ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷା

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ


ଏହି ଲେଖାଟି ଏହି ପ୍ରସଙ୍ଗଟି ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷା ବାବଦରେ । ଏହାର ବ୍ୟାକରଣ ପାଇଁ, ଇଂରାଜୀ ବ୍ୟାକରଣ ପ୍ରସଙ୍ଗଟି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ ।
ଇଂରାଜୀ
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/[୧]
ଅଞ୍ଚଳ (see below)
Native କହୁଥିବା ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା ପ୍ରକାଶନରେ ଅସୁବିଧା: ଅଜଣା ଚିହ୍ନ "�" ।[୨]
L2: ≈ 250 million (2001)[୨]
to ≈ 1.8 billion (2004)[୩]
ଭାଷା ପରିବାର
ଲେଖିବା ପ୍ରଣାଳୀ English alphabet (Latin script)
ସରକାରୀ ସ୍ଥିତି
କେଉଁଠାରେ ଏହା ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷା: 54 countries
27 non-sovereign entities
United Nations
European Union
Commonwealth of Nations
Council of Europe
IOC
NATO
NAFTA
OAS
OECD
OIC
PIF
UKUSA Agreement
ଭାଷା କୋଡ଼
ISO 639-1 en
ISO 639-2 eng
ISO 639-3 eng
Linguasphere 52-ABA
Anglospeak.svg
  Countries where English is an official or de facto official language, or national language, and is spoken fluently by the majority of the population
  Countries where it is an official but not primary language
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

ଇଂରାଜୀ ଭାଷା, ହେଉଛି ଏକ ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଜର୍ମାନୀୟ ଭାଷା , ଯାହା ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡରେ କୁହାଯାଉଥିଲା, ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନ ଏହା ସାରା ବିଶ୍ଵରେ ବହୁଳ ମାତ୍ରାରେ ବ୍ୟବହାର ହେଉଅଛି ।[୪] ଏହା ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ, ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା, କାନାଡ଼ା, ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ, ଆୟରଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ, ନିଉଜିଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ ଓ ଅନେକ କାରିବିଆନ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ସମେତ ଆହୁରି ଅନେକ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରରେ ପ୍ରଥମ ଭାଷା ରୂପେ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଇଥାଏ ।

ବିଶେଷତ୍ଵ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିଭକ୍ତିକରଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୋଗଳିକ ବଣ୍ଟନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାରକାରୀ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Country Total Percent of population First language As an additional language Population Comment
United States ଯୁକ୍ତରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଆମେରିକା ୨୫୧,୩୮୮,୩୦୧ ୯୬% ୨୧୫,୪୨୩,୫୫୭ ୩୫,୯୬୪,୭୪୪ ୨୬୨,୩୭୫,୧୫୨ Source: US Census 2000: Language Use and English-Speaking Ability: 2000, Table 1. Figure for second language speakers are respondents who reported they do not speak English at home but know it "very well" or "well". Note: figures are for population age 5 and older
ଭାରତ ଭାରତ ୧୨୫,୩୪୪,୭୩୫ ୧୨% ୨୨୬,୪୪୯ ୮୬,୧୨୫,୨୨୧ second language speakers.
୩୮,୯୯୩,୦୬୬ third language speakers
୧,୦୨୮,୭୩୭,୪୩୬ Figures include both those who speak English as a second language and those who speak it as a third language. 2001 figures.[୫][୬] The figures include English speakers, but not English users.[୭]
ପାକିସ୍ତାନ ପାକିସ୍ତାନ ୮୮,୬୯୦,୦୦୦ ୪୯% ୮୮,୬୯୦,୦୦୦ ୧୮୦,୪୪୦,୦୦୫ Source: Euromonitor International report 2009. "The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Cameroon,Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan." 'A custom report compiled by Euromonitor International for the British Council'.
ନାଇଜେରିଆ ୭୯,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ ୫୩% ୪,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ >୭୫,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ ୧୪୮,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ Figures are for speakers of Nigerian Pidgin, an English-based pidgin or creole. Ihemere gives a range of roughly 3 to 5 million native speakers; the midpoint of the range is used in the table. Ihemere, Kelechukwu Uchechukwu. 2006. "A Basic Description and Analytic Treatment of Noun Clauses in Nigerian Pidgin." Nordic Journal of African Studies 15(3): 296–313.
ୟୁନାଇଟେଡ କିଙ୍ଗଡମ ଯୁକ୍ତରାଜ୍ୟ ୫୯,୬୦୦,୦୦୦ ୯୮% ୫୮,୧୦୦,୦୦୦ ୧,୫୦୦,୦୦୦ ୬୦,୦୦୦,୦୦୦ Source: Crystal (2005), p. 109.
Philippines ଫିଲିପାଇନ୍ସ ୪୮,୮୦୦,୦୦୦ ୫୮%[୮] ୩,୪୨୭,୦୦୦[୮] ୪୩,୯୭୪,୦୦୦ ୮୪,୫୬୬,୦୦୦ Total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English. Native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew González in The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487–525. (1998). Ethnologue lists 3.4 million native speakers with 52% of the population speaking it as an additional language.[୮]
Canada କାନାଡ଼ା ୨୫,୨୪୬,୨୨୦ ୮୫% ୧୭,୬୯୪,୮୩୦ ୭,୫୫୧,୩୯୦ ୨୯,୬୩୯,୦୩୦ Source: 2001 Census – Knowledge of Official Languages and Mother Tongue. The native speakers figure comprises 122,660 people with both French and English as a mother tongue, plus 17,572,170 people with English and not French as a mother tongue.
ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ ଅଷ୍ଟ୍ରେଲିଆ ୧୮,୧୭୨,୯୮୯ ୯୨% ୧୫,୫୮୧,୩୨୯ ୨,୫୯୧,୬୬୦ ୧୯,୮୫୫,୨୮୮ Source: 2006 Census.[୯] The figure shown in the first language English speakers column is actually the number of Australian residents who speak only English at home. The additional language column shows the number of other residents who claim to speak English "well" or "very well". Another 5% of residents did not state their home language or English proficiency.
ନ୍ୟୁଜିଲାଣ୍ଡ ୩,୬୭୩,୬୨୬ ୯୧.୨% ୩,୦୦୮,୦୫୮ ୬୬୫,୫୬୮ ୪,୦୨୭,୯୪୭ Source: 2006 Census.[୧୦] The figures are people who can speak English with sufficient fluency to hold an everyday conversation. The figure shown in the first language English speakers column is actually the number of New Zealand residents who reported to speak English only, while the additional language column shows the number of New Zealand residents who reported to speak English as one of two or more languages.
Note: Total = First language + Other language; Percentage = Total / Population

ଯେଉଁ ଦେଶରେ ଇଂରାଜୀ ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟାକରଣ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅଧିକ ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. English Adjective – Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary – Oxford University Press ©2010.
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ The Triumph of English, The Economist, 20 December 2001
  3. "Lecture 7: World-Wide English". EHistLing. http://classic-web.archive.org/web/20070401233529/http://www.ehistling-pub.meotod.de/01_lec06.php. Retrieved 26 March 2007. 
  4. seth mydans (14 may 2007)"across cultures english is a word" New York Times . Retrieved 21 September 2011
  5. Table C-17: Population by Bilingualism and trilingualism, 2001 Census of India [୧]
  6. Tropf, Herbert S. 2004. India and its Languages[dead link]. Siemens AG, Munich
  7. For the distinction between "English Speakers" and "English Users", see: TESOL-India (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages). Their article explains the difference between the 350 million number mentioned in a previous version of this Wikipedia article and a more plausible 90 million number:

    Wikipedia's India estimate of 350 million includes two categories – "English Speakers" and "English Users". The distinction between the Speakers and Users is that Users only know how to read English words while Speakers know how to read English, understand spoken English as well as form their own sentences to converse in English. The distinction becomes clear when you consider the China numbers. China has over 200~350 million users that can read English words but, as anyone can see on the streets of China, only handful of million who are English speakers.

  8. ୮.୦ ୮.୧ ୮.୨ "Ethnologue report for Philippines". Ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=PH. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  9. "Australian Bureau of Statistics". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ViewData?action=404&documentproductno=0&documenttype=Details&order=1&tabname=Details&areacode=0&issue=2006&producttype=Census%20Tables&javascript=true&textversion=false&navmapdisplayed=true&breadcrumb=TLPD&&collection=Census&period=2006&productlabel=Proficiency%20in%20Spoken%20English/Language%20by%20Age%20-%20Time%20Series%20Statistics%20(1996,%202001,%202006%20Census%20Years)&producttype=Census%20Tables&method=Place%20of%20Usual%20Residence&topic=Cultural%20&. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  10. "2006 Census Data - QuickStats About Culture and Identity - Tables". Statistics New Zealand. http://www.stats.govt.nz/~/media/Statistics/Census/2006-reports/quickstats-subject/Culture-Identity/quickstats-about-culture-and-identity-tables.xls. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 

ଅଧିକ ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Dictionaries