ସାମାରିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Samarium,  62Sm
Samarium-2.jpg
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ samarium, Sm
Appearance silvery white
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /səˈmɛəriəm/ sə-mair-ee-əm
Samarium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

Sm

Pu
promethiumsamariumeuropium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 62
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 6
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   lanthanide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) 150.36
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Xe] 6s2 4f6
per shell
2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 1345 K ​(1072 °C, ​1962 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 2067 K ​(1794 °C, ​3261 °F)
Density near r.t. 7.52 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 7.16 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 8.62 kJ/mol
Heat of 165 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 29.54 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1001 1106 1240 (1421) (1675) (2061)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states

4, 3, 2, 1

(mildly basic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.17
Atomic radius empirical: 180 pm
Covalent radius 198±8 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure rhombohedral
Rhombohedral crystal structure for samarium
Speed of sound thin rod 2130 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion (r.t.) (α, poly) 12.7 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity 13.3 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity (r.t.) (α, poly) 0.940 µ Ω·m
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[୧]
Young's modulus (α form) 49.7 GPa
Shear modulus (α form) 19.5 GPa
Bulk modulus (α form) 37.8 GPa
Poisson ratio (α form) 0.274
Vickers hardness 412 MPa
Brinell hardness 441 MPa
CAS Number 7440-19-9
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1879)
First isolation Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1879)
Most stable isotopes of samarium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
144Sm 3.07% 144Sm is stable with 82 neutrons
145Sm syn 340 d ε - 145Pm
146Sm trace 1.03×108 y α 2.529 142Nd
147Sm 14.99% 1.06×1011 y α 2.310 143Nd
148Sm 11.24% 7×1015 y α 1.986 144Nd
149Sm 13.82% >2×1015 y α 1.870 145Nd
150Sm 7.38% 150Sm is stable with 88 neutrons
151Sm syn 90 y β - 151Eu
152Sm 26.75% 152Sm is stable with 90 neutrons
153Sm syn 46.284 h β - 153Eu
154Sm 22.75% >2.3×1018 y ββ 1.2510 154Gd
| references

ସାମାରିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Smପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୬୨ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଗଠନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

ଆହୁରି ପଢନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth–Heinemann. ISBN 0-08-037941-9.

ବାହାର ଲିଙ୍କ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]