros Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • RTXC Quadros RTOS proprietary C-based RTOS used in embedded systems ows


  • TSOS, first OS supporting virtual addressing of the main storage and support for both timeshare and batch interface


  • DSPnano RTOS 8/16 Bit Ultra Tiny Embedded Linux Compatible RTOS

Samsung Electronics[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

SCO / The SCO Group[୩][ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Xenix, Unix System III based distribution for the Intel 8086/8088 architecture
    • Xenix 286, Unix System V Release 2 based distribution for the Intel 80286 architecture
    • Xenix 386, Unix System V Release 2 based distribution for the Intel 80386 architecture
  • SCO Unix, SCO UNIX System V/386 was the first volume commercial product licensed by AT&T to use the UNIX System trademark (1989). Derived from AT&T System V Release 3.2 with an infusion of Xenix device drivers and utilities plus most of the SVR4 features
    • SCO Open Desktop, the first 32-bit graphical user interface for UNIX Systems running on Intel processor-based computers. Based on SCO Unix
  • SCO OpenServer 5, AT&T UNIX System V Release 3 based
  • SCO OpenServer 6, SVR5 (UnixWare 7) based kernel with SCO OpenServer 5 application and binary compatibility, system administration, and user environments
  • UnixWare
    • UnixWare 2.x, based on AT&T System V Release 4.2MP
    • UnixWare 7, UnixWare 2 kernel plus parts of 3.2v5 (UnixWare 2 + OpenServer 5 = UnixWare 7). Referred to by SCO as SVR5

Scientific Data Systems (SDS)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  • PikeOS is a certified real time operating system for safety and security critical embedded systems

TRON Project[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


UNIVAC (later Unisys)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Wang Laboratories[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • WPS Wang Word Processing System. Micro-code based system.
  • OIS Wang Office Information System. Successor to the WPS. Combined the WPS and VP/MVP systems.

Wind River Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • VxWorks Small footprint, scalable, high-performance RTOS



Non-standard language-based[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Other proprietary non-Unix-like[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Other proprietary Unix-like and POSIX-compliant[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]



Research Unix-like and other POSIX-compliant[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Free and open source Unix-like[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Ubuntu, an example of a Unix-like system
  • BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution, a variant of Unix for DEC VAX hardware)
  • GNU
  • Linux (GNU Free/Open Source Operating System Software combined with the Linux kernel)

Other Unix-like[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • TUNIS (University of Toronto)


Research non-Unix-like[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Free and open source non-Unix-like[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Disk Operating Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Network Operating Systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Web operating systems[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Generic/commodity and other[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

For Elektronika BK[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]



Personal digital assistants (PDAs)[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Digital media players[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Smartphones and Mobile phones[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


Other embedded[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


LEGO Mindstorms[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Other capability-based[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

See also[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Category links[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  1. "4.5.1. What are the characteristics of the Lisa Workshop?". Lisafaq.sunder.net. 2006-11-12. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  2. "Operating System Reference Manual for the Lisa" (PDF). Pagetable.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  3. "SCO History by William Bader". Retrieved 2010-03-12.
  4. "Эльбрус Бабаяна и Pentium Пентковского". Ixbt.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ "Capability-Based Computer Systems" (PDF). Cs.washington.edu. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  6. "Fujitsu Extended System Architecture (EXA) Operating System" (PDF). Fujitsu.com. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  7. "HP News - LG Electronics Acquires webOS from HP to Enhance Smart TV". .hp.com. 2013-02-25. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
  8. "Free GNU/Linux distributions". 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-10-01.; "LibreWRT". 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
  9. Wulf, William A.; Harbison, Samual P. "Reflections in a pool of processors - An experience report on C.mmp/Hydra" (PDF). Cs.aukland.ac.nz. p. 945. Retrieved 2013-09-21.

External links[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Operating system