ଛାଞ୍ଚ:Infobox Plutonium

ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ ରୁ
ସିଧାସଳଖ ଯିବେ ଦିଗବାରେଣିକୁ, ଖୋଜିବେ
Plutonium,  94Pu
Two shiny pellets about 3 cm in diameter.
ସାଧାରଣ ଗୁଣ
ନାମ, ପ୍ରତୀକ plutonium, Pu
Appearance silvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
ଉଚ୍ଚାରଣ /plˈtniəm/
Plutonium in the periodic table
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)


ପରମାଣୁ କ୍ରମାଙ୍କ (Z) 94
ଶ୍ରେଣୀ, ବ୍ଳକ group n/a, f-block
ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାୟ period 7
ମୌଳିକ ପ୍ରକାର   actinide
ମାନକ ପରମାଣବିକ ଓଜନ (Ar) (244)
ଇଲେକ୍‌ଟ୍ରୋନ୍ ବିନ୍ୟାସ [Rn] 5f6 7s2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
ଭୌତିକ ଗୁଣ
ଅବସ୍ଥା solid
ଗଳନାଙ୍କ 912.5 K ​(639.4 °C, ​1182.9 °F)
ସ୍ଫୁଟନାଙ୍କ 3505 K ​(3228 °C, ​5842 °F)
Density near r.t. 19.816 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 16.63 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 2.82 kJ/mol
Heat of 333.5 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 35.5 J/(mol·K)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1756 1953 2198 2511 2926 3499
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
(amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.28
Atomic radius empirical: 159 pm
Covalent radius 187±1 pm
Crystal structure monoclinic
Monoclinic crystal structure for plutonium
Speed of sound 2260 m/s
Thermal expansion 46.7 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 6.74 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 1.460 µ Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic[୧]
Young's modulus 96 GPa
Shear modulus 43 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.21
CAS Number 7440-07-5
ଆବିଷ୍କାର Glenn T. Seaborg, Arthur Wahl, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edwin McMillan (1940–1)
Most stable isotopes of plutonium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
238Pu trace 87.74 y SF 204.66[୨]
α 5.5 234U
239Pu 100% 2.41 × 104 y SF 207.06
α 5.157 235U
240Pu trace 6.5 × 103 y SF 205.66
α 5.256 236U
241Pu syn 14 y β 0.02078 241Am
SF 210.83
242Pu trace 3.73 × 105 y SF 209.47
α 4.984 238U
244Pu trace 8.08 × 107 y α 4.666 240U
| references


These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  2. Magurno, B.A.; Pearlstein, S. (eds.) Workshop on nuclear data evaluation methods and procedures, Upton, NY, USA, 22 Septmber 1980, vol. II (1981), pp. 835 ff