ବ୍ୟବହାରକାରୀ:ଶିତିକଣ୍ଠ ଦାଶ/List of Linux distributions

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Timeline representing the development of various Linux distributions.

This page provides general information about notable Linux distributions in the form of a categorized list. Distributions are organized into sections by the major distribution they are based on, or the package management system they are based around.


Debian family tree

Debian GNU/Linux is a distribution that emphasizes free software. It supports many hardware platforms. Debian and distributions based on it use the .deb package format[୧] and the dpkg package manager and its frontends.[୨]

Distribution Description
64 Studio Attempts to specialize in audio and video production on x86-64 workstations.[୩]
aptosid Multilingual desktop-oriented Live CD based on Debian unstable. Formerly sidux.[୪]
Bharat Operating System Solutions This software is also known by the acronym BOSS GNU/Linux or simply BOSS Linux.[୫]
Canaima A Venezuelan distribution.[୬]
Caixa Mágica A Portuguese distribution.[୭]
Corel Linux Commercial. Short-lived desktop distribution, bought by Xandros Linux.[୮]
CrunchBang Linux A small Distro and Live CD based on Debian Stable, featuring the Openbox window manager and tint2 panel with GTK+ applications.[୯]
Dreamlinux A Brazilian Linux distribution (not active anymore).
Elive A Live CD and Distribution featuring Enlightenment as the only window manager. Aims to be intuitive and easy to use.[୧୦]
Finnix A small system administration Live CD that is available for multiple architectures.[୧୧]
Freespire A community-driven and -supported project tied to the commercial Linspire distribution. Defunct since 2007. Website offline since early 2011.
Gibraltar Commercial. Router/firewall distribution.[୧୨]
grml Live CD for system recovery.[୧୩]
Instant WebKiosk Live, browser only operating system for use in web kiosks and for digital signage.[୧୪]
Kali Linux Made to be a completely customizable OS, used for penetration testing.[୧୫]
Kanotix An installable live DVD/CD for desktop usage using KDE and LXDE, focusing on convenient scripts and GUI for ease of use.[୧୬]
Knoppix The first Live CD (later DVD) version of Debian GNU/Linux.[୧୭]
Kurumin Earlier, it was a version of the Knoppix distribution, modified with Debian and designed for Brazilian users.
LEAF Project The Linux Embedded Appliance Framework. A tiny primarily floppy-based distribution for routers, firewalls and other appliances.[୧୮]
LiMux An ISO 9241 industry workplace certified Linux distribution, deployed at the City of Munich, Germany.[୧୯]
Linspire Commercial. Desktop-oriented distribution, previously called Lindows. Focuses on a proprietary software application manager obtained via a paid (CNR) subscription. Bought by Xandros Linux, and effectively defunct since 2007.[୨୦]
LinuxBBQ LinuxBBQ is a plethora of releases for various targets and goals based on Debian Sid.
Linux Mint Debian Edition Linux Mint Debian Edition (LMDE) is a rolling distribution based on Debian Testing. It is available in both 32 and 64-bit as a live DVD with a Gnome desktop. The purpose of LMDE is to look identical to the main Linux Mint edition and to provide the same functionality while using Debian as a base.[୨୧]
Linux Router Project A defunct floppy-based distribution for routers and firewalls. Supplanted by LEAF Project.
Maemo A development platform for hand held devices such as the Nokia N800, N810, and Nokia N900 Internet Tablets and other Linux-based devices.[୨୨]
MEPIS Focuses on ease of use. Also includes a lightweight variant called antiX. antiX is meant to be used on older computers with limited hardware.[୨୩]
MintPPC For PowerPC computers. Although MintPPC uses some Mint LXDE code, it is not Linux Mint.[୨୪]
Neopwn Debian-based network penetration-testing distribution for mobile phones.[୨୫]
NepaLinux A Debian and Morphix based distribution focused for desktop usage in Nepali language computing.[୨୬]
OpenZaurus Debian packages and ROM image for the Sharp Zaurus PDA. Replaced by Ångström distribution.[୨୭]
Pardus Developed by Turkish National Research Institute of Electronics and Cryptology. Based on Debian.
Parsix Optimized for personal computers and laptops. Built on top of Debian testing branch and comes with security support.[୨୮]
PureOS Based on Debian Testing.[୨୯]
Rxart Desktop-oriented distribution. Focused on providing proprietary software.[୩୦]
Sacix A Debian Pure Blend originally created to support the educational and free software diffusion goals of the Telecentres project of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.[୩୧]
Siduction Derived from aptosid, siduction is a distro based on debian sid with a friendly community.[୩୨]
Skolelinux A distribution from Norway. It is provided as a thin client distribution for schools.[୩୩]
SolusOS Based on the Stable branch of Debian with updated software applications from Debian backports. Improved media support. Features the Gnome desktop with usability patches and customized applications.[୩୪]
SolydXK Xfce and KDE desktop with a semi-rolling release model.[୩୫]
Sunwah Linux A Chinese distribution[୩୬]
Symphony OS Includes the Mezzo desktop environment. Previous versions were based on Knoppix.[୩୭]
SalineOS Lean, stable and easy-to-use distribution with XFCE as graphical interface.[୩୮]
TAILS The Amnesic Incognito Live System' or Tails is aimed at preserving privacy and anonymity, with all outgoing connections forced to go through Tor.[୩୯]
Ubuntu A distribution sponsored by Canonical Ltd. and receiving major funding from South African Mark Shuttleworth. Aims to offer a complete and polished desktop on a single DVD.[୪୦]
Ulteo Virtual desktop project.[୪୧]
Univention Corporate Server Enterprise distribution with integrated IT infrastructure and identity management system by the company Univention GmbH, Germany. A full version for up to 5 users for tests and for private use can be downloaded.[୪୨]
Webconverger Debian Live based browser only distribution, similar to Google Chrome OS. However based on Firefox & dwm, with no user sign-in, no special hardware required and designed for public places.[୪୩]
Vyatta Commercial open source network operating system includes routing, firewall, VPN, intrusion prevention and more. Designed to be an open source Cisco replacement.[୪୪]


Knoppix family tree

Knoppix, itself, is based on Debian.[୪୫]

Distribution Description
Damn Small Linux It is a small distro designed to run on older hardware. It is commonly used on virtual machines due to low memory requirements.[୪୬]
Feather Linux It boots from either a CD or a USB flash drive. Uses Knoppix-based hardware detection and the Fluxbox window manager.[୪୭]
Hikarunix A distribution solely for studying and playing the game of Go. Based on Damn Small Linux.[୪୮]
Kaella The French translation of Knoppix.[୪୯]
Musix GNU/Linux A Knoppix/Debian based distribution, intended for music production, graphic design, audio, video editing, and other tasks. It is built with only free software.[୫୦]


Ubuntu family tree

Ubuntu is a distribution based on Debian, designed to have regular releases, a consistent user experience and commercial support on both desktop and server.[୫୧]

Official distributions[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

These Ubuntu variants simply install a set of packages different from the original Ubuntu, but since they draw additional packages and updates from the same repositories as Ubuntu, all of the same software is available for each of them.[୫୨]

Distribution Description
Edubuntu A complete Linux-based operating system targeted for primary and secondary education. It is freely available with community based support. The Edubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Edubuntu Manifesto: that software, especially for education, should be available free of charge and that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities.[୫୩]
Kubuntu An official derivative of Ubuntu using KDE instead of the GNOME or Unity interfaces used by default in Ubuntu.[୫୪]
Lubuntu Lubuntu is a project that is an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system that is "lighter, less resource hungry and more energy-efficient", using the LXDE desktop environment.[୫୫][୫୬][୫୭]
Mythbuntu Based on Ubuntu and MythTV, providing applications for recording TV and acting as a media center.[୫୮]
Ubuntu for Android Designed for use with Android phones.[୫୯]
Ubuntu GNOME An official Ubuntu variant[୬୦] that uses Gnome Shell as its default desktop and GDM as its display manager.[୬୧]
Ubuntu JeOS "Just Enough OS" – was described as "an efficient variant [...] configured specifically for virtual appliances".[୬୨] Since the release of Ubuntu 8.10 it has been included as an option as part of the standard Ubuntu Server Edition.
UbuntuKylin An official derivative aimed at the Chinese market.
Ubuntu Mobile An embedded operating system designed for use on mobile devices. The operating system will use Hildon from maemo as its graphical frontend. Ubuntu Touch is a successor to Ubuntu Mobile.
Ubuntu Netbook Edition[୬୩] Netbook Edition was an official derivative of Ubuntu designed for netbooks using the Intel Atom processor. Starting from Ubuntu 11.04, Ubuntu Netbook Edition has been merged into the desktop edition.
Ubuntu Server An official derivative made for use in servers. Ubuntu Server handles mail, controls printers, acts as a fileserver, can host LAMP and more.[୬୪]
Ubuntu Studio Based on Ubuntu, providing open-source applications for multimedia creation aimed at the audio, video and graphic editors.[୬୫]
Ubuntu Touch Designed for use with touchscreen devices.
Ubuntu TV Designed for use with TVs.[୬୬]
Xubuntu An official derivative of Ubuntu using Xfce. Xubuntu is intended for use on less-powerful computers or those who seek a highly efficient desktop environment on faster systems, and uses mostly GTK+ applications.[୬୭]

Third-party distributions [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Unofficial variants and derivatives are not controlled or guided by Canonical Ltd. and generally have different goals in mind.

Distribution Description
Aurora Specifically for the Eee PC range of netbooks, based on Debian. Previously named Eeebuntu and based on Ubuntu.[୬୮]
Baltix Ubuntu-based distribution for Lithuanian and Latvian people. Supported languages are Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Russian, English, Norwegian and other around Baltic region. Main language is Lithuanian.[୬୯]
BackBox BackBox is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. It has been developed to perform penetration tests and security assessments. Designed to be fast, easy to use and provide a minimal yet complete desktop environment, thanks to its own software repositories, always being updated to the latest stable version of the most used and best known ethical hacking tools.[୭୦]
BackTrack Developed by Offensive Security and designed for penetration testing.[୭୧]
BlankOn Ubuntu-based distribution for users in Indonesia.[୭୨]
Buildix An Ubuntu-based Linux distribution, developed by Global IT professional services firm, ThoughtWorks. For agile developers.
Bodhi Linux An Ubuntu-based Linux distribution featuring the Enlightenment window manager and targeting users who want minimum of preinstalled software or low system requirements.[୭୩]
Linux Deepin a Linux distribution based on the Ubuntu Linux Distribution. The Chinese version is tailored for Chinese language users and includes preconfigured Chinese applications such as simplified Chinese input methods, Chinese dictionaries, and Chinese TrueType fonts. From Version 11.12, Linux Deepin provides different ISO images for Chinese and English.[୭୪]
dyne:bolic Live CD geared toward multimedia (audio and video) production, but comes with other non-media specific application (e.g.: word processor, desktop publisher).[୭୫]
EasyPeasy Fork of Ubuntu designed for netbooks.[୭୬]
Element OS Based on Xubuntu, made for Home theater PCs.[୭୭]
Elementary OS A powerful, user-friendly distribution known for its well received user interface, proprietary software, and devoted community of developers and artists.[୭୮]
Emmabuntüs Based on Xubuntu designed to facilitate the repacking of computers donated to Emmaüs Communities.[୭୯]
GendBuntu A version adapted for use by France's National Gendarmerie.
Gobuntu Gobuntu was an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system, aiming to provide a distribution consisting entirely of free software. It was officially announced by Mark Shuttleworth on July 10, 2007, and daily builds of Gobuntu 7.10 began to be publicly released. The project ended around the release of 8.04 and has since merged into mainline Ubuntu as a 'free software' option.[୮୦]
Goobuntu An Ubuntu-based distribution used internally by Google. Not available outside of Google.
gOS Uses the GNOME desktop environment with user interface enhancements to make it work more like Mac OS X, it also features Google Apps, Picasa, Google Gadgets and other web-based applications, and comes with Wine 1.0 pre-installed.
Guadalinex Ubuntu-based distribution promoted by the local government of Andalucia, Spain, for home users and schools.[୮୧]
Joli OS Joli OS (formerly named Jolicloud) is in development and Pre-beta testing. Joli OS is built upon Debian and Ubuntu 9.10, but is tweaked to be more suitable for computers that have weaker specifications in terms of disk storage, memory and screen size. It is designed to run on relatively low-powered netbook computers.[୮୨]
HP Mi Based on Ubuntu 8.04 LTS, designed by Canonical and HP for use on the HP Mini 1000 and 110 series netbooks.[୮୩]
Impi Linux South African and focuses on the enterprise and government sector.[୮୪]
Karoshi A formerly PCLinuxOS-based distribution designed for use in schools.[୮୫]
Kuki Linux Lightweight Ubuntu-based Linux distribution founded by João Ferro, built to be a replacement for the Linpus Linux Lite distribution on the Acer Aspire One.[୮୬]
LiMux A project by the city council of Munich, Germany.
Linux Mint Linux Mint synchronizes its release-cycle with Ubuntu's, and is tailored to user-friendliness for desktop users. Also features a Debian-based edition.[୮୭]
LinuxMCE Linux Media Center Edition, a Kubuntu based distribution that provides in-depth HTPC functionality as well as home automation.[୮୮]
LinuxTLE A Thai Linux distribution.[୮୯]
LliureX A distribution by the Generalitat Valenciana[୯୦]
LOUD LCSEE Optimized Ubuntu Distribution, an Ubuntu distribution used at West Virginia University. It contains several specialized educational packages as well as its own themes and login manager.[୯୧]
MAX Stands for MAdrid LinuX.[୯୨]
Molinux Ubuntu based initiative to introduce the Castile-La Mancha community in Spain to the information society.[୯୩]
Moon OS Moon OS uses the Enlightenment window manager and also has an LXDE version, and is based on the LTS release.[୯୪]
Nova Cuban state-sponsored distribution developed at the University of Information Science, Havana. Formerly based on Gentoo.
Netrunner Kubuntu based distribution with complete software and codecs installed, developed by Blue Systems (also sponsoring Kubuntu and LinuxMintKDE).[୯୫]
OpenGEU Ubuntu based distribution with Enlightenment window manager, previously known as Geubuntu.[୯୬]
Peppermint OS A light-weight LXDE distribution for cloud applications through Mozilla Prism. Based on Lubuntu[୯୭]
Pinguy OS An Ubuntu-based distro for people that have never used Linux before or for people that want an out-of-the-box working OS without having to tweak a fresh installation of Ubuntu or other Ubuntu-based distro.[୯୮]
Poseidon Linux For academic and scientific use. Based on Ubuntu, but enhanced by e.g. GIS/maps, numerical modelling, 2D/3D/4D visualization, statistics, tools for creating simple and complex graphics, programming languages.
Qimo 4 Kids educational games for children aged 3 and up. Ubuntu-based with easy to use interface.[୯୯]
Sabily Ubuntu based distribution for Muslims (formerly Ubuntu Muslim Edition).[୧୦୦]
Super OS Aiming to provide an ‘out of the box’ experience, containing various enhancements over Ubuntu.[୧୦୧]
Trisquel Fully free software system without proprietary software or firmware and uses the Linux-libre kernel, based on Ubuntu LTS Releases.[୧୦୨]
TurnKey Linux Virtual Appliance Library Open source project developing a family of free, Ubuntu-based appliances optimized for ease of use in server-type usage scenarios.[୧୦୩]
UberStudent For higher education and advanced secondary students, those who teach them, and lifelong learners.[୧୦୪]
Vinux A Linux distribution designed for visually impaired users.[୧୦୫]
Zentyal (Formerly named eBox) Ubuntu Server with web based interface targeted at small business ; Router/Firewall and NAS/PDC[୧୦୬]
ZevenOS Similar to BeOS, with some extra tools.[୧୦୭]
Zorin OS Made as a transition from Windows (or Mac OS X) to Linux.[୧୦୮]


Gentoo family tree

Gentoo is a distribution designed to have highly optimized and frequently updated software.[୧୦୯] Distributions based on Gentoo use the Portage package management system with emerge[୧୧୦] or one of the alternative package managers.

Distribution Description
Calculate Linux Calculate Linux is a family of distributions.
Chromium OS[୧୧୧] Google's OS[୧୧୨] to be used on various tablet computers as well as netbooks and nettops. It is primarily Internet-based, launching each app within the Chrome browser. The OS uses a user interface very similar-looking to the Chrome internet browser instead of GNOME, KDE, etc.
funtoo Based on Gentoo.
Gentoox An adaptation of Gentoo for the Xbox.
Knopperdisk A distribution aimed at USB sticks.
Pentoo Penetration-testing Live CD.
Sabayon Linux An installable Live DVD with multiple desktop environments. Like Gentoo, Sabayon uses the rolling release model; it uses a customized version of Red Hat's Anaconda Installer and includes a Media Center application.
SystemRescueCD System rescue Live CD version of Gentoo.
Tin Hat Linux Based on hardened Gentoo.
Ututo Made in Argentina.
VidaLinux Uses Anaconda as its installer.


Arch family tree

Pacman is a package manager that is capable of resolving dependencies and automatically downloading and installing all necessary packages. In theory, a user need only run a single command to completely update the system.

Distribution Description
Arch Linux An i686- and x86-64-optimized distribution targeted at experienced users. Arch runs on a rolling release system and uses the pacman utility for package management.
Chakra Linux Originally derived from Arch Linux, with the latest KDE desktop. For now uses the pacman utility for package management. Strives to be Qt-only.
DeLi Linux A desktop based mini distribution with office suite, web browser and other graphical programs to run on a 486. Built from scratch with some influences from Slackware and CRUX.
Frugalware Linux A general purpose Linux distribution designed for intermediate users. Has some influences from Slackware, and uses a heavily modified version of the Pacman package manager, Pacman-G2, a fork of a cvs version of the complete rewrite of Pacman-G1 by Aurelien Foret (the old monolithic Pacman-G1 is written by Judd Vinet). The packages are tar archives that are compressed using xz.[୧୧୩]


Distribution Description
Antergos Linux Derived from Arch Linux, It is Cinnarch Re-Born Distro.
ArchBang Based on Arch Linux, but also provides LiveCDs with working system and graphical installation scripts. Uses Openbox as default window manager.
KnoppMyth Based on Arch Linux and MythTV, providing applications for recording TV and acting as a sound and video center.
Manjaro Linux Based on Arch Linux, using its own repositories, Manjaro aims to be a user-friendly Arch system with very good out-of-the-box hardware support. The default desktop environment is XFCE, but many others are offered.
Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Arch Linux without any proprietary software, plus various added packages. Packages are also built for mips64el in addition to i686 and x86_64.


Red Hat family tree

Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the RPM file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions. Red Hat Linux divided into a community-supported distribution sponsored by Red Hat called Fedora, and a commercially supported distribution called Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Distribution Description
aLinux Formerly known as Peanut Linux
ALT Linux Several distributions including Master, Compact, and Junior, Server, Terminal.
Caldera OpenLinux A distribution originally introduced by Caldera and later developed by its subsidiary Caldera Systems, the later Caldera International, who bought SCO and then renamed into The SCO Group and no longer produces a Linux distribution. Last release: 3.1.1 – Jan. 30, 2002
cAos Linux A general purpose distribution. Designed to have low overhead, run on older hardware, and be easily customizable.
Fedora Community-supported distribution sponsored by Red Hat. It usually features cutting-edge Linux technologies.
Linkat A distribution promoted by the government of Catalonia, Spain.
Lycoris Desktop/LX
Mageia A community distribution initially forked from Mandriva Linux in response to the discontinuation of free versions of Mandriva Linux.
Mandriva Linux Easy to use system through its unique Control Center.
PCLinuxOS A rolling release Live CD distribution. Originally based on Mandrake 9.2. Later rebased on Mandriva 2007.
Red Hat Linux Split into Fedora Core and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. The last official release of the unsplit distribution was Red Hat Linux 9 in March 2003.
SUSE Linux
  • openSUSE – A community-developed branch, sponsored by SUSE. It maintains a strict policy of ensuring all code in the standard installs will be from Free/Libre/Open-Source Software solutions, including Linux kernel Modules. SUSE's enterprise Linux products are all based on the codebase that comes out of the openSUSE project.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server – A server-oriented Linux distribution supplied by SUSE and targeted at the business market.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (previously branded Novell Linux Desktop) – A desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by SUSE and targeted at the enterprise market.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time – A specialized version of the SUSE distribution from SUSE designed to support low latency for time critical operations.
Turbolinux Based on Red Hat Linux.
Vine Linux A Japanese distribution based on Red Hat Linux.
YOPER A rolling release desktop distribution from New Zealand that focuses on optimizing system performance for workstation use.


Fedora family tree

Fedora is a community supported distribution based on Red Hat. It aims to provide the latest software while maintaining a completely Free Software system.[୧୧୪]

Distribution Description
Atomix a Serbian desktop and server oriented Linux distribution
Aurora SPARC Linux For Sun's SPARC architecture
Berry Linux A medium-sized Fedora-based distribution that provides support in Japanese and English.
BLAG Linux and GNU Fully free software
EduLinux For educational purposes
EnGarde Secure Linux Server-only distribution designed to be secure.[୧୧୫]
Fuduntu Designed to fit in somewhere between Fedora and Ubuntu.
Hanthana Designed to cater the needs of Sri Lankan computer users who are unable to access Internet frequently, with many most-wanted applications built in.
K12LTSP A distribution for educational purpose. Comes with LTSP support.
Kororaa Initially aimed at easy installation of a Gentoo system by using install scripts instead of manual configuration. Now based on Fedora.
Linpus Linux Focused on the Chinese market, along with Linpus Lite focused on the netbook market.
MeeGo Built by Intel and Nokia, intended for mobile phones and tablets.
Moblin Built around the Intel Atom processor; supplanted by Meego when Intel and (temporarily) Nokia combined activities
MythDora Specialized distribution for easy setup of the MythTV PVR software, similar to KnoppMyth, based on Fedora.
Network Security Toolkit A Live CD/DVD with security and networking tools to perform routine security and networking diagnostic and monitoring tasks.
Ojuba Linux Focused on providing the best Arabic support, as well as some Islamic tools such as Hijra (Hijri calendar) and Minbar (prayer time indicator).
Qubes OS Focused on security for desktop users.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat's officially supported distribution. Meant for enterprise use.
Russian Fedora Remix A remix of Fedora.
Trustix A distribution focused on security.[୧୧୬]
Xange Xange (formerly Simplis, formerly Vixta) is a distribution that tries to emulate the appearance of Windows Vista. It is based on KDE.
Yellow Dog Linux For the PowerPC platform.


Distribution Description
Asianux A distribution co-developed between Red Flag Software Co., Ltd., Miracle Linux Corp. and Haansoft, INC., focused on Chinese, Japanese and Korean support.
CentOS Community-supported distribution that aims to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux without the inclusion of proprietary software.
ClearOS Small Business Server. File, Print, Messaging, UTM, VPN.
Fermi Linux LTS Based on Scientific Linux.[୧୧୭]
Miracle Linux Developed by Japanese software vendor Miracle Linux Co., Ltd
Oracle Linux Supported by Oracle. Aims to be fully compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Red Flag Linux A distribution developed in China and optimized for the Chinese market. Based on Asianux.
Rocks Cluster Distribution A distribution for building a High-Performance Computing computer cluster, with a recent release supporting Cloud computing. It is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux but with extensions to support large multi-node heterogeneous systems for clusters (HPC), Cloud, and Data Warehousing (in development).
Scientific Linux A distribution co-developed by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), which aims to be compatible with and based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
SME Server Based on CentOS and targeting Small and Medium Enterprises.
TrixBox A Voice Over IP (VoIP) distribution based on CentOS.

Mandriva Linux-based[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Mandriva family tree
Distribution Description
Annvix A security-focused server distribution. Originally based on Mandrake 9.2 but has diverged a lot. Discontinued.
Trinity Rescue Kit Aimed specifically at offline operations for Windows and Linux systems such as rescue, repair, password resets and disk cloning
Unity Linux Meant to be a base for custom distributions.


Slackware family tree

Slackware is known as a highly customizable distribution that stresses ease of maintenance and reliability over cutting-edge software and automated tools. Generally considered a distribution for advanced users, it is often suggested to those who want to learn the inner workings of a Linux operating system.

Distribution Description
AUSTRUMI An 108 MB bootable live CD as of version 1.9.3
BasicLinux A mini Linux designed to run in old PCs (386). Has a certain degree of compatibility with Slackware packages.
Frugalware Frugalware Linux is a general-purpose Linux distribution designed for intermediate users who are familiar with command-line operations. Early versions were based on Slackware, but it is now an independently developed distribution.
HostGIS HostGIS Linux is a Slackware based distribution specifically made for handling GIS information.
KateOS A desktop distribution aimed at intermediate users. It uses Xfce as its default desktop environment. No longer in development.
MuLinux Floppy-based distribution with replaceable modules.
NimbleX Completely customizable through the NimbleX website. Now no longer producing new versions.
Platypux A French Linux distribution of the Slackware family
Salix OS Originally a fork of Zenwalk, Salix is a complete distribution fully backwards compatible with Slackware.

Uses Xfce, KDE, LXDE, Fluxbox or Ratpoison as its default desktop environment. 32 and 64bits version. Live versions are also available.

Sentry Firewall A firewall, server or intrusion detection system distribution.
simpleLinux simpleLinux uses LZMA compression to compress its system files. The project started on year 2007 by a group of Malaysian developer. simpleLinux is a Slackware-based distribution that comes in both Live CD or Persistence version that can be installed to a medium. simpleLinux comes to be a multi-tasking operating system that runs the X Window System.
Slackintosh An unofficial port of Slackware to the PowerPC architecture.
Slamd64 An unofficial port of Slackware to the x86-64 architecture.
Slax A live CD which aims to provide a complete desktop for general use. Permanent installation of Slax is not recommended or supported; it is designed for "live" use only. Also can be run from a USB flash drive.
SuperGamer A Live DVD Linux Distribution focused on gaming.
Topologilinux Designed to run from within Microsoft Windows, Topologilinux can be installed without any changes to the user's hard disk. Outdated.
VectorLinux A lightweight distribution designed to be easy to use even for new users. Generally considered well-suited for older hardware.
WinLinux A distro that runs at top of FAT32 FS.
Wolvix A desktop-oriented Linux distribution based on Slackware, mainly targeted at home users, featuring Xfce. No longer available
Zenwalk Originally a minimal version of Slackware, Zenwalk has evolved into a very different operating system; however, compatibility with Slackware is still maintained.
ZipSlack A lightweight and portable version of Slackware


Slax's modularity and reputation of quality have made it a popular base for other live CD projects.

Distribution Description
DAVIX A live CD for data analysis and visualization.
DNALinux A small distribution designed for running bioinformatics software, including BLAST and EMBOSS.
Emnix A Slax-based distribution focused around portability and practicality. Production has ceased and Emnix replaced with Project Esma.
Porteus A small Linux distro based on Slax.


The following distributions can not be categorized under the preceding sections.

Distribution Description
Alpine Linux A security-oriented, lightweight Linux distribution based on uClibc and BusyBox.
Bifrost Small, for networking
Billix A live CD or live USB system administration toolkit and multi-boot distribution with the ability to install any of the included distributions.
Coyote Linux Router/firewall distribution.
CRUX CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized distribution targeted at experienced users. The focus is "keep it simple", which is reflected in a simple tar.gz-based package system, BSD-style initscripts, and a relatively small collection of trimmed packages
DD-WRT Embedded firewall distribution.
Devil-Linux Router/firewall/server distribution running from CD or USB. Configuration held on USB or floppy disk.
DSLinux Version of Linux designed for the Nintendo DS.
ELinOS Distribution for embedded systems by SYSGO. ELinOS focuses on industrial application and provides real-time extensions.
Familiar Linux Distribution for iPAQ handhelds.
fli4l Router/firewall distribution.[୧୧୮]
Foresight Linux A rolling release distribution built around the Conary package manager.
FREESCO A free replacement for proprietary routers supporting up to 10 network cards and up to 10 modems.
GeeXboX Live CD media center distribution, mainly to play special-encoded video files (e.g.: .ogg, XVID) on home theater.
GoboLinux An alternative distribution which redefines the file system hierarchy by installing everything belonging to one application in one folder under /Programs, and using symlinks from /System and its subfolders to point to the proper files.
IPCop Router/firewall distribution.
Iskolinux A Linux distribution packaged and maintained by UP Manila's (UPM) Information Management System as part of University of the Philippines' thrust to migrate to Linux.
Jlime Distribution for the HP Jornada 6xx and 7xx and NEC MobilePro 900(c) handhelds.
Lightweight Portable Security(LPS)[୧୧୯] A distribution created by the United States Department of Defense that boots entirely in RAM
Lunar Linux A source code-based distribution descended from Sorcerer.
MCC Interim Linux MCC Interim Linux, possibly the first Linux distribution. Created by the Manchester Computing Centre in February 1992.
MkLinux A legacy distribution for PowerPC systems that runs the Linux kernel as a server on top of the Mach microkernel.
Mobilinux By Montavista for smartphones.
MontaVista Linux Embedded systems distribution by MontaVista Software.
NASLite a floppy-based Linux designed to turn an old computer into a simple Network Attached Storage device.
Nitix Developed by Net Integration Technologies Inc., Nitix claims to be the first autonomic Linux-based server operating system.
OpenWrt Router/firewall distribution, also other embedded systems, a lot of routing options via opkg available
paldo Independently developed desktop operating system and package manager (upkg) with a rolling release format and standard Gnome environment.
Pardus Developed by Turkish National Research Institute of Electronics and Cryptology. Prior to 2013 uses PISI as package manager, COMAR as configuration framework. Starting with Pardus 2013, is Debian based.
PS2 Linux Sony Computer Entertainment distribution released officially for the PlayStation 2 video game console.
Puppy Linux A mini distribution which runs well under low-end PCs – even under 32 MB RAM.
rPath A distribution built around the Conary package manager.
SliTaz GNU/Linux A small desktop distribution. The ISO is under 30 MB; runs entirely in RAM; uses its own tazpkg package system.
Smallfoot Developed by the Santa Cruz Operation (SCO UNIX / SCO Group), formerly Caldera International and Caldera Systems – based on Caldera OpenLinux 3.x and 4.x binaries.
SmoothWall Router/firewall distribution.
Softlanding Linux System One of the earliest distributions, developed from 1992–1994; Slackware was originally based on it.
Sorcerer A source code-based distribution.
Source Mage A source code-based distribution, descended from Sorcerer.
Stable Hybrid Release For smartphones, offering Enlightenment's Illume user interface. It is based on FSO.
Thinstation Thin client distribution supporting all major connectivity protocols.
Tinfoil Hat Linux Bootable floppy distribution focusing on extreme security
Tiny Core Linux Tiny Core Linux is a minimalist (around 10 MB) Linux system focusing on providing a base system with BusyBox, FLTK and other minimalist software.
TinyMe Based on Unity Linux, targeted to be as lightweight as possible.
tomsrtbt Root boot disk.
Tor-ramdisk An i686 uClibc-based micro Linux distribution (about 5 MB) that runs in system memory and whose only purpose is to host a Tor server in an environment that maximizes security and privacy.
xPUD Small distribution, aimed at being simple and usable.
Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X One of the oldest Linux distributions, not updated since 1995.

See also[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]


  1. "Ubuntu Manpage: deb - Debian binary package format". Manpages.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
  2. "Ubuntu Manpage: dpkg - package manager for Debian". Manpages.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
  3. 64 Studio website
  4. aptosid website
  5. BOSS GNU/Linux website
  6. Canaima website
  7. Caixa Mágica website
  8. Corel Linux history
  9. CrunchBang Linux website
  10. Elive website
  11. Finnix website
  12. Gibraltar website
  13. grml website
  14. Instant WebKiosk project page
  15. Kali website
  16. Kanotix website
  17. Knoppix website
  18. LEAF Project website
  19. LiMux website
  20. Linspire website
  21. Linuxmint.com
  22. Maemo website
  23. MEPIS website
  24. MintPPC website
  25. Neopwn website
  26. NepaLinux website
  27. OpenZaurus website
  28. Parsix website
  29. PureOS website
  30. Rxart website
  31. Sacix project page
  32. Siduction website
  33. Skolelinux website
  34. SolusOS website
  35. SolydXK website
  36. Sunwah Linux website
  37. Symphony OS website
  38. SalineOS website
  39. TAILS website
  40. Ubuntu website
  41. Ulteo website
  42. Univention Corporate Server website
  43. Webconverger website
  44. Vyatta website
  45. Knoppix Wiki
  46. Damn Small Linux website
  47. Feather Linux website
  48. Hikarunix website
  49. Kaella website
  50. Musix GNU/Linux website
  51. About Ubuntu – Official website
  52. "About Ubuntu Derivatives". Ubuntu. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
  53. Edubuntu website
  54. Kubuntu website
  55. Smart, Chris (2009). "Another day, another Ubuntu derivative". Retrieved 2009-05-21. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  56. LXDE (2009). "Lubuntu? LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin". Retrieved 2009-05-21. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  57. Lubuntu website
  58. Mythbuntu website
  59. Ubuntu for Android website
  60. Ubuntu GNOME approved as official flavour
  61. Ubuntu GNOME
  62. Ubuntu JeOS information
  63. "Ubuntu to announce its mobile Linux in June".
  64. Ubuntu Server Edition website
  65. Ubuntu Studio website
  66. Ubuntu TV website
  67. Xubuntu website
  68. Aurora website
  69. Baltix website
  70. BackBox website
  71. BackTrack website
  72. BlankOn website
  73. Bodhi Linux website
  74. Linux Deepin website
  75. dyne:bolic website
  76. EasyPeasy website
  77. Element OS website
  78. elementary OS website
  79. Emmabuntüs website
  80. Gobuntu information
  81. Guadalinex website
  82. Joli OS website
  83. Brown, Eric (2008-10-29). "HP netbook boasts homegrown Linux distro". LinuxDevices.com. Ziff Davis Enterprise Holdings Inc. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
  84. Impi Linux website
  85. Karoshi website
  86. Kuki Linux website
  87. Linux Mint website
  88. LinuxMCE website
  89. LinuxTLE website
  90. LliureX website
  91. LOUD website
  92. MAX website
  93. Molinux website
  94. Moon OS website
  95. Netrunner website
  96. OpenGEU website
  97. "About Peppermint OS".
  98. Pinguy OS Homepage
  99. Qimo 4 Kids website
  100. Sabily website
  101. Super OS website
  102. Trisquel Linux website
  103. TurnKey Linux website
  104. UberStudent website
  105. Vinux website
  106. Zentyal Linux website
  107. ZevenOS website
  108. "Zorin OS page". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
  109. About Gentoo
  110. Portage – Gentoo Handbook
  111. "Chromium OS Developers Guide". Retrieved May 22, 2011.
  112. "Chromium Project FAQ".
  113. "About Frugalware". Frugalware Stable Documentation. Frugalware Project. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  114. Objectives – Fedora Project
  115. DistroWatch.com: EnGarde Secure Linux
  116. DistroWatch.com: Trustix Secure Linux
  117. DistroWatch.com: Fermi Linux
  118. fli4l website
  119. "Software Protection Initiative - Main". Spi.dod.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-05.

External links[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Linux distributions ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Linux