ପୋଟାସିଅମ କ୍ଲୋରାଇଡ

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ପୋଟାସିଅମ କ୍ଲୋରାଇଡ
Potassium chloride.jpg
Potassium-chloride-3D-ionic.png
Names
Other names
Sylvite
Muriate of potash
Identifiers
CAS number 7447-40-7 YesY
PubChem 4873
ChemSpider 4707 YesY
UNII 660YQ98I10 YesY
KEGG D02060 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:32588 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1200731 N
RTECS number TS8050000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula KCl
Molar mass 74.5513 g·mol−1
Appearance white crystalline solid
Odor odorless
Density 1.984 g/cm3
Melting point ୭୭୦ °C (୧,୪୨୦ °F; ୧,୦୪୦ K)
Boiling point ୧,୪୨୦ °C (୨,୫୯୦ °F; ୧,୬୯୦ K)
Solubility in water 21.74% (0 °C)
25.39% (20 °C)
36.05% (100 °C)
Solubility Soluble in glycerol, alkalies
Slightly soluble in alcohol Insoluble in ether[୧]
Acidity (pKa) ~7
−39.0·10−6 cm3/mol
1.4902 (589 nm)
Structure
face centered cubic
Fm3m, No. 225
a = 629.2 pm [୨]
Octahedral (K+)
Octahedral (Cl)
Thermochemistry
83 J·mol−1·K−1[୩]
−436 kJ·mol−1[୩]
Pharmacology
A12BA01 (WHO) B05XA01
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Oral, IV, IM
Pharmacokinetics:
Renal: 90%; Fecal: 10% [୪]
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
1
0
Flash point
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
Related compounds
Other anions
Potassium fluoride
Potassium bromide
Potassium iodide
Potassium astatide
Other cations
Lithium chloride
Sodium chloride
Rubidium chloride
Caesium chloride
Francium chloride
Related compounds
Potassium chlorate
Potassium perchlorate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. "Potassium chloride (PIM 430)". International Programme on Chemical Safety. 3.3.1 Properties of the substance. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  2. D.B. Sirdeshmukh; L. Sirdeshmukh; K.G. Subhadra. Alkali Halides: A Handbook of Physical Properties. 
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ Zumdahl, Steven S. (୨୦୦୯). Chemical Principles ୬th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. A୨୨. ISBN ୦-୬୧୮-୯୪୬୯୦-X. 
  4. "Compound Summary for CID 4873". Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/rn/7447-40-7[full citation needed]