ଶିଶୁପାଳଗଡ଼

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ

ଦିଗବାରେଣି: 20°13′35.9″N 85°51′11.0″E / 20.226639°N 85.85306°E / 20.226639; 85.85306 ଶିଶୁପାଳଗଡ଼ ପୁରୁଣା ଭୁବନେଶ୍ଵରର ଅନତିଦୂରରେ ଦୟାନଦୀ ନିକଟରେ ଏହି ପୁରୁଣା ନଗରର ଭଗ୍ନାବଶେଷ ଏଠାରେ ଦେଖିବାକୁ ମିଳିଥାଏ ।

Spg05 plan.jpg
ଭଗ୍ନାବଶେଷ

ଶିଶୁପାଳଗଡ଼ ଓଡ଼ିଶାର ଖୋର୍ଦ୍ଧା ଜିଲ୍ଲାରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ପୁରୁଣା ନଗରର ଭଗ୍ନାବଶେଷ । ଏହା ଭାରତର ସବୁଠାରୁ ବଡ଼ ଓ ଶ୍ରେଷ୍ଠ ପୁରାତନଓ ଐତିହାସିକ ଭଗ୍ନାବଶେଷ ।[୧]

ବିବରଣୀ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୁବନେଶ୍ଵରର ଅନତି ଦୂରରେ ଏହି ଭଗ୍ନାବଶେଷ ଆବିଷ୍କାର କରାଯାଇଥିଲା । ଏହାର ନିର୍ମାଣ ଶୈଳୀ ଓ କଳାକୃତି ଦେଖି ଭୂତତ୍ଵବିଦମାନେ ଏହା ୨,୫୦୦ ବର୍ଷର ପୁରାତନ ବୋଲି କହିଥାନ୍ତି । ପୁରାତନ ଖନନରୁ ପ୍ରଫେସର ଲାଲ ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦେଇଥିଲେ ଯେ, ଏହି ଦୁର୍ଗ-ସହର ୩ୟ ଶତକରୁ ୪ର୍ଥ ଶତକ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ବିକାଶ ଲାଭ କରିଥିଲା । ନୂତନ ଅନୁଧ୍ୟାନରୁ ଶ୍ରୀମତି ସ୍ମିଥ ଓ ଶ୍ରୀ ମହାନ୍ତି ଏହି ପୁରାତନ ନଗର ୫ମ ଶତକରେ ବିସ୍ତାରଲାଭ କରି ୪ର୍ଥ ଶତକ ଯାଏଁ ରହିଥିଲା ବୋଲି କହିଥାନ୍ତି । ଏହି ନଗରର ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା ୨୦,୦୦୦ ରୁ ୨୫,୦୦୦ ଭିତରେ ହୋଇଥାଇପାରେ । ଭୂତତ୍ଵବିଦ ଏଠାରେ ଭୂ-ଭୌତିକ ସର୍ବେକ୍ଷଣ କରି ଉପଯୁକ୍ତ ଭୂମି ସଙ୍ଗ୍ରହ ଓ ପାଖାପାଖି ୪.୮ କି.ମି. ପରିଧିରେ ଖନନ କରିଛନ୍ତି । ଏଠାକାର ମୁର୍ତ୍ତି ଆଦିର ସନ୍ଧାନ ନିମନ୍ତେ ପାଖାପାଖି ଘର ଆଦି ଓ ନିକଟରେ ଥିବା ଭୂଖନନ କରାଯାଇଛି । The significance of the population is clear when one bears in mind that the population of classical Athens was 10,000.However the historians also claim that it is too early to comment on the population of the city as yet only a part of the city has been excavated.[୨] The first excavations at the site were carried out by Prof BB Lal as far back as in 1948. In 2005 ground penetrating radar revealed the probable position of the southern moat.[୩] A column structure toward the centre of the fort has been recorded three-dimensionally by means of a laser scanner. These may belong to an incomplete major structure. This defensive settlement originated during the Mauryan empire. As at Jaugada, in plan the quadrangular glacis is 1125 x 1115m and tips 10° clockwise of north. Its defences are the highest known of this period. Two gates pierce each side of the fortress. The gates themselves measure over 90m in length from the inside to outside and vary considerably in size, shape and in details of building. The western of the two gates in the northern glacis seems to be the largest and/or best preserved. The two in the southern glacis are the smallest. But as year for year the encroaching rice paddies increase in size, these and the other gates decrease in size. Excavation facets in the gate structures can be seen from the windows of commercial aircraft which pass by Sisupalgarh on the way in and out of Bhubaneswar. The settlement probably was not dense, but rather there was room inside the fortress to graze.

Inhabitation[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The present habitation may be PD-5th (period)in turn.

Column ruins in Sisupalgarh.

Preservation of the remains[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Encroachment due to recent urban settlements in the vicinity of the site threatens to engulf a large part of the fortified city.The major portion of the land that constitutes the ancient city is in private possession making an archaeological study difficult.With a view to preserve the archaeological site for future excavations the ASI is contemplating asking the state government for control over the land. An Indo German team made a 3D scan of the column complex was made in order to document the preservation as of 2006. This scan was then animated. They also determined that on this nationally protected site considerable illegal building has recently taken place. Well-known historian Karuna Sagar Behera has voiced serious concern over the preservation of material unearthed from the site as he said, "Its is a shame that some gold coins and terracotta pottery found at the place during the first excavation in the late 1940s were subsequently lost." Measures should be taken to ensure that all the material excavated are properly preserved for future research. The project is being supported by the National Science Foundation of India, the National Geographic Society and the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, California.

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "Sisupalgarh had a flourishing urban life: researchers". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2008-02-08. http://www.hindu.com/2008/02/08/stories/2008020859211100.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  2. Sahu, Sandeep (2008-02-18). "Ancient city discovered in India". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7250316.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  3. Yule, Paul. Early Historic Sites in Orissa, p. 20.

ବାହାର ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]