ରଦର୍ଫୋର୍ଡ଼ିଅମ

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Rutherfordium,  104Rf
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ rutherfordium, Rf
Appearance unknown
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˌrʌðərˈfɔrdiəm/
rudh-ər-for-dee-əm
Rutherfordium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Hf

Rf

(Uph)
lawrenciumrutherfordiumdubnium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 104
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group 4, d-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 7
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   transition metal
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) [267]
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2[୧][୨]
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid (predicted)[୧][୨]
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 2400 K ​(2100 °C, ​3800 (estimated)[୧][୨] °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 5800 K ​(5500 °C, ​9900 (estimated)[୧][୨] °F)
Density near r.t. 23 (estimated)[୧][୨] g/cm3
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4,[୧] 3 (predicted)[୨] ​only bolded oxidation states are known experimentally
energies
(more)
Atomic radius empirical: 150 (estimated)[୨] pm
Covalent radius 157 (estimated)[୧] pm
Miscellanea
CAS Number 53850-36-5
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (1964)
Most stable isotopes of rutherfordium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
261Rf syn 70 s[୩] >80% α 8.28 257No
<15% ε 261Lr
<10% SF
263Rf syn 15 min[୩] <100% SF
~30% α 7.90 ? 259No
265Rf syn 2.5 min[୪] SF
266Rf? syn 10? h SF?/α?
267Rf syn 1.3 h[୩] SF
268Rf? syn 6? h SF?/α?

only isotopes with half-lives over 5 seconds are included here

| references

ରଦର୍ଫୋର୍ଡ଼ିଅମ ହେଉଛି ଏକ ରାସାୟନିକ ମୌଳିକ ଯାହାର ପ୍ରତୀକ Rfପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ ୧୦୪ ଅଟେ ।

ଧର୍ମ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଭୌତିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ରସାୟନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ସମସ୍ଥାନିକ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଇତିହାସ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉପସ୍ଥିତି[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଉତ୍ପାଦନ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ବ୍ୟବହାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆହୁରି ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ଆଧାର[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. ୧.୦ ୧.୧ ୧.୨ ୧.୩ ୧.୪ ୧.୫ ୧.୬ Chemical Data. Rutherfordium - Rf, Royal Chemical Society
  2. ୨.୦ ୨.୧ ୨.୨ ୨.୩ ୨.୪ ୨.୫ ୨.୬ ଆଧାର ଭୁଲ: ଅଚଳ <ref> ଚିହ୍ନ; Haire ନାମରେ ଥିବା ଆଧାର ଭିତରେ କିଛି ଲେଖା ନାହିଁ ।
  3. ୩.୦ ୩.୧ ୩.୨ Sonzogni, Alejandro. "Interactive Chart of Nuclides". National Nuclear Data Center: Brookhaven National Laboratory. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  4. Ellison, P.; Gregorich, K.; Berryman, J.; Bleuel, D.; Clark, R.; Dragojević, I.; Dvorak, J.; Fallon, P. et al. (2010). "New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114". Physical Review Letters 105. Bibcode:2010PhRvL.105r2701E. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.182701. 

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