ପାପୁଆ ନିଉ ଗିନି

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Independent State of Papua New Guinea

  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
  • Papua Niu Gini
Flag of Papua New Guinea
National emblem of Papua New Guinea
Flag National emblem
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ: "Unity in diversity"[୧]
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: 
O Arise, All You Sons [୨]
Location of Papua New Guinea
ରାଜଧାନୀ
and largest city
Port Moresby
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରPort Moresby
Official languages[୩]
ଜାତୀୟତାPapua New Guinean
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Michael Ogio
Peter O'Neill
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳNational Parliament
Independence 
• Administrative union of
Papua & New Guinea
25 March 1949
• Declared & recognised
16 September 1975
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi) (56th)
• ଜଳଭାଗ (%)
2
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• 2011 census preliminary estimate
7,059,653[୪] (102nd)
• 2000 census
5,190,783
• ଘନତା
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (201st)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2013 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$19.828 billion[୫]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$2,834[୫]
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2013 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$15.973 billion[୫]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$2,283[୫]
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (1996)50.9[୬]
high
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2013)Decrease 0.491[୭]
low · 157th
ମୁଦ୍ରାPapua New Guinean kina (PGK)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳUTC+10 (AEST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+10 (not observed)
(as of 2005)
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖleft
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼+675
Internet TLD.pg

ପାପୁଆ ନିଉ ଗିନି, (English: Papua New Guinea; PNG; /ˈpæpə nj ˈɡɪn/ PAP-pə-new-GHIN-ee; ଟୋକ୍ ପିସିନ୍‌: [Papua Niugini] Error: {{Lang}}: text has italic markup (help); ହିରି ମୋଟୁ: Papua Niu Gini) ଓସେନିଆରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ ଅଟେ ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରାଜନୀତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଅର୍ଥନୀତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସଂସ୍କୃତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଶିକ୍ଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗମନା ଗମନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Biskup, Peter, B. Jinks and H. Nelson. A Short History of New Guinea (1970)
  • Connell, John. Papua New Guinea: The Struggle for Development (1997) online
  • Gash, Noel. A Pictorial History of New Guinea (1975)
  • Golson, Jack. 50,000 years of New Guinea history (1966)
  • Griffin, James. Papua New Guinea: A political history (1979)
  • James, Paul; Nadarajah, Yaso; Haive, Karen; Stead, Victoria (2012). pdf download Sustainable Communities, Sustainable Development: Other Paths for Papua New Guinea Check |url= value (help). Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Knauft, Bruce M. South Coast New Guinea Cultures: History, Comparison, Dialectic (1993) excerpt and text search
  • McCosker, Anne. Masked Eden: A History of the Australians in New Guinea (1998)
  • Mckinnon, Rowan, et al. Papua New Guinea & Solomon Islands (Country Travel Guide) (2008) excerpt and text search
  • Swadling, Pamela (1996). Plumes from Paradise. Papua New Guinea National Museum. ISBN 9980-85-103-1.
  • Waiko. John. Short History of Papua New Guinea (1993)
  • Waiko, John Dademo. Papua New Guinea: A History of Our Times (2003)
  • Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura. Modern Papua New Guinea (1998) online

ପ୍ରମୁଖ ଉତ୍ସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Jinks, Brian, ed. Readings in New Guinea history (1973)
  • Tim Flannery Throwim' Way Leg: Tree-Kangaroos, Possums, and Penis Gourds (2000) memoir excerpt and text search
  • Malinowski, Bronislaw. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise and Adventure in the Archipelagoes of Melanesian New Guinea (2002) famous anthropological account of the Trobriand Islanders; based on field work in 1910s online
  • Visser, Leontine, ed. Governing New Guinea: An Oral History of Papuan Administrators, 1950–1990 (2012)
  • Whitaker, J.L. et al. eds. Documents and readings in New Guinea history: Pre-history to 1889 (1975)

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Somare, Michael (6 December 2004). "Stable Government, Investment Initiatives, and Economic Growth". Keynote address to the 8th Papua New Guinea Mining and Petroleum Conference. Archived from the original on 2006-06-28. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  2. "Never more to rise". The National (February 6, 2006). Retrieved 19 January 2005.
  3. ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: ଅଚଳ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ; cia ନାମରେ ଥିବା ଆଧାର ଭିତରେ କିଛି ଲେଖା ନାହିଁ ।
  4. Population a concern[dead link] postcourier.com.pg (25 June 2013).
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ "Papua New Guinea". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  6. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  7. Malik, Khalid (2014). Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience (pdf). Human Development Report 2014. New York: United Nations Development Programme. p. 162. ISBN 978-92-1-126368-8. Retrieved 28 July 2014.

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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