ଏସ୍ତୋନିଆ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
(ଏଷ୍ଟୋନିଆରୁ ଲେଉଟି ଆସିଛି)
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Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik
Flag of Estonia
Coat of arms of Estonia
Flag Coat of arms
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: 

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy
Location of  ଏସ୍ତୋନିଆ  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  ଏସ୍ତୋନିଆ  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

ରାଜଧାନୀ
and largest city
Tallinn
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରTallinn
ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷାEstoniana
Recognised regional languagesVõro
Setu
ଜାତି
(2012[୧])
69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
ଜାତୀୟତାEstonian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
• President
Toomas Hendrik Ilvesc
Andrus Ansip (RE)
Ene Ergma (IRL)
RE and IRL
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳRiigikogu
Independence
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (132ndd)
• ଜଳଭାଗ (%)
4.45%
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• 2010 estimate
1,340,194[୨] (151st)
• 2012 census
1,294,236[୩]
• ଘନତା
29/km2 (75.1/sq mi) (181st)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2012 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$27.313 billion[୪]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$21,059[୪]
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2012 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$22.225 billion[୪]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$16,636[୪]
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (2009)31.4
medium
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2011)increase 0.835[୫]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 34th
ମୁଦ୍ରାEuro ()e (EUR)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖright
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼372
Internet TLD.eef
a. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[୬]c. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[୭] Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

ଏଷ୍ଟୋନିଆ ଉତ୍ତର ଇଉରୋପରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୂଗୋଳ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଶାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  2. "Statistics Estonia". Stat.ee. 1 January 2011.
  3. "2012. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census)" (PDF) (in Estonian and English). 1. Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia). 2012. ISBN 9985-74-202-8. Unknown parameter |subtitle= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ ୪.୨ ୪.୩ "Estonia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  5. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  6. Võrokesed ees, setod järel
  7. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II

ବାହାର ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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