ହେଲସିଙ୍କି (//; Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhelsiŋki] ( listen); Swedish: Helsingfors ) ଫିନଲାଣ୍ଡ ଦେଶର ରାଜଧାନୀ ଓ ସର୍ବବୃହତ ସହର । ଏହା ଦକ୍ଷିଣ ଫିନଲାଣ୍ଡର ଉସିମା ଅଞ୍ଚଳରେ ଗଲ୍ଫ ଅଫ ଫିନଲାଣ୍ଡ ତଟରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ ।
ହେଲସିଙ୍କି ସହରର ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା 629,512 , ସହରାଞ୍ଚଳର ଲୋକ ସଂଖ୍ୟା 1,214,210 ଏବଂ ସଂଯୁକ୍ତ ମେଟ୍ରୋପଲିଟାନର ଜଣ ସଂଖ୍ୟା 1.4 ମିଲିୟନ ।ଏହା ଫିନଲାଣ୍ଡର ସର୍ବାଧିକ ଜନବହୁଳ ମୁନିସିପାଲିଟି ଓ ସହରାଞ୍ଚଳ । ଅବସ୍ଥିତି ହେଲସିଙ୍କି ଦକ୍ଷିଣରେ ଏସ୍ତୋନିଆର ତାଲିନ୍ନ ଠାରୁ 80 କିଲୋମିଟର , ସ୍ୱିଡେନର ଷ୍ଟକହୋମ ଠାରୁ 400 କିଲୋମିଟର ପୂର୍ବରେ , ପଶ୍ଚିମରେ ରୁସିୟାର ସେଣ୍ଟ ପିତରସବର୍ଗ ଠାରୁ 3888 କିଲୋମିଟର ଦୂରରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ । ଏହି ତିନି ସହର ସହ ହେକ୍ସିଙ୍କିର ଏଇତିହାସିକ ଭାବରେ ଘନିଶ .ସମ୍ବନ୍ଧ ରହିଛି । .
Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval (today known as Tallinn). Little came of the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny town plagued by poverty, wars, and diseases. The plague of 1710 killed the greater part of the inhabitants of Helsinki. The construction of the naval fortress Sveaborg (In Finnish Viapori, today also Suomenlinna) in the 18th century helped improve Helsinki's status, but it was not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that the town began to develop into a substantial city. During the war, Russians besieged the Sveaborg fortress, and about one quarter of the town was destroyed in an 1808 fire.
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The biggest historical museum in Helsinki is the National Museum of Finland, which displays a vast historical collection from prehistoric times to the 21st century. The museum building itself, a national romantic style neomedieval castle, is a tourist attraction. Another major historical museum is the Helsinki City Museum, which introduces visitors to Helsinki's 500-year history. The University of Helsinki also has many significant museums, including the Helsinki University Museum "Arppeanum" and the Finnish Museum of Natural History.
Rail transport and buses[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
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