ବ୍ୟବହାରକାରୀ:Soumendrak/୨୦୧୯ ବାଲାକୋଟ ଆକାଶୀୟ ଆକ୍ରମଣ

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2019 Balakot airstrike
Part of Indo-Pakistani conflicts
and Kashmir conflict
Date 26 ଫେବୃଆରୀ 2019 (2019-02-26)
Location Balakot, Pakistan[୧][୨]
34°27′48″N 73°19′08″E / 34.46333°N 73.31889°E / 34.46333; 73.31889Coordinates: 34°27′48″N 73°19′08″E / 34.46333°N 73.31889°E / 34.46333; 73.31889
Belligerents
 ଭାରତ Jaishi-e-Mohammed.svg JeM  ପାକିସ୍ଥାନ
Commanders and leaders
Unknown
Units involved
Unknown
Strength
12 Mirage 2000 fighter jets Unknown
Casualties and losses
None Indian claim:

350 militants killed[୩][୪] Pakistani claim: None killed

None
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ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Campaignbox Indo-Pakistani Wars

ସନ ୨୦୧୯ ଫେବୃୟାରୀ ମାସ ୨୬ ତାରିଖରେ ଭାରତୀୟ ବାୟୁସେନାର ବାରଟି ମିରେଜ-୨୦୦୦ ଯୁଦ୍ଧବିମାନ ଜମ୍ମୁ ଓ କାଶ୍ମୀରରେ ଥିବା ଲାଇନ ଅଫ କଣ୍ଟ୍ରୋଲ ଅତିକ୍ରମ କରି ପାକିସ୍ତାନ ଭିତରେ ଥିବା ବାଲାକୋଟ ସହରରେ ଆକାଶମାର୍ଗରୁ ଆକ୍ରମଣ କରିଥିଲେ । ୧୨ ଦିନ ପୂର୍ବରୁ ହୋଇଥିବା ପୁଲୱାମା ଆତଙ୍କବାଦ ଆକ୍ରମଣର ଏହା ପ୍ରତିଶୋଧ ବୋଲି ଭାରତ କହିଥିଲା ।[୫]

According to India, the jets struck a Jaish-e-Mohammed-operated militant camp at Balakot, killing around 350 militants.[୫][୬] According to Pakistan, the aircraft violated their airspace near Muzaffarabad. Pakistan scrambled its jets in response, forcing the Indian jets to retreat to Indian airspace. In the process of returning to Indian airspace, the aircraft had to drop their payloads. Pakistan claimed that no casualties or damage had been inflicted.[୭][୮]

The attack was the first time since Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 that Indian Air Force crossed and attacked Pakistan beyond the line of control, as well as the first time since both states have acquired nuclear weapons.[୯]

ପୃଷ୍ଠଭୂମି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

On 14 February 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel on the Jammu Srinagar National Highway was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber at Lethpora in the Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The attack resulted in the deaths of 46 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and the attacker. The perpetrator of the attack was from Indian-administered Kashmir, and his explosives were locally procured.[୧୦] The responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Pakistan-based Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).[୧୧][୧୨][୧୩] Pakistan condemned the attack, and denied any connection to it.[୧୪]

The airstrike occurred ahead of the 2019 Indian general election.[୧୫][୧୬] On February 19, Pakistan's PM attributed Indian government's desire to attack Pakistan to the upcoming election.[୧୭][୧୮] The Indian government rejected the allegation.[୧୭]

After the attack, JeM moved many recruits, along with their trainers and other hardcore militants, out of Azad Kashmir and to Balakot Tehsil, on the border between Azad Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The area was known to house a terrorist training camp, according to a 2004 United States Department of Defence interrogation report released by WikiLeaks.[୧୯] The document states:

"Detainee has admitted to volunteering to fight Jihad against the US and its allies, remaining after the events of September 11th to continue to fight, and receiving training from the JEM. Detainee received training in Balakot, PK, a location known to house a training camp that offers both basic and advanced terrorist training on explosives and artillery. Detainee is a probable member of the JEM and as such, if released would likely gravitate back to that Islamic extremist group. The JEM espouses Jihad against the US and is directly supported by Al-Qaida." - Joint Task Force Guantanamo, 31 January 2004[୧୯]

The camp was located in a hilltop forest, 20 km from Balakot. It was a resort-style facility, with space and room for 500-700 militants, including a swimming pool, cooks and cleaners.[୨୦]

ଘଟଣାବଳୀ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

On 26 February 2019, 12 Mirage 2000 jets of the Indian Air Force (IAF) crossed the Line of Control and bombed an alleged JeM-operated terrorist camp at Balakot. The Indian Foreign Secretary termed the airstrike as "non-military, preemptive airstrikes".[୫] This was India's first airstrike against Pakistan since the War of 1971.[୨୧] Some Indian news channels also reported two more airstrikes by India on terrorist launch pads in Chakothi and Muzaffarabad.[୨୨][୨୩]

Indian media reported that the camp was levelled, and about 350 JeM militants were killed.[୨୪] Pakistan reported Indian aircraft violated their airspace near Muzaffarabad and "released a payload" near Balakot. They claimed that there was open space where the aircraft dropped the bombs, and provided images of destroyed forest to corroborate their account.[୨୫] Pakistan scrambled their own jets, but stated no casualties or damage had been inflicted.[୨୬][୮]

ଦାବି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାରତ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

India's foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale stated that the IAF had conducted strikes against a Jaish-e-Mohammad training camp, in retaliation for the 2019 Pulwama attack which he said was orchestrated by the group. He claimed that the strikes were motivated by a "lack of Pakistani action on terrorism" combined with "imminent danger" from terrorists. He claimed that the strike resulted in large casualties for Jaish-e-Mohammad, and that the target was chosen to minimize damage to civilians following intelligence reports.[୨୭] Earlier, the spokesperson of the Indian Defense Ministry said that he had no information about Pakistani allegations of airspace violations.[୨୮]

ପାକିସ୍ତାନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The efficacy of this attack has been contested by Pakistan. According to official sources, the quick scrambling of Pakistani Air Force (PAF) jets resulted in the Indian aircraft retreating across the Line of Control,[୨୯] in the process releasing their payloads. According to these sources, this included a fuel dump in free fall in an open area resulting in no casualties or damage.[୩୦][୩୧][୩୨][୨୬]

Shah Mehmood Qureshi, foreign minister of Pakistan, said that Pakistan reserved the right to retaliate.[୩୩] The prime minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, convened an emergency meeting to review the situation.[୩୪] At the end of this meeting, the National Security Council (NSC) released a statement denying Indian claims of the destruction of any terrorist camp. The statement described the attack as "uncalled for", and added that retaliation would be forthcoming after a joint parliamentary session.[୩୫][୩୬]

In a press briefing, Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) spokesman, Major General Asif Ghafoor stated that 3 IAF air teams were spotted approaching the Pakistan border from various sectors in the early hours of 26 February. He added that the two of these teams did not cross the border following a challenge from Pakistani aircraft flying combat air patrol, but the third one crossed the Line of Control from the Kiran Valley before being intercepted by PAF jets within 3 minutes of the incursion.[୩୭]

ପରବର୍ତ୍ତୀ ଘଟଣାବଳୀ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The IAF put air defence systems on alert along the international border and Line of Control to respond to any possible retaliation by the Pakistan Air Force.[୩୮] India tested quick reaction surface-to-air missiles off the coast of Odisha; two missiles were tested by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of a missile being developed for the Army.[୩୯]

Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi summoned an emergency meeting in Islamabad, Pakistan to discuss the security situation.[୪୦]. He also stated that Pakistan will take international media to the area of strikes. Helicopters were being prepared, but due to bad weather conditions, they will fly when weather permits.[୪୧]

On the same day, a Pakistani drone was reported to have been shot down near the India-Pakistan international border and its debris was found in Nanghatad, a village in Abdasa Taluka in the Kutch district of Gujarat.[୪୨] Heavy skirmishes between Pakistani and Indian forces occurred along the Line of Control, with small arms and mortar fire being exchanged.[୪୩] Pakistan officials reported that at least four people had been killed and seven wounded in the subsequent skirmishes.[୪୪]

ANI claimed to have released photos of the alleged JeM camp and weapons cache sourced from intelligence sources.[୪୫][୪୬][୪୭]

Foreign diplomats from the United States of America, United Kingdom, Russia, Australia, Indonesia, Turkey, China and six ASEAN nations were briefed by Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale on the strike conducted.[୪୮]

ପ୍ରତିକ୍ରିୟା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • China: China's foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang stated "We hope that both India and Pakistan can exercise restraint and adopt actions that will help stabilize the situation in the region and improve mutual relations".[୪୯]
  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation: The OIC condemned the airstrike and called on both India and Pakistan to show restraint.[୫୦]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • 2019 Pulwama attack
  • 2016 Indian Line of Control strike
  • India–Pakistan border skirmishes (2014–2015)
  • 2016 Uri attack
  • India–Pakistan relations

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "India destroys JeM terror camps: Where exactly is Balakot?". Business Today. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  2. "India-Pakistan tension: Where is the real Balakot, the Indian Air Force target?". Gulf News (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  3. PTI. "350 terrorists killed in LoC air strike, claims India". Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  4. "5-star Balakot Camp Was Sitting Duck Target for IAF, 350 Terrorists Killed While Sleeping: Sources". Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ "India Hits Main Jaish Camp In Balakot, "Non-Military" Strike: Government". NDTV.com. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  6. "Indian jets bomb targets within Pakistan". News.com.au. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  8. ୮.୦ ୮.୧ "India says carried out air strike on 'terror camps' inside Pakistan". Reuters (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  9. "India airstrike in Pakistan: IAF crosses LoC first time since 1971 war". India Today. 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  10. India Blames Pakistan for Attack in Kashmir, Promising a Response, New York Times. Feb 15, 2019. Quote:The militant who claimed responsibility for the attack, Aadil Ahmad Dar, was from a village about six miles from where the Indian convoy was struck, in contrast to the fighters and weapons that once streamed in from Pakistani-occupied areas to sustain the insurgency. And the explosives he packed into his car appear to have been locally procured, security experts said.
  11. "Pulwama attack: India will 'completely isolate' Pakistan". BBC (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
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  15. Tensions Between India and Pakistan Are at Their Highest Point in Decades. Here's What to Know, TIME.
  16. CNN, Analysis by Nikhil Kumar. "Why being seen as tough on Pakistan helps India's Modi". CNN. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  19. ୧୯.୦ ୧୯.୧ "United States Defence Department document leaked by Wikileaks which talk about Balakot" (PDF).
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  21. Farmer, Ben; Bedi, Rahul (26 February 2019). "Indian planes bomb Pakistan as Kashmir tensions escalate". The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  22. "Twitter mocks Pakistan defence after IAF bombs terror launch pads in Balakot, Chakothi & Muzaffarabad". web.archive.org. 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  27. "Full statement of Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale on air strikes on JeM's largest training camp in Balakot". Mumbai Mirror (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). 26 February 2019.
  28. "Indian defense ministry says no information about air violations..." Reuters (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  29. Ghafoor, Maj Gen Asif (25 February 2019). "Indian aircrafts intruded from Muzafarabad sector. Facing timely and effective response from Pakistan Air Force released payload in haste while escaping which fell near Balakot. No casualties or damage". @OfficialDGISPR (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  30. Ghafoor, Maj Gen Asif (25 February 2019). "Indian aircrafts' intrusion across LOC in Muzafarabad Sector within AJ&K was 3-4 miles.Under forced hasty withdrawal aircrafts released payload which had free fall in open area. No infrastructure got hit, no casualties. Technical details and other important information to follow". @OfficialDGISPR (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  31. Ghafoor, Maj Gen Asif (25 February 2019). "Payload of hastily escaping Indian aircrafts fell in open.pic.twitter.com/8drYtNGMsm". @OfficialDGISPR (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  36. PTI (26 February 2019). "This action has been done for domestic consumption being in election environment,putting regional peace and stability at grave risk.The claimed area of strike is open for the world to see the facts on ground.For this domestic&international media is being taken to the impact site". @PTIofficial (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  38. ANI (25 February 2019). "Indian Air Force has put on high alert all air defence systems along the international border and LoC to respond to any possible action by Pakistan Air Force.pic.twitter.com/9GER7eqGPf". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  39. ANI (26 February 2019). "India successfully test fires quick reaction surface to air missile off the coast of Odisha. Two missiles were tested by the DRDO for the missile being developed for the Army.pic.twitter.com/5W9Hjmj45L". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  40. ANI (25 February 2019). "Radio Pakistan: Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi has summoned an emergency meeting in Islamabad, Pakistan. The meeting will discuss the security situation. (File pic)pic.twitter.com/G2pPKna28u". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  41. ANI (26 February 2019). "Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi: Pakistan will take international media to the area of strikes, helicopters are being readied, right now weather is bad, will fly when weather permits. (file pic)pic.twitter.com/hkvl1Z40gh". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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  45. ANI (26 February 2019). "Intel Sources: Picture of JeM facility destroyed by Indian Ar Force strikes in Balakot, Pakistanpic.twitter.com/th1JWbVrHw". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  46. ANI (26 February 2019). "Intel Sources: Ammunition dump blown up today in Balakot,Pakistan by IAF Mirages. The dump had more than 200 AK rifles, uncountable rounds hand grenades, explosives and detonatorspic.twitter.com/b7ENbKgYaH". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  47. ANI (26 February 2019). "Intel Sources: Flags of USA, UK and Israel painted on staircases seen in Jaish e Mohammed facility destroyed by Indian Air Force jets in Balakotpic.twitter.com/266CEI0hGR". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  48. ANI (26 February 2019). "Chinese diplomat was also briefed by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale on the Indian Air Force strike in Balakot". @ANI (in ଇଂରାଜୀ). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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