ଫୋର୍ଟ ୱିଲିୟମ ,କଲିକତା

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Fort William
ফোর্ট উইলিয়াম
Kolkata, India
Fortwilliam1828.jpg
Fort William, a view from the inside, c. 1828
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Coordinates22°33′28″N 88°20′17″E / 22.5577°N 88.3380°E / 22.5577; 88.3380
TypeFortress , garrisoned and armoured Army Headquarters.
Site information
Controlled byBritish East India Company
Siraj Ud Daulah
Indian Army (Current)
Site history
Built1781
In use1781 - present
Battles/warsBattle of Plassey
Garrison information
GarrisonEastern Command


ଫୋର୍ଟ ୱିଲିୟମ ଭାରତୀୟ ରାଜ୍ୟ ପଶ୍ଚିମ ବଙ୍ଗର କଲିକତା ସ୍ଥିତ ଏକ ଦୁର୍ଗ । ଏହା ହୁଗୁଳି ନଦୀର ପର୍ବ ତଟ ଅଞ୍ଚଳରେ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ । ଏହାକୁ ବ୍ରିଟିଶ ମାନେ ନିର୍ମାଣ କରି ଇଂଲଣ୍ଡର ରାଜା ୱିଲିୟମ IIIଙ୍କ ସମ୍ମାନାର୍ଥେ ନାମକରଣ କରିଥିଲେ । ଏହା ସାମ୍ନାରେ କଲିକତାର ବୃହତ୍ତମ ପଡିଆ " ମଇଦାନ" ଅବସ୍ଥିତ 

ଇତିହାସ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

There are actually two Fort Williams, the old and the new. The original was built in 1696 by the British East India Company under the supervision of John Goldsborough. Sir Charles Eyre started construction near the bank of the River Hooghly with the South-East Bastion and the adjacent walls. It was named after King William III in 1700. John Beard, his successor, added the North-East Bastion in 1701, and in 1702 started the construction of the Government House (Factory) at the centre of the fort. Construction ended in 1706. The original building had two stories and projecting wings. An internal guard room became the Black Hole of Calcutta.

1844ରେ ଫୋର୍ଟ ୱିଲିୟମର ନକସା 

Presidency of Fort William[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

Structure[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

The Fort is built of brick and mortar in the shape of an irregular octagon with an area 5 km². Five of its sides face landward, and three towards the Hooghly River. The design is that of a star fort, suited to defence against cannon, but from before the advent of explosive shells. It is surrounded by a dry moat 9 m deep and 15 m broad, which can be flooded but is designed as an area in which to use enfilade (or "flanking") fire against any attackers reaching the walls. There are six gates: Chowringhee, Plassey, Calcutta, Water Gate, St Georges and the Treasury Gate. There are similar forts at places like Thalassery in Kerala.[୧] It has a 9-hole golf course currently.

Gallery[ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

ପୁନଶ୍ଚ ଦେଖନ୍ତୁ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  • Fort William College

ଆଧାର ସମୂହ [ସମ୍ପାଦନା]

  1. Nandakumar Koroth, History of Forts in North Malabar