ଆଲଜେରିଆ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Jumhūriyyah Al-Jazāʾiriyyah Ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah Ash-Shaʿbiyyah
République algérienne démocratique et populaire
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ : بالشّعب وللشّعب   (Arabic)
"By the people and for the people"
[୧][୨]
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ"Kassaman"
"We Pledge"
ରାଜଧାନୀ
(and largest city)
Algiers
36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.7°N 3.217°E / 36.7; 3.217
ରାଜ ଭାଷା Arabic[୩]
National languages Berber
French (de facto)
ଜାତି]କିମ୍ବା  Arab-Berber 99%
European less than 1%
ଏକା ଅର୍ଥ Algerian
ସରକାର Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
 -  Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal
ବିଧାନମଣ୍ଡଳ Parliament
 -  ରାଜ୍ୟସଭା Council of the Nation
 -  ଲୋକସଭା People's National Assembly
Independence from France 
 -  Recognized 3 July 1962 
 -  Declared 5 July 1962 
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ ୨୩,୮୧,୭୪୧ km2 (10th)
୯,୧୯,୫୯୫ ବର୍ଗ ମି 
 -  ଜଳଭାଗ (%) negligible
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
 -  2012 ଆକଳନ 37,100,000 
 -  1998 census 29,100,867 
 -  ଘନତା 14.6/କିମି (204th)
୩୭.୯/ବର୍ଗ ମି
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (କ୍ରୟ ଶକ୍ତି ସମାନତା) 2011 ଅନୁମାନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $263.661 billion[୪] (47th)
 -  ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା ହାର ହିସାବରେ $7,333[୪] (100th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ଆକଳନ କରାଯାଇଥିବା) 2011 ଆକଳନ
 -  ସର୍ବମୋଟ $190.709 billion[୪] (49th)
 -  ପ୍ରତିଟି ମଣିଷ $5,304[୪] (93rd)
ଜିନି (1995) 35.3[୫] (medium
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2011) increase 0.698[୬] (medium) (96th)
ମୁଦ୍ରା Algerian dinar (DZD)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳ CET (UTC+01)
ରାସ୍ତାର ଏପାଖରେ ଚାଲନ୍ତୁ right[୭]
ଇଣ୍ଟରନେଟ ଟିଏଲଡ଼ି .dz, الجزائر.
ଫୋନ କୋଡ଼ 213
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language.[୮]
Berber is spoken by one fourth of the population and has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitutional amendment since 8 May 2002.[୯] Algerian Arabic (or Darja) is the language used by the majority of the population. Although French has no official status, Algeria is the second Francophone country in the world in terms of speakers[୧୦] and French is still widely used in the government, the culture, the media (newspapers) and the education system (since primary school), due to Algeria's colonial history and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Algeria. The Kabyle language, the most-spoken Berber language in the country, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylia.

ଆଲଜେରିଆ ଉତ୍ତର-ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଆଫ୍ରିକା ରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୂଗୋଳ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଶାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria, Art. 11 (in Arabic).Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  2. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria Art. 11. Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  3. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria Art. 3. Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ ୪.୨ ୪.୩ "Algeria". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=612&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=68&pr.y=8. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  5. Staff (undated). "Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5rRcwIiYs. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2011. Human Development Index Trends". United Nations. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  7. Could the UK drive on the right? map at the BBC
  8. Staff (10 April 2010). "Présentation de l'Algérie" (["Presentation of Algeria"]) (in French). French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  9. also the family involved was smahi Eg sofiane smahi and amine smahi"L'Algérie crée une académie de la langue amazigh" (in French).
  10. "La mondialisation, une chance pour la francophonie" (in French).

ବାହାର ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

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