ରେନ୍‌ହୋଲ୍ଡ ରଡ଼େନ୍‌ବର୍ଗ

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 ରେନ୍‌ହୋଲ୍ଡ ରଡ଼େନ୍‌ବର୍ଗ (Reinhold Rudenberg) (୪ ଫେବୃୟାରୀ, ୧୮୮୩ – ୨୫ ଡିସେମ୍ବର, ୧୯୬୧) ଜଣେ ଜର୍ମାନ - ଆମେରିକୀୟ ବିଦ୍ୟୁତ ଯନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ଏବଂ inventor, credited with many innovations in the electric power and related fields.[୧] Aside from improvements in electric power equipment, especially large alternating current generators, among others were the electrostatic-lens electron microscope, carrier-current communications on power lines, a form of phased array radar, an explanation of power blackouts, preferred number series, and the number prefix "Giga-".

ପ୍ରାରମ୍ଭିକ ଜୀବନ ଓ ଶିକ୍ଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ ଓ ଗବେଷଣା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସେ ତାଙ୍କ ଜୀବନକାଳ ଭିତରେ ଅନେକ କିଛି ବହି ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି, ବିଶେଷ କରି electrical transients ଉପରେ ଲିଖିତ ବହିସବୁ ବିପୁଳ ପଥକୀୟତା ଲାଭ କରିଛି, ଏବଂ କଲେଜ ପାଠ୍ୟକ୍ରମରେ ବ୍ୟବହାର କରାଯାଏ । ତାଙ୍କ କିଛି ଅବଦାନ ଗୁଡ଼ିକ ହେଲା:

  • Carrier current communications (patent)
  • Hollow conductors for overhead high voltage power transmission
  • Electron microscope with electrostatic lenses (patent)
  • Reversing or Backing of Ships and Propellers
  • Phased array radar "geoscope" (patent)
  • First analysis of explosives blast overpressure versus energy of charge
  • Hyperbolic field lenses for focusing electron beams
  • Electric power directly from atomic radiation (patent)
  • Explaining the contributing cause of electric power systems blackout

ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ମାଇକ୍ରୋସ୍କୋପ୍ ଓ ପ୍ୟାଟେଣ୍ଟ୍[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମ୍ମାନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • ୧୯୧୧ - ମୋଣ୍ଟେଫିଓରି (Montefiori) ପୁରସ୍କାର, Institut Montefiore, ଲିଗ୍ (Liege), ବେଲ୍‌ଜିଅମ୍
  • ୧୯୨୧ - Dr.Ing. h.c. T.U. Karlsruhe
  • ୧୯୪୬ - Stevens Institute Honor Award and Medal "For notable achievement in the Field of Electron Optics as the inventor of the electron microscope."
  • ୧୯୪୯ - Cedergren Medal, Sweden
  • ୧୯୫୪ - Eta Kappa Nu Eminent Member
  • ୧୯୫୬ - TU Berlin Honorary Senator
  • ୧୯୫୭ - Grand Cross of Meritorious Service of the Federal German Republic, Germany’s GVK medal "Pour le Merite" (Große Verdienstkreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik)
  • ୧୯୬୧ - Elliott Cresson Medal, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia

କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Rüdenberg, Reinhold (1916) Artilleristische Monatshefte, No. 113/114, 237-265, 285-316 (in which Rudenberg analyzes the mechanism and the propagation of shock waves from heavy explossions and determines the laws of destruction at a distance).
  • Rüdenberg, R. (1932) Elektronenmikroskop (Electron microscope). Naturwissenschaften 20, 522
  • Rüdenberg,Reinhold (1943) The frequencies of natural power oscillations in interconnected generating and distribution systems. Trans. Amer. Inst. Elec. Engineers 62, 791-803 (In which Rudenberg shows the fundamental period of power surge and sag after a major transient, that may trigger a total blackout).
  • Rüdenberg, Reinhold (1943) "The Early History of the Electron Microscope", J Appl. Physics 14, 434-436, (in which Rudenberg describes stimulus to begin his work, also patent excerpts showing his electrostatic aperture electron lenses).
  • Rüdenberg, Reinhold (1945) J. Franklin Inst. 240, p. 193ff & 347ff (in which Rudenberg investigates the reversal and the transient behaviour of propellers and ships during maneuvering for controlled rapid action and the prevention of loss of control from propeller "cavitation").

ଟୀକା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Jacottet,Paul; Strigel,R (1958): Reinhold Rüdenberg zum 75. Geburtstag,.ETZ-A 79, 97-100. [on his 75th birthday][in German] (List of publications)
  • White, J.T. (1965) Rudenberg, Reinhold, in The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 47:48-49, J. T. White & Co. New York
  • Weiher, Siegfried von (1976) Rüdenberg, Reinhold, Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 11: 588-589, Ch. Scribner's and Son, New York.
  • Schoen, Lothar (1994) Rüdenberg, Reinhold, in Feldtkeller, Ernst; et al. (Eds.) Pioniere der Wissenschaft bei Siemens), Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim p. 53-59 (Pioneers of Science at Siemens capsule biography, career and main contributions to science and Siemens during his tenure 1908-1936).[In German]
  • Schoen,Lothar (2006) Rüdenberg, Reinhold Neue Deutsche Biographie 22:210-212 [In German]

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Rudenberg, H. Gunther and Rudenberg, F. Hermann (1994), "Reinhold Rudenberg as a physicist – his contributions and patents on the electron microscope, traced back to the 'Göttingen Electron Group'", MSA Bulletin, 24, No. 4, 572-578.

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]