ମେକ୍ସିକୋ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
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Coordinates: 23°N 102°W / 23°N 102°W / 23; -102

United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Flag of Mexico
Coat of arms of Mexico
Flag Coat of arms
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: Himno Nacional Mexicano
(English: "Mexican National Anthem")

Location of Mexico
Location of Mexico
ରାଜଧାନୀ
and largest city
Mexico City
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରMexico City
ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷାNone at federal level
Recognised regional languages
National languageSpanish[b]
ଜାତୀୟତାMexican
GovernmentFederal presidential
constitutional republic[୨]
• President
Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI) PRI Party (Mexico).svg
Miguel Barbosa Huerta (PRD) PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
Silvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳCongress
• ଉଚ୍ଚ ସଦନ
Senate
• ନିମ୍ନ ସଦନ
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from Spain
• Declared
September 16, 1810[୩]
September 27, 1821
December 28, 1836
October 4, 1824
February 5, 1857
February 5, 1917
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
୧,୯୭୨,୫୫୦ କି.ମି. (୭୬୧,୬୧୦ sq mi) (14th)
• ଜଳଭାଗ (%)
2.5
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• 2015 estimate
125,235,587[୪] (11th)
• ଘନତା
୫୭/କି.ମି. (୧୪୭.୬/sq mi) (142nd)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2015 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$2.224 trillion[୫] (11th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$18,857[୫] (66th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2015 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$1.232 trillion[୫] (13th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$10,174[୫] (65th)
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (2012)48.1[୬]
high
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2014)increase 0.756[୭]
high · 74th
ମୁଦ୍ରାPeso (MXN)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳUTC−8 to −5 (See Time in Mexico)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−7 to −5 (varies)
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖright
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼+52
Internet TLD.mx
  1. Article 4.° of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.[୮]
  2. ^ Spanish is the de facto official language of the Mexican federal government.

ମେକ୍ସିକୋ ଉତ୍ତର ଆମେରିକାରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ।

ସୁଚନା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଏହି ଦେଶଟି ଉତ୍ତର ଆମେରିକା ଓ ପାସିଫିକ୍ ମହାସାଗରର ସୀମାରେ

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଏହି ଦେଶର ପୁରାତନ ଅଧିବାସି ମାନଙ୍କର ଚଳଣି ଉପରେ ଅନୁସନ୍ଧାନ କରିବାଦ୍ୱାରା ମିଳିଥିବା ତଥ୍ୟ ଅନୁସାରେ ସେମାନେ ମୁଖ୍ୟତ ଶୀକାର ଉପରେ ନିରଭର କରୁଥିଲେ। ଆଗରୁ ମୁନିଆ ପଥର ଖଣ୍ଡ ଓ ଗଛର ମୁନିଆ ଡାଳଗୁଦିକୁ ଶୀକାର କାରିବାକୁ ବ୍ୟବହାର କାରୁଥିବାର

ଭୂଗୋଳ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

A topographic map of Mexico.
El Puente de Dios (The Bridge of God) in Tamasopo, SLP.

[୧୦]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରାସାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

[୧୧]

ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବିବିଧତା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The jaguar, a native mammal of Mexico

[୧୨] [୧୩]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "Catálogo de las lenguas indígenas nacionales: Variantes lingüísticas de México con sus autodenominaciones y referencias geoestadísticas". Inali.gob.mx. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  2. "Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, title 2, article 40" (PDF). MX Q: SCJN. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 11, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  3. Rafaela Castro (2000). Chicano Folklore: A Guide to the Folktales, Traditions, Rituals and Religious Practices of Mexican Americans. Oxford University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-19-514639-4.
  4. "Principales resultados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015 Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF). INEGI. pp. 1, 77. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
  5. ୫.୦ ୫.୧ ୫.୨ ୫.୩ "Mexico". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  7. "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990-2014". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  8. INALI (March 13, 2003). "General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples" (PDF). Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  9. "El lema de una nación". Blogexperto.com. June 17, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  10. "Nord-Amèrica, in Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana". Grec.cat. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  11. "Articles 50 to 79". Political Constitution of the United Mexican States. Congress of the Union of the United Mexican States. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
  12. "Biodiversidad de México". SEMARNAT. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  13. Hayden, Cori. 2003. When Nature Goes Public: The Making and Unmaking of Bioproscpecting in Mexico. Princeton University Press.