ପାପୁଆ ନିଉ ଗିନି

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
  • Papua Niu Gini
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ : "Unity in diversity"[୧]
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ
O Arise, All You Sons [୨]
ରାଜଧାନୀ Port Moresby
9°30′S 147°07′E / 9.500°S 147.117°E / -9.500; 147.117
Largest city Port Moresby
Official languages[୩]
ଏକା ଅର୍ଥ Papua New Guinean
ସରକାର Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Michael Ogio
 -  Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
ବିଧାନମଣ୍ଡଳ National Parliament
Independence from Australia 
 -  Administrative union of
Papua & New Guinea
25 March 1949 
 -  Declared & recognised 16 September 1975 
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ ୪୬୨ km2 (56th)
୧୭୮ ବର୍ଗ ମି 
 -  ଜଳଭାଗ (%) 2
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
 -  2011 census preliminary ଆକଳନ 7,059,653[୪] (102nd)
 -  2000 census 5,190,783 
 -  ଘନତା 15/କିମି (201st)
୩୪.୬୨/ବର୍ଗ ମି
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (କ୍ରୟ ଶକ୍ତି ସମାନତା) 2013 ଅନୁମାନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $19.828 billion[୫] 
 -  ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା ହାର ହିସାବରେ $2,834[୫] 
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ଆକଳନ କରାଯାଇଥିବା) 2013 ଆକଳନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $15.973 billion[୫] 
 -  ପ୍ରତିଟି ମଣିଷ $2,283[୫] 
ଜିନି (1996) 50.9 
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2013) 0.491 (157th)
ମୁଦ୍ରା Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳ AEST (ଇଉଟିସି+10)
 -  ଖରାଦିନ (ଡ଼ିଏସଟି) not observed (ଇଉଟିସି+10)
(as of 2005)
ରାସ୍ତାର ଏପାଖରେ ଚାଲନ୍ତୁ left
ଇଣ୍ଟରନେଟ ଟିଏଲଡ଼ି .pg
ଫୋନ କୋଡ଼ +675

ପାପୁଆ ନିଉ ଗିନି, (ଇଂରାଜୀ: Papua New Guinea; PNG; /ˈpæpə nj ˈɡɪn/ pap-pə-new-ghin-ee; ଟୋକ୍ ପିସିନ୍‌: Papua Niugini; ହିରି ମୋଟୁ: Papua Niu Gini) ଓସେନିଆରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ ଅଟେ ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାଜନୀତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅର୍ଥନୀତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସଂସ୍କୃତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଶିକ୍ଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗମନା ଗମନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Biskup, Peter, B. Jinks and H. Nelson. A Short History of New Guinea (1970)
  • Connell, John. Papua New Guinea: The Struggle for Development (1997) online
  • Gash, Noel. A Pictorial History of New Guinea (1975)
  • Golson, Jack. 50,000 years of New Guinea history (1966)
  • Griffin, James. Papua New Guinea: A political history (1979)
  • James, Paul; Nadarajah, Yaso; Haive, Karen; Stead, Victoria (2012). pdf download Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 
  • Knauft, Bruce M. South Coast New Guinea Cultures: History, Comparison, Dialectic (1993) excerpt and text search
  • McCosker, Anne. Masked Eden: A History of the Australians in New Guinea (1998)
  • Mckinnon, Rowan, et al. Papua New Guinea & Solomon Islands (Country Travel Guide) (2008) excerpt and text search
  • Swadling, Pamela (1996). Plumes from Paradise. Papua New Guinea National Museum. ISBN 9980-85-103-1. 
  • Waiko. John. Short History of Papua New Guinea (1993)
  • Waiko, John Dademo. Papua New Guinea: A History of Our Times (2003)
  • Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura. Modern Papua New Guinea (1998) online

ପ୍ରମୁଖ ଉତ୍ସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Jinks, Brian, ed. Readings in New Guinea history (1973)
  • Tim Flannery Throwim' Way Leg: Tree-Kangaroos, Possums, and Penis Gourds (2000) memoir excerpt and text search
  • Malinowski, Bronislaw. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea (2002) famous anthropological account of the Trobriand Islanders; based on field work in 1910s online
  • Visser, Leontine, ed. Governing New Guinea: An Oral History of Papuan Administrators, 1950–1990 (2012)
  • Whitaker, J.L. et al. eds. Documents and readings in New Guinea history: Pre-history to 1889 (1975)

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Somare, Michael (6 December 2004). "Stable Government, Investment Initiatives, and Economic Growth". Keynote address to the 8th Papua New Guinea Mining and Petroleum Conference. Archived from the original on 2006-06-28. Retrieved 9 August 2007. 
  2. "Never more to rise". The National (February 6, 2006). Retrieved 19 January 2005. 
  3. ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: ଅଚଳ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ; cia ନାମରେ ଥିବା ଆଧାର ଭିତରେ କିଛି ଲେଖା ନାହିଁ ।
  4. Population a concern[dead link] postcourier.com.pg (25 June 2013).
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ "Papua New Guinea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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