ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ବିଜେତା

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ସମସ୍ଥ ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ବିଜେତା

ବିଶ୍ୱରେ ପ୍ରତିଭା ସମ୍ପନ୍ନ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିମାନଙ୍କୁ ଯେତେଗୁଡିଏ ପୁରସ୍କାର ଦିଆଯିବାର ବ୍ୟବସ୍ଥା ରହିଛି ତନ୍ମଧ୍ୟରେ ନୋବେଲ ପୁରସ୍କାର ହେଉଛି ବିଶ୍ୱର ସର୍ବଶ୍ରେଷ୍ଠ ପୁରସ୍କାର। ଶାନ୍ତି,ଚିକିତ୍ସା,ସାହିତ୍ୟ,ପଦାର୍ଥ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ,ରସାୟନ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ ଏବଂ ଅର୍ଥନୀତି କ୍ଷେତ୍ରରେ ଯେ କୈଣସି ଦେଶ ଓ ଜାତିର ଯୋଗ୍ୟବିବେଚିତ ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିଙ୍କୁ ଏହି ବାର୍ଷିକ ପୁରସ୍କାର ଦିଆଯାଏ। ପ୍ରଥମ ମହିଳା ନୋବେଲ ବିଜେତା ମେରୀ କ୍ୟୁରୀ ଥିଲେ ଏବେ ୨୦୧୫ ମସିହାରେ ମଲାଲା ୟୁସୂଫଜୈ ପାଇଛନ୍ତି।


Year Image Laureate Country Category Rationale
1903 Marie Curie.jpg Skłodowska-Curie, MarieMarie Skłodowska-Curie
(shared with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel)
Poland and France Physics "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"[୧]
1905 Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg Suttner, Bertha vonBertha von Suttner Austria–Hungary Peace Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau, Bern, Switzerland; Author of Lay Down Your Arms.[୨]
1909 Selma Lagerlöf.jpg Lagerlof, SelmaSelma Lagerlöf Sweden Literature "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[୩]
1911 Marie Curie.jpg Curie-Skłodowska, MarieMarie Curie-Skłodowska Poland and France Chemistry "for her discovery of radium and polonium"[୪]
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Deledda, GraziaGrazia Deledda Italy Literature "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[୫]
1928 Sigrid Undset 1928.jpg Undset, SigridSigrid Undset Norway Literature "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[୬]
1931 Jane Addams profile.jpg Addams, JaneJane Addams
(shared with Nicholas Murray Butler)
United States Peace Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[୭]
1935 Irène Joliot-Curie Harcourt.jpg Joliot-Curie, IreneIrène Joliot-Curie
(shared with Frédéric Joliot-Curie)
France Chemistry "for their synthesis of new radioactive elements"[୮]
1938 Pearl Buck 1972.jpg Buck, Pearl S.Pearl S. Buck United States Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[୯]
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01.jpg Mistral, GabrielaGabriela Mistral Chile Literature "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[୧୦]
1946 EmilyGreeneBalch.jpg Balch, Emily GreeneEmily Greene Balch
(shared with John Raleigh Mott)
United States Peace Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[୧୧]
1947 Gerty Theresa Cori.jpg Cori, Gerty TheresaGerty Theresa Cori
(shared with Carl Ferdinand Cori and Bernardo Houssay)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"[୧୨]
1963 Maria Goeppert-Mayer.jpg Goeppert-Mayer, MariaMaria Goeppert-Mayer
(shared with J. Hans D. Jensen and Eugene Wigner)
United States Physics "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"[୧୩]
1964 ଫାଇଲ:Dorothy Hodgkin Nobel.jpg Hodgkin, Dorothy CrowfootDorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin United Kingdom Chemistry "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"[୧୪]
1966 Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg Sachs, NellyNelly Sachs
(shared with Samuel Agnon)
Sweden and Germany Literature "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[୧୫]
1976 Betty Williams.jpg Williams, BettyBetty Williams United Kingdom Peace Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)[୧୬]
Mairead Corrigan Gaza.jpg Corrigan, MaireadMairead Corrigan
1977 Rosalyn Yalow - portrait.jpg Sussman Yalow, RosalynRosalyn Sussman Yalow
(shared with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"[୧୭]
1979 MotherTeresa 090.jpg Teresa, MotherMother Teresa India and
Peace Leader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta.[୧୮]
1982 ARB-Alva-Myrdal.jpg Myrdal, AlvaAlva Myrdal
(shared with Alfonso García Robles)
Sweden Peace Former Cabinet Minister; Diplomat; Writer.[୧୯]
1983 Barbara McClintock (1902-1992) shown in her laboratory in 1947.jpg McClintock, BarbaraBarbara McClintock United States Physiology or Medicine "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"[୨୦]
1986 Rita Levi Montalcini.jpg Levi-Montalcini, RitaRita Levi-Montalcini
(shared with Stanley Cohen)
Italy and
United States
Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of growth factors"[୨୧]
1988 Nci-vol-8236-300 Gertrude Elion.jpg Elion, Gertrude B.Gertrude B. Elion
(shared with James W. Black and George H. Hitchings)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"[୨୨]
1991 Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG Gordimer, NadineNadine Gordimer South Africa Literature "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[୨୩]
Remise du Prix Sakharov à Aung San Suu Kyi Strasbourg 22 octobre 2013-18.jpg Suu Kyi, Aung SanAung San Suu Kyi Burma Peace "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[୨୪]
1992 Rigoberta Menchu 2009 cropped.jpg Menchu, RigobertaRigoberta Menchú Guatemala Peace "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[୨୫]
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Morrison, ToniToni Morrison United States Literature "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[୨୬]
1995 Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard mg 4383.jpg Nusslein-Volhard, ChristianeChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(shared with Edward B. Lewis and Eric F. Wieschaus)
Germany Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"[୨୭]
1996 Szymborska 2011 (1).jpg Szymborska, WislawaWisława Szymborska Poland Literature "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[୨୮]
1997 JodyWilliamsMay2010.jpg Williams, JodyJody Williams
(shared with the International Campaign to Ban Landmines)
United States Peace "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[୨୯]
2003 Shirin-Ebadi-Amsterdam-2011-Photo-by-Persian-Dutch-Network.jpg Ebadi, ShirinShirin Ebadi Iran Peace "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"[୩୦]
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg Jelinek, ElfriedeElfriede Jelinek Austria Literature "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[୩୧]
Wangari Maathai portrait by Martin Rowe.jpg Maathai, WangariWangari Maathai Kenya Peace "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[୩୨]
LindaBuck cropped 1.jpg Buck, Linda B.Linda B. Buck
(shared with Richard Axel)
United States Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"[୩୩]
2007 Doris lessing 20060312 (square).jpg Lessing, DorisDoris Lessing United Kingdom Literature "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[୩୪]
2008 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-1.jpg Barre-Sinoussi, FrancoiseFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
(shared with Harald zur Hausen and Luc Montagnier)
France Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of HIV, human immunodeficiency virus"[୩୫]
2009 Elizabeth Blackburn CHF Heritage Day 2012 Rush 001.JPG Blackburn, ElizabethElizabeth Blackburn
(shared with Jack W. Szostak)
Australia and United States Physiology or Medicine "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"[୩୬]
Carol Greider 2009-01.JPG Greider, Carol W.Carol W. Greider
(shared with Jack W. Szostak)
United States
Ada E. Yonath.jpg Yonath, Ada E.Ada E. Yonath
(shared with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz)
Israel Chemistry "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"[୩୭]
Müller, Herta.IMG 9379 cropped.JPG Muller, HertaHerta Müller Germany and Romania Literature "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[୩୮]
Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-30.jpg Ostrom, ElinorElinor Ostrom
(shared with Oliver E. Williamson)
United States Economics "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[୩୯]
2011 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf Liberia Peace "For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[୪୦]
Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg Gbowee, LeymahLeymah Gbowee
Tawakkul Karman (Munich Security Conference 2012).jpg Karman, TawakelTawakel Karman Yemen

Alice Munro.jpg

Munro, AliceAlice Munro Canada Literature "master of the contemporary short story"[୪୧]

May-Britt Moser 2014.jpg

Moser, May-BrittMay-Britt Moser
(shared with Edvard Moser and John O'Keefe)
Norway Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"[୪୨]
Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg Yousafzai, MalalaMalala Yousafzai
(shared with Kailash Satyarthi)
Pakistan Peace "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".[୪୩]
2015 Tu Youyou 5012-1-2015.jpg Youyou, TuTu Youyou
(shared with William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura)
China Physiology or Medicine "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria (artemisinin)"[୪୪]
Swetlana Alexandrowna Alexijewitsch.jpg Alexievich, SvetlanaSvetlana Alexievich Belarus Literature "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"[୪୫]
2018 Donna Strickland - 2017 (cropped).jpg Strickland, DonnaDonna Strickland
(shared with Gérard Mourou and Arthur Ashkin)
Canada Physics "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses"[୪୬]
Frances Arnold 2012.png Arnold, FrancesFrances Arnold
(shared with Gregory Winter and George Smith)
United States Chemistry "for the directed evolution of enzymes"[୪୭]
Nadia Murad in Washington - 2018 (42733243785) (cropped).jpg Murad, NadiaNadia Murad
(shared with Denis Mukwege)
Iraq Peace "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"[୪୮]
Olga Tokarczuk (2018).jpg Tokarczuk, OlgaOlga Tokarczuk Poland Literature "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life"[୪୯]

Esther Duflo - Pop!Tech 2009 - 001 (cropped (2)).jpg

Duflo, EstherEsther Duflo
(shared with Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer)
France and United States Economics "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty"[୫୦]
2020 Ghez, Andrea M.Andrea M. Ghez
(shared with Reinhard Genzel and Roger Penrose)
United States Physics "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy"[୫୧]
Emmanuelle Charpentier.jpg Charpentier, EmmanuelleEmmanuelle Charpentier
(shared with Jennifer Doudna)
France Chemistry "for the development of a method for genome editing"[୫୨]
Professor Jennifer Doudna ForMemRS.jpg Doudna, JenniferJennifer Doudna
(shared with Emmanuelle Charpentier)
United States Chemistry "for the development of a method for genome editing"[୫୩]
Louise Glück circa 1977.jpg Glück, LouiseLouise Glück United States Literature "for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal"[୫୪]


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