ଆଲଜେରିଆ

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People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Jumhūriyyah Al-Jazāʾiriyyah Ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah Ash-Shaʿbiyyah
République algérienne démocratique et populaire
Flag of Algeria Lezzayer
Emblem of Algeria Lezzayer
Flag Emblem
ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରାଦର୍ଶ: بالشّعب وللشّعب   (Arabic)
"By the people and for the people"
[୧][୨]
ଜାତୀୟ ସଙ୍ଗୀତ: "Kassaman"
"We Pledge"
Location of Algeria Lezzayer
ରାଜଧାନୀAlgiers
ବୃହତ୍ତମ ସହରcapital
ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷାArabic[୩]
National languagesBerber
French (de facto)
ଜାତି
Arab-Berber 99%
European less than 1%
ଜାତୀୟତାAlgerian
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
• President
Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Abdelmalek Sellal
ବିଧାନ ମଣ୍ଡଳParliament
• ଉଚ୍ଚ ସଦନ
Council of the Nation
• ନିମ୍ନ ସଦନ
People's National Assembly
Independence 
from France
• Recognized
3 July 1962
• Declared
5 July 1962
କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ
• ମୋଟ
୨,୩୮୧,୭୪୧ କି.ମି. (୯୧୯,୫୯୫ sq mi) (10th)
• ଜଳଭାଗ (%)
negligible
ଲୋକସଂଖ୍ୟା
• 2012 estimate
37,100,000
• 1998 census
29,100,867
• ଘନତା
୧୪.୬/କି.ମି. (୩୭.୮/sq mi) (204th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ  (ସମତୁଲ୍ୟ କ୍ରୟଶକ୍ତି)2011 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$263.661 billion[୪] (47th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$7,333[୪] (100th)
ମୋଟ ଘରୋଇ ଉତ୍ପାଦ (ସାଙ୍କେତିକ)2011 estimate
• ମୋଟ
$190.709 billion[୪] (49th)
• ମୁଣ୍ଡପିଛା
$5,304[୪] (93rd)
ଜିନି ଗୁଣାଙ୍କ  (1995)35.3[୫]
Error: Invalid Gini value
ମାନବ ବିକାଶ ସୂଚନାଙ୍କ (2011)increase 0.698[୬]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 96th
ମୁଦ୍ରାAlgerian dinar (DZD)
ସମୟ ମଣ୍ଡଳCET (UTC+01)
ରାସ୍ତା ଚାଲିବା ପାଖright[୭]
ଟେଲିଫୋନ କୋଡ଼213
ISO 3166 codeDZ
Internet TLD.dz, الجزائر.
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language.[୮]
Berber is spoken by one fourth of the population and has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitutional amendment since 8 May 2002.[୯] Algerian Arabic (or Darja) is the language used by the majority of the population. Although French has no official status, Algeria is the second Francophone country in the world in terms of speakers[୧୦] and French is still widely used in the government, the culture, the media (newspapers) and the education system (since primary school), due to Algeria's colonial history and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Algeria. The Kabyle language, the most-spoken Berber language in the country, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylia.

ଆଲଜେରିଆ ଉତ୍ତର-ପଶ୍ଚିମ ଆଫ୍ରିକାରେ ଥିବା ଏକ ଦେଶ।

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୂଗୋଳ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପ୍ରଶାସନିକ ବିଭାଜନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭାଷା[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria, Art. 11 (in Arabic).Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  2. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria Art. 11. Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  3. (28 November 1996). Constitution of Algeria Art. 3. Office of President of Algeria. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  4. ୪.୦ ୪.୧ ୪.୨ ୪.୩ "Algeria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  5. Staff (undated). "Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
  6. "Human Development Report 2011. Human Development Index Trends" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  7. Could the UK drive on the right? map at the BBC
  8. Staff (10 April 2010). "Présentation de l'Algérie" (["Presentation of Algeria"]) (in French). French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  9. also the family involved was smahi Eg sofiane smahi and amine smahi"L'Algérie crée une académie de la langue amazigh" (in French).
  10. "La mondialisation, une chance pour la francophonie" (in French).

ଅଧିକ ତଥ୍ୟ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]