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"ଋଣ" ପୃଷ୍ଠାର ସଂସ୍କରଣ‌ଗୁଡ଼ିକ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ତଫାତ

୨୭୦ ବାଇଟଗୁଡିକ ଯୋଡାଗଲା ,  ୩ ବର୍ଷ ପୂର୍ବେ
ଟିକେNo edit summary
ଟ୍ୟାଗ: 2017 source edit
=== ସୁରକ୍ଷିତ ===
ଏହି ଋଣରେ ରୁଣକର୍ତ୍ତା କିଛି ସମ୍ପତ୍ତି (ଯଥା: କାର, ଜମି, ଘର, ସୁନାରୂପା ଇତ୍ୟାଦି) ବନ୍ଧାରେ ରଖି ଋଣ ନେଇଥାନ୍ତି । ଋଣ ଶୁଝି ନପାରିଲେ ଋଣଦାତା କ୍ଷତିପୂରଣ ବାବଦରେ ବନ୍ଧାଥିବା ସମ୍ପତ୍ତିକୁ ନିଜ ଅକ୍ତିଆରକୁ ଆଣିପାରିବେ ।
A secured loan is a loan in which the borrower pledges some asset (e.g. a car or house) as collateral.
ସେହିଭଳି ଏକ କାର କିଣିବାକୁ ନିଆଯାଇଥିବା କାର ଋଣରେ କିଣାଯାଇଥିବା କାରଟି ବନ୍ଧା ପଡ଼ିଥାଏ । ଦୁଇ ପ୍ରକାରର ଗାଡ଼ି ଋଣ ଥାଏ ।
A mortgage loan is a very common type of loan, used by many individuals to purchase residential property. The lender, usually a financial institution, is given security{{snd}} a lien on the title to the property{{snd}} until the mortgage is paid off in full. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the bank would have the legal right to repossess the house and sell it, to recover sums owing to it.
* ସିଧାସଳଖ ଋଣ, ଏଥିରେ ବ୍ୟାଙ୍କରୁ ସିଧାସଳଖ ଋଣ ନିଆଯାଇଥାଏ ।
Similarly, a loan taken out to buy a car may be secured by the car. The duration of the loan is much shorter{{snd}} often corresponding to the useful life of the car. There are two types of auto loans, direct and indirect. In a direct auto loan, a bank lends the money directly to a consumer. In an indirect auto loan, a car dealership (or a connected company) acts as an intermediary between the bank or financial institution and the consumer.
* ପରୋକ୍ଷ ଋଣ, ଏଥିରେ ବିକ୍ରୀକରୁଥିବା ଗାଡ଼ିର ଶୋରୁମ ଡିଲର ବ୍ୟାଙ୍କ ଏବଂ ରୁଣକର୍ତ୍ତାଙ୍କ ଭିତରେ ମଧ୍ୟସ୍ଥି ସାଜି ଋଣ ବ୍ୟବସ୍ଥା କରାଇଦିଅନ୍ତି ।
=== ଅସୁରକ୍ଷିତ ===
ଅସୁରକ୍ଷିତ ରୂଣଗୁଡ଼ିକରେ କିଛି ବନ୍ଧା ରଖାଯାଇନଥାଏ । ବିଭିନ୍ନ ପ୍ରକାରର ଏହି ଭଳି ରୂଣଗୁଡ଼ିକ ହେଲା:
Unsecured loans are monetary loans that are not secured against the borrower's assets. These may be available from financial institutions under many different guises or marketing packages:
* [[କ୍ରେଡିଟ କାର୍ଡ଼|credit card]]ଋଣ debt
* ବ୍ୟକ୍ତିଗତ ଋଣ
* personal loans
* [[ବ୍ୟାଙ୍କ|bank]] overdraftsଓଭରଡ୍ରାଫ୍ଟ ଇତ୍ୟାଦି ।
* credit facilities or lines of credit
* corporate bonds (may be secured or unsecured)
* peer-to-peer lending
The interest rates applicable to these different forms may vary depending on the lender and the borrower. These may or may not be regulated by law. In the United Kingdom, when applied to individuals, these may come under the Consumer Credit Act 1974.