ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox helium

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Helium,  2He
Helium discharge tube.jpg
Helium spectra.jpg
Spectral lines of helium
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକhelium, He
Appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a red-orange glow when placed in a high-voltage electric field
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /ˈhliəm/ HEE-lee-əm
Helium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
-

He

Ne
hydrogenheliumlithium
ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z)2
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକgroup 18 (noble gases), s-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟperiod 1
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର  noble gas
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (±) (Ar)4.002602(2)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ1s2
per shell
2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥାgas
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ(at 2.5 MPa) 0.95 K ​(−272.20 °C, ​−457.96 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ4.22 K ​(−268.93 °C, ​−452.07 °F)
ଘନତା at stp (0 °C and 101.325 kPa)0.1786 g/L
when liquid, at m.p.0.145 g/cm3
when liquid, at b.p.0.125 g/cm3
Critical point5.19 K, 0.227 MPa
Heat of fusion0.0138 kJ/mol
Heat of 0.0829 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity5R/2 = 20.786 J/(mol·K)
 pressure (defined by ITS-90)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K)     1.23 1.67 2.48 4.21
Atomic properties
Oxidation states0
ElectronegativityPauling scale: no data
Covalent radius28 pm
Van der Waals radius140 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for helium
Speed of sound972 m/s
Thermal conductivity0.1513 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[୧]
CAS Number7440-59-7
ଇତିହାସ
ଆବିଷ୍କାରPierre Janssen, Norman Lockyer (1868)
First isolationWilliam Ramsay, Per Teodor Cleve, Abraham Langlet (1895)
Most stable isotopes of helium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
3He 0.000137%* 3He is stable with 1 neutron
4He 99.999863%* 4He is stable with 2 neutrons
  • Atmospheric value, abundance may differ elsewhere.
| references

References

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.