ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଆଫ୍ରିକା

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
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Coordinates: 30°S 25°E / 30°S 25°E / -30; 25


Flag of South Africa
Coat of arms of South Africa
Flag Coat of arms
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ: !ke e: ǀxarra ǁke  (ǀXam)
"Unity In Diversity"
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: National anthem of South Africa
South Africa (orthographic projection).svg
ରାଜଧାନୀPretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରJohannesburg (2006)[୨]
ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷା
ଜାତି
79.5% Black
9.0% White
9.0% Coloured
2.5% Asian
ଜାତୀୟତାSouth African
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary republic
• President
Jacob Zuma
Kgalema Motlanthe
M. J. Mahlangu
Max Sisulu
Mogoeng Mogoeng
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳParliament
• ଉଚ୍ଚ ସଦନ
National Council of Provinces
• ନିମ୍ନ ସଦନ
National Assembly
Independence 
• Union
31 May 1910
11 December 1931
• Republic
31 May 1961
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
୧,୨୨୧,୦୩୭ କି.ମି. (୪୭୧,୪୪୫ sq mi) (25th)
• ଜଳଭାଗ (%)
Negligible
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• 2012 estimate
48,810,427 (24th)
• 2001 census
44,819,778[୪]
• ଘନତା
୪୧.୪/କି.ମି. (୧୦୭.୨/sq mi) (169th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2011 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$555.134 billion[୫]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$10,973[୫]
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2011 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$408.074 billion[୫]
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$8,066[୫]
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (2009)63.1[୬]
Error: Invalid Gini value · 2nd
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2011)0.619 increase
Error: Invalid HDI value · 123rd
ମୁଦ୍ରାSouth African Rand (ZAR)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳUTC+2 (SAST)
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖleft
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼+27
Internet TLD.za


ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଆଫ୍ରିକା ଆଫ୍ରିକାରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୂଗୋଳ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଶାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "The Constitution". Constitutional Court of South Africa. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  2. "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  3. The Khoi, Nama and San languages; sign language; German, Greek, Gujarati, Hindi, Portuguese, Tamil, Telegu and Urdu; and Arabic, Hebrew, Sanskrit and "other languages used for religious purposes in South Africa" have a special status. See Chapter 1, Article 6, of the Constitution.
  4. "Census 2001 at a glance". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ "South Africa". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012–September–21.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.