ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ:Notability (organizations and companies)
|This page documents an English Wikipedia notability guideline. It is a generally accepted standard that editors should attempt to follow, though it is best treated with common sense, and occasional exceptions may apply. Any substantive edit to this page should reflect consensus. When in doubt, discuss first on the talk page.|
|Subject specific guidelines|
Organizations & companies
Sports and athletes
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An organization is generally considered notable if it has been the subject of significant coverage in reliable, independent secondary sources. Trivial or incidental coverage of a subject by secondary sources is not sufficient to establish notability. All content must be verifiable. If no independent, third-party, reliable sources can be found on a topic, then Wikipedia should not have an article on it.
This page is to help determine whether an organization (commercial or otherwise), or any of its products and services, is a valid subject for a separate Wikipedia article dedicated solely to that organization or product. The scope of this guideline covers all groups of people organized together for a purpose, although people gathered for more specific purposes may be governed by more specific guidelines. For example, people gathered together for the purpose of making music are covered by WP:MUSIC.
Simply stated, an organization is a group of more than one person formed together for a purpose. This includes commercial and non-commercial activities, such as charitable organizations, educational institutions, hospitals, institutions, interest groups, social clubs, companies, partnerships, proprietorships, religious denominations, sects, etc.
This guideline does not cover small groups of closely related people such as families, entertainment groups, co-authors, and co-inventors covered by WP:Notability (people).
Decisions based on verifiable evidence[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]
Notable means "worthy of being noted" or "attracting notice." Wikipedia bases its decision about whether an organization is notable enough to justify a separate article on the verifiable evidence that the organization or product has attracted the notice of reliable sources unrelated to the organization or product. Notability requires only that these necessary sources have been published—even if these sources are not actually listed in the article yet (though in most cases it probably would improve the article to add them).
A company, corporation, organization, school, team, religion, group, product, or service is notable if it has been the subject of significant coverage in secondary sources. Such sources must be reliable, and independent of the subject. A single independent source is almost never sufficient for demonstrating the notability of an organization.
Depth of coverage[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]
The depth of coverage of the subject by the source must be considered. If the depth of coverage is not substantial, then multiple independent sources should be cited to establish notability. Trivial or incidental coverage of a subject is not sufficient to establish notability.
Deep coverage provides an organization with a level of attention that extends well beyond routine announcements and makes it possible to write more than a very brief, incomplete stub about an organization. Acceptable sources under this criterion include all types of reliable sources except works carrying merely trivial coverage, such as:
- sources that simply report meeting times, shopping hours or event schedules,
- the publications of telephone numbers, addresses, and directions in business directories,
- inclusion in lists of similar organizations,
- the season schedule or final score from sporting events,
- routine communiqués announcing such matters as the hiring or departure of personnel,
- brief announcements of mergers or sales of part of the business,
- simple statements that a product line is being sold, changed, or discontinued,
- routine notices of facility openings or closings (e.g., closure for a holiday or the end of the regular season),
- routine notices of the opening or closing of local branches, franchises, or shops,
- quotations from an organization's personnel as story sources, or
- passing mention, such as identifying a quoted person as working for an organization.
The source's audience must also be considered. Evidence of attention by international or national, or at least regional, media is a strong indication of notability. On the other hand, attention solely from local media, or media of limited interest and circulation, is not an indication of notability; at least one regional, national, or international source is necessary.
Independence of sources[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]
A primary test of notability is whether people independent of the subject itself (or its manufacturer, creator, or vendor) have actually considered the company, corporation, product or service notable enough that they have written and published non-trivial, non-routine works that focus upon it.
Sources used to support a claim of notability include independent, reliable publications in all forms, such as newspaper articles, books, television documentaries, websites, and published reports by consumer watchdog organizations except for the following:
- press releases, press kits, or similar works;
- self-published materials;
- any material written by the organization, its members, or sources closely associated with it;
- advertising and marketing materials by, about, or on behalf of the organization;
- corporate websites or other websites written, published, or controlled by the organization;
- patents, whether pending or granted;
- any material written or published by the organization, directly or indirectly;
- other works in which the company, corporation, organization, or group talks about itself—whether published by the company, corporation, organization, or group itself, or re-printed by other people.
Self-promotion and product placement are not routes to qualifying for an encyclopaedia article. Qualifying published works must be someone else writing about the company, corporation, club, organization, product, or service.
Once notability is established, primary sources and self-published sources may be used to verify some of the article's content. See Wikipedia:Autobiography for the verifiability and neutrality problems that affect material where the subject of the article itself is the source of the material.
Organizations are usually notable if they meet both of the following standards:
- The scope of their activities is national or international in scale.
- Information about the organization and its activities can be verified by multiple, third-party, independent, reliable sources.
Additional considerations are:
- Nationally notable local organizations: Some organizations are local in scope, but have achieved national or even international notice. Organizations whose activities are local in scope (e.g., a school or club) can be considered notable if there is substantial verifiable evidence of coverage by reliable independent sources outside the organization's local area. Where coverage is only local in scope, consider adding a section on the organization to an article on the organization's local area instead.
- Factors that have attracted widespread attention: The organization’s longevity, size of membership, major achievements, prominent scandals, or other factors specific to the organization should be considered to the extent that these factors have been reported by independent sources. This list is not exhaustive and not conclusive.
- Caveat - Be cautious of claims that small organizations are national or international in scale. The fact that an organization has branches in multiple countries does not necessarily mean that its activities are truly international. Example: a tiny fraternal organization with a total membership of sixty members, world wide, is not "international in scale" simply because the members live in separate countries and have formed sub-chapters where they live.
All schools, including universities, colleges, high schools, middle schools, primary (elementary) schools, and schools that only provide a support to mainstream education must satisfy either this guideline or the general notability guideline, or both.
If it's not notable[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]
Although an organization that fails to meet the criteria of this guideline should not have a separate article, information about the organization may nevertheless be included in other ways in Wikipedia provided that certain conditions are met.
Content about the organization can be added into relevant articles if it:
- has the appropriate level of detail and significance for that article;
- avoids self-promotion; and
- only includes information that can be verified through independent sources.
For organizations local to a city, town, or county, content conforming to the above criteria may be added to articles for that locale. For example, a business that is significant to the history or economy of a small town might be described in the ==History== or ==Economy== section of the small town.
- en:Wikipedia:Naming conventions (companies)
- en:Wikipedia:Autobiography (for companies that are creating articles about themselves)
- en:WP:LISTCOMPANY, style guideline for lists of companies
- ↑ ୧.୦ ୧.୧ "Source" on Wikipedia can refer to the work itself, the author of the work, and/or the publisher of the work. For notability purposes, sources must be completely unrelated to each other to be "multiple". A story reprinted in multiple newspapers is still one source (one publication). A series of articles by the same journalist is still one source (one person). Different articles in the same newspaper is still one source (one publisher).
- ↑ Inclusion in "best of", "top 100", and similar lists does not count towards notability at all, unless the list itself is notable, such as the Fortune 500 and the Michelin Guide. Inclusion in a notable list counts like any other reliable source, but it does not exempt the article from the normal value of providing evidence that independent sources discuss the subject.
- ↑ Examples:
- Microsoft Word satisfies this criterion because people who are wholly independent of Microsoft have written books about it.
- The Oxford Union satisfies this criterion for having two books (by Graham and by Walter) written and published about it.
- ↑ Patents are written and published solely at the direction of the inventor or organization that the inventor assigned the patent to. Their contents are not verified to be accurate by the patent offices or any other independent agency. See Wikipedia:Reliable source examples#Are patents reliable sources?.